Search for:
Daftar 11 Nama Hewan Lucu yang Menggemaskan
Daftar 11 Nama Hewan Lucu yang Menggemaskan

Ada beberapa nama hewan lucu nan menggemaskan yang selama ini mungkin sudah sering kita dengar. Bahkan, beberapa di antara kita mungkin sudah memeliharanya sejak lama. Jenis dan nama hewan lucu tersebut memiliki klasifikasi yang unik, lucu, dan berasal dari daerah yang berbeda-beda.

Daftar Nama Hewan Lucu

1. Hamster
Hewan lucu yang pertama ini merupakan jenis hewan pengerat yang banyak dipelihara. Hal ini lantaran tubuhnya yang imut dan kecil ditambah bulunya yang halus membuat banyak orang selalu merasa gemas.
Cara memeliharanya pun juga cukup terbilang mudah sebab hamster ini dapat diberikan makanan berupa biji-bijian atau sayuran. Hewan imut ini kebanyakan berasal dari daerah sub-tropis sebelah utara, terutama sekitar negara Rusia, Mongolia, Cina bagian utara, dan Siria.
2. Kelinci
Kelinci merupakan jenis hewan lucu selanjutnya yang dapat dipelihara di rumah. Tubuhnya yang dipenuhi dengan bulu-bulu halus semakin membuatnya menarik dan lucu. Perawatan dari kelinci pun juga mudah. Sebab, kelinci hanya butuh makanan seperti sayuran, buah, ataupun rumput-rumputan.
Pada awalnya kelinci merupakan hewan liar yang hidup di Afrika hingga daratan Eropa. Setelah manusia berimigrasi ke berbagai benua baru, kelinci pun turut menyebar ke berbagai pelosok benua baru, seperti Amerika, Australia, dan Asia.
3. Ikan Hias
Beberapa jenis ikan hias yang dapat menjadi peliharaan kesayangan Anda yakni meliputi cupang, platy, ikan mas koi, dan lain sebagainya. Untuk perawatannya, Anda perlu membersihkan akuariumnya secara rutin serta memberinya asupan.
4. Musang
Sedikit berbeda dengan hewan peliharaan yang lainnya, musang ini cenderung lebih tangkas dan aktif. Oleh karena itu, hewan yang satu ini dapat bertahan hidup lebih lama yakni hingga 10 tahun.
Pada dasarnya, musang merupakan hewan liar. Kendati demikian, Anda dapat menjadikannya sebagai hewan peliharaan kesayangan dengan secara rutin memberinya makan serta kandang yang cukup bersih.
5. Kucing
Kucing merupakan salah satu hewan lucu sbobet casino yang paling banyak dipelihara. Beberapa jenis kucing yang sering dipelihara yaitu seperti kucing kampung, ras anggora, hingga persia.
Anda hanya perlu memberinya makan, memandikannya dengan air hangat, serta membersihkan kandangnya secara rutin. Dengan begitu, kucing akan menjadi hewan peliharaan yang akan selalu mengikuti Anda dan menggemaskan.
6. Landak Mini
Ukurannya yang kecil membuatnya menjadi hewan lucu yang dapat Anda jadikan peliharaan di rumah. Selain berwarna hitam dan putih, landak mini juga memiliki berbagai macam kombinasi lain yakni coklat atau brown.
Landak mini ini memiliki duri yang cenderung kecil dan lunak sehingga aman untuk dijadikan hewan peliharaan di rumah. landak mini berasal dari Afrika tengah dan timur tetapi sebagian besar landak ini sebenarnya adalah hibrida dari dua spesies, yakni landak berjari empat dan landak Aljazair.
7. Anjing Pomeranian
Jenis anjing yang satu ini tergolong unik lantaran ukuran tubuhnya yang kecil namun memiliki kemampuan adaptasi yang luar biasa. Anjing pomeranian senang untuk tinggal di tempat yang bersih. Maka dari itu, hewan yang satu ini tepat bagi Anda yang gemar dengan kebersihan.
8. Marmut
Marmut ini cenderung memiliki ukuran tubuh yang sedikit lebih besar dari hamster. Marmut juga dikenal lebih jinak dibandingkan dengan hamster.
Beberapa makanan yang dapat diberikan kepada marmut setiap hari yakni biji-bijian hingga berbagai buah-buahan segar. Jangan lupa untuk tetap menyediakan air di kandangnya.
9. Iguana
Hewan yang termasuk jenis reptil ini pada awalnya dapat ditemukan di wilayah Amerika hingga Asia. Jenis iguana yang sering dijadikan peliharaan adalah iguana yang berwarna hijau. Hal ini lantaran iguana yang berwarna hijau cenderung lebih jinak dan mudah beradaptasi dibandingkan dengan jenis yang lainnya.
10. Kura-kura
Hewan lucu dengan nama Trrapine Carolina ini merupakan hewan peliharaan yang populer di kalangan anak muda. Kura-kura memiliki keunikan tersendiri yang membuatnya menjadi hewan yang menggemaskan yaitu proses tidur panjangnya atau hibernasi dengan cara merendamkan diri. Hibernasi ini bertujuan untuk mempertahankan diri pada saat cuaca ekstrem.
11. Lovebirds (Burung Cinta)
Lovebirds adalah jenis hewan lucu yang juga bisa dipelihara di rumah. Hewan peliharaan satu ini banyak dipelihara karena bentuknya yang mungil dan warnanya yang indah. Burung ini juga membentuk koloni dan biasanya hidup berpasangan.
Mengenal 5 Hewan Purbakala yang Masih Hidup Hingga Kini

Berbicara mengenai hewan-hewan di masa prasejarah alias purbakala, pasti benak kita langsung teringat dengan dinosaurus. Reptil raksasa ini memang sangat populer bahkan sampai diadaptasi sebagai film hingga animasi. Namun, tentu dinosaurus hanya bisa kita jumpai dalam bentuk gambar ilustrasi ataupun animasi saja karena makhluk purba ini telah lama punah.

Tapi, tidak hanya dinosaurus saja hewan purba yang pernah menempati bumi. Masih ada banyak hewan-hewan purba di muka bumi. Bahkan beberapa diantaranya masih bisa kita jumpai dalam keadaan hidup hingga saat ini. Yuk, berkenalan dengan berbagai hewan purba yang masih hidup di era modern kini!

Hewan Purba yang Masih Hidup

1. Hiu Paus

Berhabitat di perairan tropis yang shravskitchen.com hangat, hiu paus dikenal sebagai spesies ikan terbesar yang ada di dunia saat ini. Dapat hidup hingga 70 tahun lamanya, siapa sangka bahwa spesies ikan raksasa ini diyakini telah hidup di bumi sejak 60 juta tahun lalu yang silam, menjadikannya salah satu hewan purba yang masih hidup hingga saat ini. Karena hidup di perairan hangat, hewan purba ini bisa Anda jumpai di perairan Indonesia, lho. Beberapa tempat Anda bisa melihat Hiu Paus di Indonesia antara lain Taman Nasional Wakatobi, perairan Lembata, perairan Teluk Cenderawasih, hingga perairan Misool. Tak perlu khawatir karena hewan purba yang masih hidup satu ini merupakan pemakan plankton.

2. Tapir

Hewan purba yang masih hidup selanjutnya adalah Tapir, hewan herbivora yang bisa dijumpai di beberapa belahan dunia termasuk di Indonesia. Memiliki bentuk unik dan berhabitat di kawasan hutan di tepian sungai, tapir diduga pertama kali berevolusi di zaman Miosen, hingga 23 juta tahun lamanya. Di Indonesia, hewan purba yang masih hidup ini hanya bisa ditemui di pulau Sumatera, yakni bagian selatan Danau Toba di Sumatera Utara hingga Provinsi Lampung. Namun, berdasarkan bukti arkeologi terbaru, Tapir yang bernama ilmiah Tapirus indicus ini terindikasi pernah hidup di Kalimantan setidaknya pada 1,500 tahun yang lalu.

Saat ini hanya ada lima spesies tapir yang tersisa di seluruh Asia, Amerika Tengah dan Selatan.

3. Kasuari

Memiliki karakteristik yang sangat unik, Kasuari merupakan spesies burung tak bisa terbang dan dikenal juga sebagai salah satu spesies burung terbesar yang ada di bumi saat ini. Berasal dari hutan tropis Australia dan Asia Tenggara, burung ini diduga telah hidup di bumi sejak 60 juta tahun yang lalu. Bahkan karakteristiknya yang dianggap mirip dengan spesies dinosaurus ‘velociraptor’ kerap membuat hewan purba yang masih hidup ini dianggap masih berkerabat dengan dinosaurus. Namun, tentu hal tersebut masih belum bisa dibuktikan hingga saat ini. Di Indonesia, selain di kebun binatang, hewan purba yang masih hidup ini hidup di hutan Papua.

4. Salamander Raksasa Tiongkok

Salamander Raksasa Tiongkok diduga telah ada di muka bumi sejak 170 juta tahun yang lalu merupakan hewan purba yang masih hidup lainnya. Hewan ini bahkan diduga hidup di periode yang sama saat dinosaurus masih berada di bumi. Amfibi terbesar di dunia ini dahulu tersebar luas di aliran sungai pegunungan Tiongkok yang dingin. Sayangnya, kini sudah sangat sulit menjumpai hewan purba yang masih hidup ini di alam liar karena perburuan liar.

5. Chambered Nautilus

Berhabitat di dalamnya laut di perairan Australia dan Indonesia, Anda bisa menjumpai Chambered Nautilus, hewan purba yang masih hidup lainnya. Keberadaan hewan purba yang masih hidup ini tergolong sangat langka dan satu-satunya tempat penangkaran hewan ini saat ini hanya berada di Akuarium Monterey Bay, California. Fosil hewan yang diduga merupakan nenek moyang dari hewan purba ini diduga telah berusia 500 juta tahun, dan perbandingan antara fosil tersebut dengan Nautilus yang masih hidup saat ini masih sangat serupa membuatnya diyakini merupakan hewan purba yang sama yang hidup ratusan juta tahun silam.

Hewan Peliharaan yang Baik: Panduan Lengkap Memilih dan Merawat

Mengadopsi hewan peliharaan adalah keputusan besar yang harus dipertimbangkan dengan hati-hati. Hewan peliharaan yang baik dapat menjadi teman setia dan menyenangkan dalam hidup kita. Namun, setiap jenis hewan membutuhkan perawatan yang berbeda, dan kita harus memastikan bahwa kita siap untuk mengambil tanggung jawab Slot Resmi tersebut. Dalam artikel ini, kami akan membahas tentang hewan peliharaan yang baik, dari pemilihan hingga perawatan yang diperlukan.

I. Pemilihan Hewan Peliharaan

a. Mengenali Karakteristik
Sebelum memilih hewan peliharaan, penting untuk memahami karakteristik mereka. Beberapa hewan lebih aktif dan memerlukan lebih banyak ruang untuk bergerak, sementara yang lainnya lebih suka lingkungan yang tenang. Pertimbangkan juga apakah Anda memiliki waktu dan energi yang cukup untuk merawat hewan yang Anda pilih.

b. Ketersediaan Waktu
Hewan peliharaan membutuhkan perhatian dan waktu. Pertimbangkan jadwal Anda, apakah Anda cukup tersedia untuk memberikan perawatan yang diperlukan. Beberapa hewan membutuhkan perawatan khusus, seperti mengajaknya bermain atau membersihkan kotak pasir. Pastikan Anda siap untuk memberikan komitmen ini sebelum mengadopsi hewan.

c. Finansial
Memiliki hewan peliharaan juga membutuhkan biaya finansial. Selain makanan, dalam beberapa kasus, hewan peliharaan juga membutuhkan kunjungan rutin ke dokter hewan dan perlengkapan khusus. Pertimbangkan dengan matang tentang biaya yang akan Anda keluarkan agar terhindar dari kesulitan finansial di kemudian hari.

Hewan peliharaan yang baik

Hewan peliharaan dapat menjadi teman dan anggota keluarga yang berharga. Membesarkan dan merawat hewan peliharaan memberikan rasa bahagia dan kepuasan tersendiri bagi pemiliknya. Namun, penting untuk memilih hewan peliharaan yang baik yang sesuai dengan gaya hidup dan kemampuan untuk merawatnya. Artikel ini akan membahas tentang hewan peliharaan yang baik yang dapat menjadi bagian yang mudah dan menyenangkan dalam hidup sehari-hari.

Keuntungan Memiliki Hewan Peliharaan
Mempunyai hewan peliharaan di rumah memiliki banyak manfaat bagi kesehatan fisik dan mental pemiliknya. Beberapa manfaatnya antara lain:

1. Meningkatkan kesehatan fisik: Merawat hewan peliharaan membutuhkan aktivitas fisik seperti berjalan-jalan dengan anjing atau membersihkan kandang yang dapat meningkatkan pembakaran kalori dan mengurangi risiko penyakit jantung.

2. Mengurangi stres: Interaksi dengan hewan peliharaan dapat memberikan efek relaksasi pada tubuh dan mengurangi tingkat stres dan kecemasan.

3. Menjalin hubungan sosial: Hewan peliharaan dapat menjadi topik percakapan dan memperluas lingkaran sosial, terutama dalam komunitas pecinta hewan peliharaan.

4. Mengajarkan tanggung jawab: Memiliki hewan peliharaan mengajarkan pemiliknya tentang tanggung jawab, termasuk memberikan makanan yang tepat, memberi perawatan medis yang diperlukan, dan memberikan perhatian dan kasih sayang.

Pemilihan Hewan Peliharaan yang Baik
Sebelum memutuskan untuk membeli atau mengadopsi hewan peliharaan, ada beberapa faktor yang perlu dipertimbangkan:

1. Gaya hidup: Pilih hewan peliharaan yang sesuai dengan gaya hidup Anda. Jika Anda aktif dan suka ol

Hewan Laut yang Indah
Hewan Laut yang Indah tapi Mematikan, Jangan Disentuh

Laut adalah salah satu tempat paling indah yang ada di Bumi. Bagaimana tidak? Lautan luas dihuni oleh banyak hewan berwarna-warni dengan bentuk indah serta tanaman yang unik. Karenanya, laut kerap menjadi destinasi favorit untuk refreshing maupun berolahraga.

Meskipun laut sbobet mobile adalah tempat yang indah dan mengasyikkan, tapi jangan sampai kamu menyentuh apa pun. Pasalnya, tak sedikit hewan penghuni lautan yang tampak indah dan menggemaskan, tetapi sebenarnya sangat berbahaya. Ya, di balik tampilannya yang anggun, bisa saja mereka menyimpan racun yang siap dilepaskan pada musuh kapan pun mereka merasa terancam.

Kali ini, kita akan membahas beberapa hewan laut yang indah tapi mematikan.

1. Gurita cincin biru

Gurita cincin biru adalah salah satu spesies gurita paling indah dan mungil. Gurita ini mudah dikenali karena kulitnya yang kuning dengan pola berupa cincin biru dan hitam. Sayangnya, hewan yang hidup di Samudra Pasifik dan Hindia ini tergolong mematikan.

Dilansir laman Ocean Info, para ilmuwan telah mengklasifikasikan mereka sebagai salah satu hewan paling berbahaya di dunia. Sengatan hewan kecil ini mampu membuat seseorang mengalami kelumpuhan. Jika seseorang tersengat saat sedang berenang, ini dapat mengakibatkan orang tersebut mati tenggelam. Hingga kini, peneliti belum menemukan penawar untuk racun ini.

2. Ubur-ubur kotak

Ubur-ubur kotak adalah makhluk laut yang anggun dan tampaknya tidak megancam. Namun, faktanya, ubur-ubur kotak termasuk dalam makhluk laut paling berbahaya di dunia.

Dilansir laman Ocean Info, sengatan ubur-ubur kotak dapat mengakibatkan kematian dalam waktu kurang dari lima menit. Menariknya lagi, ubur-ubur kotak bisa berenang dan mengejar mangsa dengan cepat. Ketika tentakel ubur-ubur menyentuh kulit, nematocysts berbisa menempel pada tubuh dan menyebabkan rasa sakit yang luar biasa.

3. Udang mantis

Udang mantis adalah stomatopoda yang dapat tumbuh sepanjang 20 cm, berwarna-warni, serta memiliki mata yang besar dan cerah. Namun, makhluk laut ini lebih berbahaya daripada yang terlihat. Menurut studi yang dimuat dalam jurnal Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical tahun 2021, para nelayan menganggap udang mantis berbahaya dan cenderung menghindari kontak langsung dengan mereka karena risiko yang terkait. Sejauh ini, sudah ada lima laporan cedera pada manusia yang disebabkan oleh udang mantis, empat oleh cakar dan satu oleh ekor.

Udang mantis memiliki semacam tongkat yang ada di tubuh bagian depan, yang dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan cangkang mangsanya. Hewan kecil ini juga mampu memukul dengan kekuatan setara peluru kaliber 22. Saking kuatnya pukulan udang mantis, mereka bahkan dapat memecahkan akuarium kaca. Karenanya, mereka selalu disimpan di dalam wadah plastik tebal. Bahkan Guinness Book of World Records menyatakan bahwa

udang mantis adalah hewan yang memiliki pukulan paling kuat.

4. Siput kerucut

Siput kerucut hidup di bawah cangkang indah berwarna cokelat, hitam, atau putih dan tidak tampak berbahaya. Namun, di balik tampilan polos mereka, tersembunyi bahaya yang luar biasa.

Dijelaskan laman All That Interesting, siput kerucut memiliki racun yang digunakan untuk menyetrum dan melahap ikan kecil dan moluska yang mereka makan. Meskipun begitu, terkadang racun ini memberikan ancaman fatal bagi manusia.

Banyak penyelam yang tersengat racun saat mengambil cangkang siput kerucut dari dasar laut. Meskipun kebanyakan orang dapat pulih, beberapa berakhir dengan kematian.

5. Lionfish

Lionfish adalah makhluk indah favorit para fotografer bawah air. Namun, jangan coba-coba menyentuh lionfish karena ikan unik ini sangat beracun.

Menurut National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, di balik sirip lionfish yang seperti kipas terdapat sengat yang memiliki racun sangat kuat. Racun ini terdiri dari kombinasi protein, toksin neuromuskular, dan neurotransmitter yang disebut asetilkolin. Sengatannya dapat menyebabkan rasa sakit yang luar biasa, berkeringat, gangguan pernapasan, dan bahkan kelumpuhan. Siapa pun yang tersengat lionfish harus mendapatkan bantuan medis sesegera mungkin.

14 Contoh Rantai Makanan sesuai Ekosistem, di Sawah hingga Laut
14 Contoh Rantai Makanan sesuai Ekosistem, di Sawah hingga Laut

Tahukah kamu contoh rantai makanan sesuai ekosistemnya? Kalau belum, simak penjelasan lengkapnya di bawah ini.

Manusia bukanlah satu-satunya makhluk hidup yang ada di dunia ini. Sesama makhluk hidup baik itu tumbuhan maupun hewan saling berkaitan, salah satunya lewat rantai makanan.

Dikutip dari laman Sumber Belajar milik Kementrian Kebudayaan dan Pendidikan (Kemendikbud), rantai makanan adalah peristiwa memakan dan dimakan antar makhluk hidup secara runtut dengan urutan tertentu.

Proses dan peran rantai makanan terbagi menjadi tiga organisme, yakni:

  • Produsen: Suatu organisme yang bisa menghasilkan atau membuat makanan sendiri, contohnya tumbuh-tumbuhan hijau.
  • Konsumen: Kembali terbagi menjadi tiga; konsumen tingkat I diisi oleh hewan herbivora atau pemakan tumbuhan; konsumen tingkat II diisi oleh hewan karnivora atau pemakan daging; dan konsumen tingkat III (puncak) biasanya diisi oleh hewan omnivora atau pemakan segala.
  • Pengurai: Disebut juga dengan dekomposer, organisme terakhir dalam rantai makanan yang  mampu mengubah zat organik menjadi zat anogarnik.

Selain itu, cmd368 rantai makanan ini bisa berbeda-beda bergantung pada habitat dan ekosistem makhluk hidup yang terlibat.

Baca Juga: Mengenal Macam-macam Ekosistem di Sekitar Kita, Materi Kelas 5 SD

Adapun sejumlah contoh rantai makanan sesuai ekosistem dilansir dari Gramedia yakni sebagai berikut.

Rantai Makanan di Darat atau Sawah

1. Padi – tikus – ular – elang – pengurai
2. Rumput – jangkrik – tikus – ular – burung elang – pengurai
3. Rumput – belalang – katak – ular – burung elang – pengurai
4. Jagung – belalang – kadal – ular – pengurai

Rantai Makanan di Gurun

5. Energi matahari – rumput – rusa – hiena – pengurai
6. Energi matahari – rumput – kelinci – ular – elang – pengurai

Rantai Makanan di Laut

7. Phytoplankton – ikan kecil – anjing laut – hiu – dekomposer

Rantai Makanan di Danau

8. Energi matahari – fitoplankton – zooplankton – larva capung atau nyamuk – ikan – buaya – pengurai
9. Fitoplankton – zooplankton – ikan kecil – ikan besar – burung pemakan ikan – pengurai
10. Tanaman hidrylla – siput – burung pemakan ikan – pengurai
11. Tanaman enceng gondok – ulat – burung – pengurai

Rantai Makanan di Sungai

12. Energi matahari – alga atau lumut – udang – ikan – ular sungai – pengurai
13. Energi matahari – alga atau lumut – ikan – beruang – pengurai

Rantai Makanan di Savana

14. Energi matahari – rumput – zebra – harimau – pengurai
15. Energi matahari – rumput – rusa – cheetah – pengurai

Baca Juga: Apa Peran Hewan dalam Satu Jaring-jaring Makanan? Materi Kelas 5 SD Tema 3

Nah, itulah tadi sejumlah contoh rantai makanan sesuai ekosistem. Semoga bermanfaat!

Hewan Laut
Hewan Laut dengan Bisa Paling Mematikan di Dunia

Lautan adalah rumah bagi beberapa spesies paling berbisa di Bumi. Hewan-hewan tersebut dapat menghasilkan sengatan dan gigitan yang bisa membunuh manusia dalam hitungan menit.

Makhluk laut berbisa mungkin akan lebih umum ditemui karena perubahan iklim membuat hewan-hewan seperti ubur-ubur kotak dan ular laut menetap di wilayah baru.

Hewan laut paling berbisa di dunia

Berikut adalah beberapa hewan laut dengan server thailand bisa paling mematikan di dunia.

1. Gurita cincin biru

Gurita cincin biru (Hapalochlaena) banyak ditemukan di terumbu karang di sekitar Asia Tenggara dan Australia.

Ada empat spesies gurita cincin biru yang diketahui, dan semuanya sangat berbisa serta dapat membunuh manusia hanya dalam beberapa menit.

Bisanya mengandung racun saraf yang disebut tetrodotoxin, yang 1.000 kali lebih kuat daripada sianida dan tidak ada antivenom yang tersedia untuk melawannya.

Tetrodotoxin ditemukan di seluruh jaringan gurita cincin biru, tidak hanya di kelenjar racun tertentu, yang menjadikan makhluk ini salah satu dari sedikit hewan yang beracun dan berbisa.

2. Ubur-ubur kotak Australia

Ubur-ubur kotak Australia (Chironex fleckeri) hidup di perairan Australia utara dan Asia Tenggara.

Ubur-ubur kotak Australia dianggap sebagai salah satu hewan paling berbahaya di lautan. Tentakelnya memiliki panjang hingga 3 meter dan memiliki “lonceng” transparan berukuran sekitar 30 cm.

Racun disuntikkan melalui sel khusus di tentakel ubur-ubur kotak yang disebut nematosista.

Sengatan mereka sangat menyakitkan dan dapat menyebabkan kelumpuhan serta gagal jantung dalam hitungan menit jika racun yang disuntikkan cukup banyak.

Ubur-ubur ini diketahui telah membunuh lebih dari 70 orang dalam satu abad terakhir, namun jumlah korban jiwa kemungkinan besar jauh lebih tinggi karena kurangnya data yang tersedia.

3. Men o’ war Portugis

Sering disangka ubur-ubur, men o’ war Portugis sebenarnya adalah siphonophore berbisa, yang terdiri dari koloni individu khusus yang dikenal sebagai zooids yang bekerja sama sebagai satu unit.

Men o’ war Portugis terdiri dari empat bagian berbeda atau polip, yakni kandung kemih, tentakel, pencernaan, dan reproduksi.

Polip paling atas membentuk kandung kemih berisi gas berwarna biru-ungu yang berada di atas air dan menjadi asal muasal nama spesies tersebut.

Seperti ubur-ubur, men o’ war Portugis juga memiliki tentakel penyengat yang panjangnya sekitar 10 m dan digunakan untuk menangkap dan melumpuhkan ikan.

Tentakel ini dapat memberikan sengatan yang menyakitkan bila disentuh oleh manusia. Sengatannya dapat menyebabkan syok dan demam. Kematian akibat sengatan men o’ war telah tercatat, namun kasusnya sangat jarang terjadi.

4. Siput kerucut beracun

Siput kerucut beracun (Conus geographus) ditemukan di Laut Merah dan kawasan Indo-Pasifik. Ada lebih dari 1.000 spesies siput kerucut, yang ukurannya bervariasi dan cangkangnya berbentuk kerucut.

Moluska ini bersifat predator dan memiliki gigi modifikasi dengan bentuk mirip tombak berisi racun yang mereka gunakan untuk melumpuhkan mangsa.

Tidak semua siput kerucut berbahaya bagi manusia, namun ada satu spesies yang pasti berbahaya.

Siput kerucut beracun dapat tumbuh hingga 15 cm. Mereka diperkirakan memiliki lebih dari 10.000 senyawa aktif dalam racunnya, dan sengatannya dapat menyebabkan kelumpuhan pernapasan yang mengakibatkan kematian.

Menurut sebuah penelitian yang diterbitkan pada tahun 2016 di International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, siput kerucut beracun telah menyebabkan sekitar 15 kematian dalam 30 tahun terakhir.

5. Ikan batu

Ikan batu (Synanceia) adalah kelompok ikan yang sangat berbisa, yang berkamuflase di antara terumbu pantai di Samudera Hindia dan Pasifik.

Ikan ini memiliki duri punggung yang mengandung racun yang dilepaskan dk bawah tekanan, seperti ketika seseorang menginjaknya. Ketika disuntikkan ke manusia, duri itu menyebabkan rasa sakit dan bengkak yang parah.

Puluhan orang disengat ikan batu di Australia setiap tahunnya. Meskipun sebagian besar merupakan kasus ringan yang memerlukan rawat inap singkat di rumah sakit, kasus ekstrem dapat mengakibatkan kesulitan pernapasan, kejang, gagal jantung, hingga kematian.

Hewan-Hewan yang Ada di Bumi Ini: Keajaiban Satwa dan Peliharaan

Bumi kita ini dipenuhi dengan keanekaragaman hayati yang mengagumkan. Dari hewan-hewan kecil yang melata di tanah hingga makhluk-makhluk raksasa yang menghuni lautan dalam, setiap jenis satwa memiliki keunikan dan keindahannya sendiri. Dalam artikel IDN Play ini, kami akan membahas mengenai beberapa hewan yang ada di bumi ini, mulai dari hewan liar di alam bebas hingga hewan peliharaan yang menemani kita sehari-hari.

Hewan Liar di Alam Bebas

a. Singa (Panthera leo)
Singa adalah salah satu hewan liar yang paling dihormati dan memukau. Mereka merupakan simbol kekuatan dan keanggunan di hutan Afrika. Dalam kelompok yang disebut ‘kawanan’, singa jantan biasanya menjaga wilayahnya sementara betina mencari makanan untuk keluarga mereka. Singa dikenal dengan rambut panjangnya di tengkuk dan surai jantan yang kokoh.

b. Harimau Siberia (Panthera tigris altaica)
Harimau Siberia merupakan hewan terbesar dalam keluarga kucing besar. Mereka memiliki bulu tebal dan lebat yang bertujuan untuk melindungi mereka dari suhu ekstrem di habitatnya. Harimau Siberia memiliki kekuatan dan kecepatan yang luar biasa, serta kompleks sosial yang unik.

c. Beruang Kutub (Ursus maritimus)
Beruang Kutub adalah salah satu contoh hewan adaptasi yang menakjubkan. Dengan bulu putihnya yang tebal dan lapisan lemak yang melindungi mereka dari suhu dingin, beruang kutub menjadi hewan hebat yang dapat bertahan hidup di Arktik. Mereka dapat berenang jauh dan terus mengapung di atas es, mencari makanan yang tersembunyi di dalam air.

Keanekaragaman Satwa di Lahan Basah

a. Lele (Clarias gariepinus)
Lele adalah contoh hewan air tawar yang populer di kalangan petani dan konsumen. Hewan ini memiliki cepat beradaptasi dan tumbuh dengan cepat, dengan kemampuan untuk bertahan hidup di lingkungan yang sedikit oksigen. Dengan kandungan protein yang tinggi, lele juga menjadi sumber pangan yang penting.

b. Katak Panah Biak (Dendrobates tinctorius)
Katak Panah Biak merupakan salah satu spesies kadal katak yang memukau. Hewan kecil ini dilindungi untuk melindungi mereka dari hilangnya habitat mereka di hutan hujan. Dengan warna yang cerah dan motif yang indah, katak panah biak adalah hewan yang menarik bagi para pecinta reptil.

c. Prasekolah di Biologi: Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus)
Burung Eclectus Parrot adalah salah satu hewan tercantik yang ada di bumi ini. Dengan warna bulu yang mencolok dan perawakan yang anggun, mereka adalah hewan peliharaan yang populer di kalangan pecinta burung. Mereka memiliki kepribadian yang ramah dan suara yang indah, menjadikan mereka teman yang sangat menghibur.

Hewan Peliharaan yang Menemani Kita Sehari-hari

a. Anjing (Canis lupus familiaris)
Anjing telah menjadi sahabat manusia sejak zaman kuno. Selain menjadi hewan peliharaan yang setia dan penjaga rumah yang baik, anjing juga digunakan dalam berbagai bidang seperti hewan pendukung medis dan pekerjaan di medan perang. Dengan sifat yang ceria dan kecerdasan yang luar biasa, anjing adalah hewan yang sangat disayangi oleh manusia.

b. Kucing (Felis catus)
Kucing adalah hewan peliharaan yang sangat populer di kalangan masyarakat. Mereka memiliki karakter yang mandiri, tetapi juga bisa menjadi teman yang hangat dan penyembuh stres. Dengan keahlian berburu tinggi dan kemampuan membersihkan diri mereka sendiri, kucing menjadi hewan peliharaan yang unik dan menyenangkan.

c. Kelinci (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Kelinci adalah hewan peliharaan yang lucu dan menggemaskan. Dengan telinganya yang panjang dan bulu yang lembut, kelinci menyenangkan untuk dielus-elus. Mereka juga relatif mudah dirawat dan bisa membangun ikatan yang kuat dengan pemilik mereka.

Bumi ini adalah rumah bagi berbagai jenis hewan yang mengagumkan. Dari hewan liar di alam bebas hingga hewan peliharaan yang ceria, setiap satwa memiliki pesonanya sendiri. Dalam menjaga keberagaman satwa ini terjaga, penting bagi kita untuk memahami kebutuhan dan keunikan masing-masing hewan tersebut. Dengan langkah-langkah konservasi dan perlindungan, kita dapat terus menikmati keajaiban hewan-hewan yang indah dan berharga ini di dunia ini.

Hewan Mamalia
Hewan Mamalia: Pengertian, Ciri, Jenis, dan Contohnya

Hewan mamalia adalah kelompok hewan menyusui yang memiliki beragam spesies dan tersebar luas di muka bumi.

Hewan dari kelompok mamalia ini tentu seringkali dijumpai dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, bahkan ada juga yang dijadikan hewan peliharaan.

Dirangkum dari berbagai sumber, berikut penjelasan lebih lanjut tentang hewan mamalia lengkap dengan pengertian, ciri, jenis dan contohnya slot triofus.

Pengertian Hewan Mamalia

Dilansir dari buku Miskonsepsi dalam Pelajaran IPA di Sekolah Dasar Tinjauan Kritis dari Sudut Ilmu Pengetahuan (2015), hewan mamalia adalah hewan menyusui dan berkembang biak dengan cara beranak (vivipar).

Beranak ditandai dengan proses melahirkan, yaitu keluarnya anak bersama plasentanya. Waktu berkembangnya janin di dalam rahim disebut kehamilan dan masa kehamilan ini berbeda-beda pada setiap jenis hewan mamalia.

Meski begitu, beberapa spesies mamalia lainnya juga ada yang berkembang biak dengan cara bertelur.

Mamalia bertelur ini secara evolusi dianggap sebagai hewan peralihan dari bangsa burung ke mamalia. Salah satunya contohnya mamalia berparuh.

Ciri-Ciri Hewan Mamalia

Ilustrasi. Ciri-ciri hewan mamalia. (noly/Pixabay)

Di bawah ini ada beberapa ciri-ciri hewan mamalia yang membedakannya dengan kelompok hewan lain.

  1. Tubuh ditutupi bulu atau rambut
  2. Memiliki glandula mamae atau kelenjar susu yang mengeluarkan air susu
  3. Mempunyai plasenta kecuali platypus
  4. Berkembang biak dengan cara melahirkan
  5. Mamalia betina akan menyusui
  6. Di dalam jantung memiliki 4 ruang
  7. Bernapas dengan paru-paru
  8. Sel darah merahnya tidak memiliki nukleus
  9. Memiliki telinga luar dan sebagian besar dilengkapi daun telinga
  10. Homoioterm atau berdarah panas, maksudnya suhu tubuh mamalia tidak dipengaruhi lingkungan

Jenis-Jenis Hewan Mamalia

Selain memiliki ciri-ciri khusus, mamalia juga terbagi menjadi tiga kelompok utama yaitu mamalia bertelur, berkantung, dan berplasenta, berikut penjelasannya.

1. Mamalia bertelur (prototheria)

Prototheria adalah mamalia yang berkembang biak dengan cara bertelur. Nantinya, anak mamalia prototheria mengisap susu melalui rambut sang induk karena indungnya tidak memiliki kelenjar susu.

Contoh hewan mamalia bertelur adalah platypus dan landak semut (echidna).

2. Mamalia berkantung (metatheria)

Metatheria adalah mamalia berkantung yang melahirkan anaknya saat embrio masih di tahap awal sehingga memiliki masa kehamilan yang singkat.

Contoh mamalia berkantung adalah koala, kanguru, dan opossum.

3. Mamalia berplasenta (eutheria)

Eutheria adalah mamalia berplasenta atau memiliki tali pusar. Plasenta ini digunakan untuk pertukaran nutrisi dan gas yang dibutuhkan oleh janin dari induknya.

Contoh mamalia berplasenta adalah domba, kucing, jerapah, gajah dan masih banyak lagi.

Contoh Hewan Mamalia

Dari sekian banyak spesiesnya, berikut contoh-contoh hewan yang termasuk ke dalam kelompok mamalia. Di antaranya:

  1. Monyet
  2. Sapi
  3. Domba
  4. Jerapah
  5. Kapibara
  6. Anjing
  7. Kucing
  8. Kelinci
  9. Paus
  10. Gajah
  11. Tikus
  12. Orang utan
  13. Badak
  14. Banteng
  15. Tapir
  16. Simpanse
  17. Monyet
  18. Gorilla
  19. Armadillo
  20. Platypus
  21. Kanguru
  22. Koala
  23. Landak semut
  24. Unta
  25. Opossum
  26. Singa
  27. Harimau
  28. Paus
  29. Lumba-lumba
  30. Duyung
  31. Beruang madu
  32. Lutung
  33. Kukang
  34. Kelelawar
  35. Kambing
  36. Tupai
  37. Rubah
  38. Marsupials
  39. Primata
  40. Paus okra
  41. Paus biru
  42. Babi
  43. Kuda
  44. Rusa
  45. Gorila
  46. Anjing laut
  47. Berang-berang
  48. Hamster
  49. Trenggiling
  50. Cheetah, dan masih banyak lagi

Itulah penjelasan tentang hewan mamalia lengkap dengan contohnya yang perlu diketahui.

“Off-White: Merajut Kembali Benang Kreativitas dan Keterbukaan dalam Fashion”

“Off-White: Merajut Kembali Benang Kreativitas dan Keterbukaan dalam Fashion”

Fashion selalu bergerak maju dengan cepat, namun hanya sedikit merek yang mampu menorehkan kesan yang mendalam dalam industri ini. Salah satunya adalah Off-White, merek yang lahir dari visi Virgil Abloh pada tahun 2012. Off-White muncul dengan semangat baru, menggabungkan elemen mewah dengan estetika jalanan yang otentik. Hal ini menciptakan sebuah narasi baru tentang bagaimana fashion bisa menjadi medium ekspresi yang kuat dan inklusif.

“Sintesis Antara Kemewahan dan Kreativitas Jalanan”

Off-White menonjol karena pendekatan desainnya yang inovatif. Garis-garis diagonal yang khas, penggunaan tanda kutip, dan elemen-elemen industri menjadi ciri khas yang mengidentifikasi merek ini di antara yang lainnya. Ini bukan hanya tentang pakaian; ini tentang menciptakan kembali definisi fashion dengan menyatukan elemen-elemen yang sebelumnya bertolak belakang.

Salah satu aspek menarik dari Off-White adalah kolaborasi yang mereka bina dengan berbagai merek dan institusi terkemuka. Kerja sama mereka dengan Nike adalah salah satu yang paling menonjol, menghasilkan koleksi yang revolusioner yang menghadirkan ulang siluet-siluet sepatu ikonik dengan pendekatan yang segar.

“Jejak Pengaruh yang Luas dan Mendalam”

Pengaruh Off-White meluas jauh di luar fashion. Merek ini telah menembus budaya populer, menjadi simbol gaya hidup modern yang diakui oleh berbagai kalangan. Keberadaannya yang aktif di platform media sosial telah membantu menciptakan komunitas yang kuat dan terlibat, memperluas pengaruh merek ini ke generasi yang lebih muda.

Wafatnya Virgil Abloh pada tahun 2021 meninggalkan kesan yang mendalam di industri fashion, namun warisannya terus hidup melalui karya-karya Off-White yang terus berinovasi dan mengeksplorasi batas-batas kreativitas dalam fashion di daftar sbobet88.

Off-White, dengan segala perbedaannya, telah mengukuhkan posisinya sebagai salah satu pilar dalam transformasi fashion modern. Lebih dari sekadar label pakaian, Off-White adalah manifestasi dari keberanian, eksperimen, dan semangat untuk merayakan keunikan. Merek ini tidak hanya mempersembahkan pakaian, tetapi juga sebuah cerita tentang cara kita mengekspresikan diri dalam dunia yang terus berubah dengan cara yang autentik dan berarti.

Cara Merawat Kucing Peliharaan Di Rumah

 

Kucing Asli IndonesiaKucing di rumah, tidak sekedar hewan peliharaan saja tetapi bisa juga jadi teman kita, karena tingkah laku seekor kucing sangat lucu, menggemaskan dan membuat kita terhibur. Ketika kita merasa sedih keberadaan kucing bisa merubah suasana hati kita, banyak yang percaya jika kucing dapat Link Alternatif SBOBET mengetahui perasaan manusia.

Maka dari itu bukan hanya memeliharanya saja, kita juga perlu merawatnya dengan baik, seperti hal nya manusia merawat dirinya sendiri. Karena seekor kucing juga memiliki perasaan seperti manusia, faktanya kucing memiliki beragam emosi seperti ketakutan, kesedihan, kepuasan dan kasih sayang. Kucing ingin merasakan kasih sayang dan dirawat dengan baik. Bukan hanya tempat tinggal dan makanan saja, kucing juga memerlukan perawatan. Berikut cara merawat kucing dengan benar yang perlu kalian ketahui.

1. Perhatikan makanan dan minuman yang diberikan

Makanan yang sehat sangat penting untuk Kesehatan kucing, maka dari itu kalian wajib memperhatikan asupan makanan yang masuk terhadap kucing kalian dalam keseharianya. Makanan dan minuman yang kita berikan pada kucing harus kita perhatikan dengan benar, terutama makanan yang diberikan harus sesuai dengan usia kucing, ada untuk Kitten, adult, dan senior.

Lalu pastikan juga takaran makanan kucing seimbang. Selain itu, perhatikan pula porsi makanan kucing. Apabila pemilik memeberi makanan berlebihan, maka kucing akan kelebihan karbohidrat dan rentan terkena obesitas dan diabetes tipe 2, diabetes penyakit berbahaya pada kucing karena sel tidak dapat mengakses nutrisi yang dibutuhkan.

Sedangkan untuk minumnya kita harus memberinya dengan air matang, tidak boleh air yang mentah, karena dikhawatirkan kucing mengalami diare yang disebabkan protozoa yang terdapat protozoa.

2. Sediakan tempat khusus untuk kucing

Jika kita ingin merawat kucing yang wajib dilakukan adalah mempunyai tempat khusus untuk kucing, supaya kucing merasa aman dan nyaman. Tetapi jangan terus-terusan mengurung kucing di dalam kandang, karena hal ini justru menimbulkan dampak negatif bagi si kucing.

Ketika kita terus-terusan mengurung kucing, kucing akan merasa bosan. Apalagi jika ukuran kandang yang sempit dan membuat mereka sulit untuk bergerak bebas, hal ini akan membuat kucing merasa stres dan memicu berbagai penyakit yang tidak diharapkan bagi kucing.

3. Vaksinasi Kucing

Vaksin bagi kucing merupakan hal yang penting, karena vaksin dapat membantu mencegah penyakit berbahaya yang menyerang kucing, maka lakukan vaksin pada kucing sesuai jadwal. Ada beberapa vaksin yang di rekomendasikan untuk kucing, yaitu : Rabies, Panleukopenia, Feline calicivirus, Feline viral rhinotracheitis

10 Surprising Facts About Animals You Need to Know

Animals are familiar creatures to most of us. We are, after all, animals ourselves. Beyond that, we share the planet with a remarkable diversity of other animals, we rely on animals, we learn from animals, and we even befriend animals. But do you know the finer points of what makes one organism an animal and another organism something else, such as a plant or a bacterium or a fungus? Below, you’ll find out more about animals and why they are unlike the other lifeforms that populate our planet.

https://www.theparkatsanremo.com/

The First Animals Appeared About 600 Million Years Ago

The oldest evidence of life dates back some 3.8 billion years. The earliest fossils are of ancient organisms called stromatolites. Stromatolites were not animals—animals would not appear for another 3.2 billion years. It was during the late Precambrian that the first animals appear in the fossil record. Among the earliest animals are those of the Ediacara biota, an assortment of tubular and frond-shaped creatures that lived between 635 and 543 million years ago. The Ediacara biota appears to have vanished by the end of the Precambrian.

Animals Rely on Other Organisms for Food and Energy

Animals need the energy to power all aspects of their lives including their growth, development, movement, metabolism, and reproduction. Unlike plants, animals are not capable of transforming sunlight into energy. Instead, animals are heterotrophs, which means they cannot produce their own food and must instead ingest plants and other organisms as a way to get the carbon and energy they need to live.

Animals Are Capable of Movement

Unlike plants, which are fixed to the substrate in which they grow, most animals are motile (capable of movement) during some or all of their life cycle. For many animals, the ability to move is obvious: fish swim, birds fly, mammals scamper, climb, run, and mosey. But for some animals, the movement is subtle or restricted to a short period of their life. Such animals are described as being sessile. Sponges, for example, are sedentary for most of their life cycle but do spend their larval stage as free-swimming animals. Additionally, it has been shown that some species of sponges can move at a very slow rate (a few millimeters per day). Examples of other sessile animals that move only very minimally include barnacles and corals.

All Animals Are Multicellular Eukaryotes

All animals have bodies that consist of multiple cells—in other words, they are multicellular. In addition to being multicellular, animals are also eukaryotes—their bodies are composed of eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells are complex cells, inside which internal structures such as the nucleus and the various organelles are enclosed in their own membranes. The DNA in a eukaryotic cell is linear and it is organized into chromosomes. With the exception of the sponges (the simplest of all animals), animal cells are organized into tissues that perform different functions. Animal tissues include connective tissue, muscle tissue, epithelial tissue, and nervous tissue.

Animals Have Diversified Into Millions of Different Species

The evolution of animals, since their first appearance 600 million years ago, has resulted in an extraordinary number and diversity of lifeforms. As a result, animals have evolved many different forms as well as a multitude of ways of moving, obtaining food, and sensing their environment. Throughout the course of animal evolution, the numbers of animal groups and species have increased and, at times, decreased. Today, scientists estimate that there are more than 3 million living species.

The Cambrian Explosion Was a Critical Time for Animals

The Cambrian Explosion (570 to 530 million years ago) was a time when the rate of diversification of animals was both remarkable and rapid. During the Cambrian Explosion, early organisms evolved into many different and more complex forms. During this time period, nearly all of the basic animal body plans developed, body plans that are still present today.

Sponges Are the Simplest of All Animals

Sponges are the simplest of all animals. Like other animals, sponges are multicellular, but it is where the similarities end. Sponges lack the specialized tissues that are present in all other animals. The body of a sponge consists of cells that are embedded within a matrix. Tiny spiny proteins called spicules are scattered throughout this matrix and form a support structure for the sponge. Sponges have many small pores and channels distributed throughout their body that serve as a filter-feeding system and enables them to sift food from the water current. Sponges diverged from all other animal groups early in the evolution of animals.

Most Animals Have Nerve and Muscle Cells

All animals with the exception of the sponges have specialized cells in their bodies called neurons. Neurons, also called nerve cells, send electrical signals to other cells. Neurons transmit and interpret a wide range of information such as the animal’s well being, movement, environment, and orientation. In vertebrates, neurons are the building blocks of an advanced nervous system that includes the animal’s sensory system, brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Invertebrates have nervous systems that are made up of fewer neurons than those of vertebrates, but this does not mean the nervous systems of invertebrates are simplistic. Invertebrate nervous systems are efficient and highly successful at solving the problems of survival these animals face.

Most Animals Are Symmetrical

Most animals, with the exception of sponges, are symmetrical. There are different forms of symmetry in various animal groups. Radial symmetry, present in cnidarians such as sea urchins, and also in some species of sponges, is a type of symmetry in which the animal’s body can be divided into similar halves by applying more than two planes that pass through the length of the animal’s body. Animals that exhibit radial symmetry are disk-shaped, tube-like or bowl-like in structure. Echinoderms such as sea stars exhibit a five-point radial symmetry called pentaradial symmetry.

Bilateral symmetry is another type of symmetry present in many animals. Bilateral symmetry is a type of symmetry in which the animal’s body can be divided along a sagittal plane (a vertical plane that extends from head to posterior and divides the animal’s body into a right and left half).

The Largest Living Animal Is the Blue Whale

The blue whale, a marine mammal that can reach weights of more than 200 tons, is the largest living animal. Other large animals include the African elephant, Komodo dragon, and the colossal squid.

Menilik Keunikan Ikan Mola Mola Yang Memiliki Bentuk Yang Aneh

Menilik Keunikan Ikan Mola Mola – Mola-mola atau disebut juga dengan ikan bulan atau sunfish adalah ikan terbesar di dunia yang ditemukan di perairan hangat dan sedikit dingin di seluruh dunia. Mola-mola dapat tumbuh hingga 3,3 meter panjang dan beratnya bisa mencapai lebih dari 2.000 kg. Mola-mola memiliki tubuh yang unik dan agak aneh, dengan bentuk bulat dan pipih seperti bulan. Mereka memiliki sirip yang sangat pendek dan terletak di bagian belakang tubuh mereka, serta memiliki kulit yang tebal dan kurang https://www.alsmesquitegrill.com/ bersisik. Mola-mola juga dikenal karena mereka dapat melompat keluar dari air sampai beberapa meter di udara.

Makanan utama Mola-mola adalah berbagai jenis zooplankton dan krustasea kecil, namun mereka juga bisa memakan ikan kecil dan ubur-ubur. Mola-mola tidak memiliki banyak predator alami karena ukuran mereka yang besar, namun mereka dapat menjadi mangsa hiu dan paus. Mola-mola juga menjadi objek wisata populer untuk penyelaman dan snorkeling, terutama di daerah yang banyak terdapat populasi Mola-mola seperti lepas pantai Bali dan Nusa Penida di Indonesia, serta California dan Australia.

Menilik Keunikan Ikan Mola Mola

amun, karena ukuran mereka yang besar dan berat, interaksi dengan Mola-mola harus dilakukan dengan hati-hati dan sesuai dengan aturan yang berlaku.  Setelah menyelam di bagian laut yang paling dalam dan paling gelap untuk berburu mangsa, ikan Mola Mola menghabiskan setengah hari berjemur di bawah sinar matahari di dekat permukaan air, untuk menghangatkan kembali tubuh mereka dan membantu kelancaran pencernaan mereka.

Baca juga: 20 Hewan Pemakan Daging Beserta Jenisnya

Mereka mungkin terlihat seperti sedang pura-pura mati jika kamu cukup beruntung untuk melihatnya di alam liar. Itu karena Sunfish laut sering terlihat berbaring miring di permukaan, kadang-kadang mengepakkan sirip punggung mereka. Menariknya, mereka bisa berada di permukaan untuk menarik burung laut dari atas atau ikan dari bawah untuk membersihkan parasit dari kulit mereka. Rerata ikan Mola Mola memiliki panjang 10 kaki (atau sekitar 305 cm) dan berat 2.200 pound (atau sekitar 998 kg). Bahkan ikan Mola Mola laut terbesar memiliki berat 2,5 ton, yang sebanding dengan SUV, menjadikannya ikan bertulang terbesar di dunia. Mereka bertelur jutaan. Sunfish dapat bertelur hingga 300 juta telur sekaligus, lebih dari vertebrata mana pun.

20 Hewan Pemakan Daging
20 Hewan Pemakan Daging Beserta Jenisnya

20 Hewan Pemakan Daging – Hewan bisa digolongkan berdasarkan jenis makanannya, yaitu omnivora (pemakan segalanya), herbivora (pemakan tumbuhan), dan karnivora (pemakan daging). Hewan pemakan daging sering digambarkan sebagai hewan buas yang menyeramkan.

Sebagian besar karnivora memang buas, namun tidak semuanya seperti itu, lho. Hewan pemakan daging juga terbagi menjadi beberapa jenis. Ingin tahu apa saja jenis dan contoh hewan karnivora? Baca artikel ini sampai habis, ya!

Mengenal Hewan Pemakan Daging (Karnivora)

Dikutip dari buku klasifikasi Hewan Berdasarkan Jenis Makanan yang ditulis Nina Widyaningsih, karnivora berasal dari bahasa latin yaitu caro dan vorare, yang artinya daging dan makanan.

Dengan kata lain, hewan karnivora adalah hewan pemakan daging. Sebagian besar hewan karnivora memang buas dan bertahan hidup dengan Mahjong Ways cara berburu, namun ada juga yang bisa dijadikan hewan peliharaan seperti kucing dan anjing. Mayoritas hewan karnivora berkembang biak dengan cara vivipar (melahirkan), namun ada juga yang secara ovipar (bertelur), seperti buaya.

Ciri-ciri Hewan Pemakan Daging

Hewan pemakan daging memiliki beberapa ciri. Namun, ciri-ciri hewan satu dengan hewan lainnya berbeda-beda tergantung dengan tempat tinggalnya. Masih dilansir dari sumber yang sama, ciri-ciri hewan karnivora antara lain:

1. Makanan Utamanya Daging

Makanan utama hewan karnivora adalah daging. Maka dari itu, hewan karnivora kebanyakan merupakan hewan buas atau predator.

2. Kebanyakan Vivipar

Sebagian besar hewan karnivora berkembang biak dengan cara melahirkan (vivipar), walaupun ada juga yang bertelur (ovipar) seperti ular, buaya dan beberapa jenis ikan. Maka dari itu, kebanyakan hewan karnivora adalah mamalia.

3. Memiliki Kemampuan Berburu

Mengingat makanan utamanya adalah daging, hewan karnivora memiliki kemampuan berburu dan bertahan hidup di alam. Lazimnya, mereka memang mencari makan dengan memangsa hewan lain di hutan. Jenis hewan ini memiliki penglihatan, pendengaran dan kemampuan bersembunyi dari musuh.

4. Termasuk Golongan Vertebrata

Hewan karnivora termasuk dalam golongan vertebrata, atau hewan dengan tulang belakang.

5. Mayoritas HIdup di Darat

Sebagian besar hewan karnivora hidup di darat, seperti harimau, serigala, singa, dan lain-lain. Namun, ada juga yang hidup di air atau amfibi seperti hiu, buaya atau ular.

Jenis-jenis Hewan Pemakan Daging

Dilansir laman livescience.com, karnivora terbagi menjadi beberapa jenis yang terbagi atas makanannya. Ada karnivora yang hanya makan daging, namun ada juga yang makan buah-buahan. Jenis-jenis karnivora antara lain:

1. Hyper Karnivora

Hyper karnivora adalah jenis hewan yang 70%-90% makanan utamanya adalah daging. Sementara sisanya merupakan kombinasi tumbuhan atau kacang-kacangan. Karnivora jenis ini tidak memiliki pencernaan yang baik untuk mencerna makanan lain selain daging. Salah satu contoh hyper karnivora adalah harimau.

2. Meso Karnivora

Meso karnivora adalah jenis hewan yang 50%-70% makanannya daging, sementara sisanya adalah tumbuh-tumbuhan. Walaupun tidak sebanyak hyper karnivora, makanan utama meso karnivora tetap daging. Biasanya ukuran tubuhnya lebih kecil dari hyper karnivora. Contoh meso karnivora adalah rubah dan rakun.

3. Hypo Karnivora

Hypo karnivora mengonsumsi 30% daging dan sisanya adalah kombinasi tumbuhan, buah atau kacang-kacangan. Hewan jenis ini juga termasuk omnivora karena mengkonsumsi daging dan nabati. Contoh hewan hypo karnivora adalah beruang grizzly.

Setelah mengetahui jenis dan ciri hewan pemakan daging, inilah contoh hewan pemakan daging yang harus Anda tahu. Tidak hanya kucing besar, ada juga jenis burung dan serangga.

1. Harimau

Semua jenis kucing besar adalah karnivora. Salah satu yang paling berbahaya adalah harimau yang termasuk dalam hyper karnivora. Harimau memiliki kemampuan berburu dan bersembunyi yang sangat hebat. Dalam satu hari, harimau bisa mengkonsumsi 40-85 pon daging hewan lain, seperti kijang, babi hutan, unggas atau ikan.

2. Rubah

Makhluk berbulu oranye ini memang memiliki bentuk yang menggemaskan. Namun, rubah adalah hewan buas, lho. Biasanya mereka akan berubah jadi ganas jika diganggu. Biasanya rubah memakan tikus, kelinci, serangga, atau bangkai.

3. Beruang Kutub

Kita tidak akan melihat beruang kutub di Indonesia karena hewan ini hanya hidup di Kutub Utara. Beruang kutub adalah salah satu jenis beruang terbesar dengan berat hampir 600 kg. Jika sudah masuk ke perangkap beruang kutub, akan sangat sulit untuk melarikan diri. Biasanya, beruang kutub memakan ikan atau anjing laut.

4. Jaguar

Jaguar adalah salah satu spesies kucing besar yang sangat berbahaya. Hewan Jaguar adalah hewan pemangsa yang bisa hidup di segala iklim, bahkan iklim dingin. Gerak yang gesit dan lincah membuat mereka bisa menangkap mangsa dengan mudah. Biasanya mereka memangsa kijang, rubah, ikan dan mamalia lainnya.

5. Serigala

Serigala adalah hewan karnivora yang hidup berkelompok sekitar 10-20 ekor. Dengan jumlah sebanyak itu, mereka bisa dengan mudah menumbangkan mangsa yang berukuran lebih besar. Biasanya, mereka memangsa rusa, kuda, dan mamalia besar lainnya.

6. Singa

Dijuluki raja hutan, singa adalah predator yang tidak memiliki pemangsa. Perbedaan singa dengan kucing besar lain adalah ciri fisiknya yang memiliki rambut disekitar wajah. Walaupun berbeda besar, mereka memiliki kemampuan berburu dan bersembunyi yang hebat. Biasanya mereka memangsa kijang, kambing, atau kerbau.

7. Burung Hantu

Burung hantu adalah salah satu burung nokturnal yang memakan daging. Berbeda dengan burung lainnya yang memakan biji-bijian, burung hantu hanya memakan daging. Biasanya, burung hantu memakan burung kecil, tupai, tikus dan kelelawar.

8. Tasmanian Devil

Walaupun terlihat menyeramkan, tasmanian devil sebenarnya tidak berbahaya bagi manusia, kecuali jika mereka diganggu. Hewan ini bisa ditemukan di pulau Tasmania di Australia. Hewan ini memangsa burung, ular dan bangkai hewan.

9. Lynx

Berbeda dengan harimau dan singa, lynx adalah spesies kucing besar yang cantik. Namun, sebagai lynx tetaplah berbahaya. Hewan ini hidup di Eropa Utara dan memangsa tupai, burung, rusa dan babi hutan.

10. Buaya

Buaya adalah salah satu predator amfibi yang sangat berbahaya. Dengan giginya yang banyak dan tajam, sudah bisa dipastikan buaya adalah hewan karnivora. Buaya biasanya hidup di perairan seperti danau, rawa atau sungai. Hebatnya, mereka bisa berenang dan menyerang mangsa dengan sangat cepat. Makanan buaya adalah ikan, katak, burung, dan mamalia lain.

11. Burung Elang

Burung elang biasanya tinggal di wilayah perairan. memiliki kemampuan berburu yang sangat hebat. Bentuk paruh yang melengkung ke bawah dan tajam dikhususkan untuk merobek daging mangsa. Mereka memangsa unggas, ikan, tupai dan tikus.

12. Macan Tutul

Sama seperti kucing besar lainnya, macan tutul merupakan hewan hyper karnivora. Mereka bertahan hidup dengan cara berburu mangsa seperti kijang dan kerbau. Istimewanya, mereka bisa berlari dengan cepat dan memanjat pohon.

13. Bunglon

Bunglon adalah salah satu jenis kadal yang terkenal karena kemampuan kamuflase. Mere bisa mengubah warna kulit menyesuaikan dengan lingkungannya. Hal ini dilakukan untuk bersembunyi dari musuh dan menangkap mangsa. Bunglon biasa memakan serangga, seperti ulat, lalat, ngengat, dan nyamuk.

14. Hiu

Hiu adalah salah satu karnivora dan predator air yang paling ditakuti. Jenis hiu yang paling berbahaya adalah hiu putih karena ukurannya yang besar. Hebatnya lagi, hiu bisa mencium tetesan darah dari jarak 3 mil. Makanan utamanya adalah ikan, plankton serta burung.

15. Belalang

Belalang sering digambarkan sebagai hewan yang gesit dan cepat. Mungkin banyak yang belum tahu kalau mereka merupakan hewan karnivora yang memangsa serangga, bahkan belalang lainnya. Mereka berburu mangsa dengan cara berkamuflase dan menyerang dengan kaki depannya yang berduri.

16. Katak

Katak adalah hewan amfibi yang berkembang biak secara ovipar. Hewan ini bukanlah hewan buas yang berbahaya bagi manusia, namun katak merupakan hewan karnivora yang memakan serangga, seperti cacing, lalat, nyamuk, bahkan katak lainnya.

17. Semut Tentara

Semut memang hewan kecil yang tidak berbahaya, namun berbeda dengan semut tentara. Jenis semut ini hidup dengan cara migrasi atau berpindah-pindah. Tidak seperti jenis semut lain yang memakan nektar, semut tentara memakan serangga lainnya, seperti laba-laba, kadal atau bangkai.

18. Ular Piton

Hampir semua jenis ular adalah karnivora, namun ular piton adalah salah satu yang paling berbahaya, karena sudah banyak kasus manusia yang di mangsa oleh ular piton. Perut hewan ini sangat elastis sehingga mampu memakan hewan seperti tikus, unggas, kambing, sampai kerbau. Ular piton banyak di temukan di wilayah Asia, Australia dan Afrika.

19. Komodo

Hewan satu ini adalah hewan endemik Indonesia yang hidup di sekitar Nusa Tenggara. Komodo memiliki kemampuan berburu yang sangat hebat, bahkan manusia pun tidak di sarankan terlalu dekat dengan hewan ini. Komodo bisa memakan hewan yang lebih besar dari pada ukurannya, seperti kambing, rusa, atau babi.

20. Tarantula

Tarantula adalah salah satu jenis laba-laba terbesar dan terlihat menyeramkan. Namun ternyata tarantula tidak berbahaya, lho. Tidak seperti ular, racun tarantula hanya akan menyebabkan bentol. Bahkan, tarantula sering di jadikan hewan peliharaan. Tarantula biasanya memakan serangga seperti jangkrik dan kecoa.

Itulah beberapa jenis dan contoh hewan pemakan daging. Ternyata tidak semua karnivora itu berbahaya, ada juga yang bisa di pelihara seperti tarantula. Apakah detikers sudah pernah bertemu salah satu hewan di atas?

Daftar Nama Alat Pernapasan pada Hewan

Salah satu alat pernapasan hewan yang paling dikenal adalah insang yang digunakan untuk ikan. Apalagi nama alat pernapasan pada hewan selain insang pada ikan Nama alat pernapasan pada hewan adalah:

  • Insang
  • Paru-paru
  • Kulit
  • Trakea

Insang

Dilansir dari Encyclopedia Britannica, insang adalah jenis alat pernapasan yang terbentuk dari jaringan bercabang atau berbulu yang kaya akan pembuluh darah.

Baca juga: Sistem Ekskresi Ikan Air Tawar dan Air Laut

Insang ditemukan pada hewan air dan amfibi. Insang biasanya berada di dalam rongga dan memiliki kemampuan mengambil oksigen dari dalam air dan melepaskan karbon dioksida.

Contoh hewan yang bernapas menggunakan insang adalah hampir semua jenis ikan, pari, hiu, kerang raksasa, kecebong katak Amerika, beberapa jenis katak, gurita, keong laut dan kelinci laut.

Paru-paru

Alat pernapasan yang digunakan hewan selanjutnya adalah paru-paru. Paru-paru biasanya digunakan sebagai organ pernapasan oleh hewan vertebrata yang tinggal di darat.

Paru-paru setiap jenis hewan berbeda satu sama lain. Semua mamalia (seperti jerapah, singa, kucing, dan primata) bernapas dengan paru-paru, termasuk mamalia laut seperti lumba-lumba dan paus.

Contoh lain hewan yang bernapas dengan paru-paru adalah amfibi dewasa dan semua spesies burung.

Baca juga: Macam-macam Sistem Pernapasan Hewan

Trakea

Alat pernapasan pada hewan selanjutnya adalah trakea. Dilansir dari Biology LibreTexts, trakea adalah jaringan tabung kecil yang terbuat dari polimer bernama kitin.

Trakea hadir pada hewan yang tidak bergantung pada sistem peredaran darah. Sehingga, trakea membantu sistem pernapasan mandiri tanpa adanya darah.

Trakea biasanya dilengkapi dengan spirakel, yaitu lubang tempat masuk dan keluarnya udara. Trakea memungkinkan difusi oksigen, karbon dioksida dan juga uap air pada hewan.

Contoh hewan yang bernapas dengan menggunakan trakea adalah serangga (seperti lebah, nyamuk, semut, kupu-kupu, belalang, juga kumbang), lipan, dan arachnida (seperti laba-laba, kalajengking, tungau, juga kutu).

Baca juga: Spirakel: Organ Penapasan pada Serangga Maxbet Alternatif

Kulit

Alat perapasan yang digunakan hewan selanjutnya adalah kulit. Dilansir dari Sciencing, hewan yang bernapas dengan kulit memiliki kulit lembap, bersifat permeabel, dan memiliki pembuluh darah kapiler di dekat permukaan kulitnya.

Udara dapat masuk melalui kulit, kemudian oksigen akan masuk ke dalam kapiler dan disebarkan ke seluruhjaringan tubuh.

Contoh hewan yang menggunakan kulit sebagai alat pernapasan adalah katak, kodok, salamander, dan cacing tanah.

Jenis Anjing Yang Cocok di Pelihara di Rumah
Jenis Anjing Yang Cocok di Pelihara di Rumah

Jenis Anjing Yang Cocok di Pelihara di Rumah – Anjing adalah hewan peliharaan yang paling populer di dunia. Selain menjadi teman setia dan penjaga rumah yang baik, jenis anjing yang tepat dengan kepribadian kamu bahkan bisa memberikan kebahagiaan dan kesenangan. Tak heran kalau hewan ini menjadi hewan favorit untuk dipelihara selain kucing. Jika kamu ingin memelihara anjing tapi masih bingung memilih jenisnya, berikut beberapa jenis anjing yang bisa kamu pertimbangkan!

Anjing yang menjadi penghuni apartemen terbaik Situs Judi Slot Deposit 10 Ribu adalah ras yang umumnya pendiam dan memiliki energi rendah hingga sedang. Anjing yang lebih kecil cenderung lebih cocok di apartemen atau rumah kecil, meskipun beberapa ras anjing kecil cenderung ceria dan terlalu berisik untuk rumah yang memiliki tetangga dekat. Berikut beberapa ras anjing yang cocok dipelihara di apartemen dan rumah kecil.

Beberapa Jenis Anjing Yang Cocok di Pelihara di Rumah

Anjing adalah salah satu hewan peliharaan favorit banyak orang. Tak hanya karena menggemaskan saja, akan tetapi anjing juga bisa Anda jadikan sebagai teman baik, setia, dan juga bisa menjadi pelindung. Terdapat banyak sekali jenis anjing yang bisa Anda pelihara, baik itu dari ras yang kecil sampai besar.

Baca juga:

Dengan banyaknya jenis anjing, tentunya setiap anjing mempunyai ciri khas dan karakteristik yang berbeda-beda. Memiliki anjing sudah menjadi suatu hobi yang banyak digeluti oleh sejumlah masyarakat di Indonesia. Bahkan, tak jarang anjing juga sudah dianggap dalam bagian keluarga. Oleh karenanya dalam perawatan dan pemeliharaannya tidak boleh main-main. Anjing menjadi binatang peliharaan favorit karena sifatnya yang apa adanya. Tidak menuntut majikan untuk memberikan perawatan macam-macam. Sehingga menjadi populer selain kucing.

Macam-macam jenis anjing telah berkembang dan tersebar di seluruh dunia. Bagi kamu yang ingin memelihara anjing, kamu mungkin perlu mengetahui macam-macam jenis anjing peliharaan. Tiap macam-macam jenis anjing ini punyak keunikan tersendiri. Macam-macam jenis anjing ini bisa kamu jadikan pertimbangan anjing mana yang ingin kamu rawat. Macam-macam jenis anjing ini terdiri dari jenis anjing berukuran kecil hingga besar.

Adapun diantaranya:

  • Pomeranian
  • French bulldog
  • Pug
  • Corgi
  • Shih tzu
Daftar Hewan yang Mengalami Metamorfosis Sempurna dan Tidak Sempurna
Daftar Hewan yang Metamorfosis Sempurna dan Tidak Sempurna

Metamorfosis adalah transformasi atau perubahan bentuk yang terjadi pada beberapa jenis hewan, utamanya adalah kelompok serangga.

Salah satu hewan yang melalui proses metamorfosis adalah kupu-kupu. Serangga dengan sayap berwarna-warni ini melalui metamorfosis sempurna dengan empat tahapan metamorfosis.

Tahapan metamorfosis sempurna yang dilalui kupu-kupu adalah telur, larva, pupa, dan kupu-kupu dewasa.

Perlu diketahui bahwa metamorfosis tidak hanya terjadi pada serangga. Beberapa hewan lain, seperti katak, juga mengalami proses metamorfosis.

Jenis metamorfosis

Ada dua jenis metamorfosis, yakni metamorfosis sempurna dan metamorfosis tidak sempurna.

Baca juga: Kenapa Sayap Kupu-kupu Lebih Besar dari Badan? Ahli Temukan Jawabannya

Metamorfosis sempurna adalah proses transformasi yang melalui empat tahap, sebagaimana metamorfosis yang dialami kupu-kupu.

Dilansir dari National Geographic, 11 Agustus 2020, hal lain yang menonjol dari metamorfosis sempurna adalah perbedaan penampilan dan perilaku larva dan hewan dewasa.

Kemudian, metamorfosis tidak sempurna atau metamorfosis sederhana adalah proses transformasi yang hanya melalui tiga tahap, yakni telur, larva atau nimfa, dan dewasa atau imago.

Dilansir dari Ask Biologist Arizona State University, berikut adalah daftar hewan yang mengalami metamorfosis sempurna dan metamorfosis tidak sempurna.

Baca juga: Serangga Bantu Penyerbukan Sejak 47 Juta Tahun Lalu, Ini Buktinya

Metamorfosis sempurna

1. Kumbang

2. Lalat

3. Semut

4. Lebah

5. Kupu-kupu

6. Ngengat

7. Kutu

8. Lacewing

Metamorfosis tidak sempurna

1. Kutu daun

2. Jangkrik

3. Belalang

4. Belalang sembah

5. Kecoak

6. Rayap

7. Capung

8. Kutu rambut

Baca juga: Usai Bunuh Mangsa, Serangga Ini Gunakan Korbannya untuk Aksesoris

Proses metamorfosis pada serangga

Hampir semua serangga bermula dari telur yang kemudian menetas menjadi larva. Ulat merupakan larva yang berukuran kecil dan berbentuk seperti cacing.

Tugas utama larva adalah tumbuh dan berganti kulit, yakni suatu proses yang dipicu oleh hormon.

Pada serangga yang mengalami metamorfosis tidak sempurna, larva disebut dengan nimfa.
Nimfa biasanya memakan makanan yang sama dengan serangga dewasa dan bergerak dengan cara yang sama.

Hanya saja, nimfa masih harus melalui banyak proses pergantian kulit hingga tumbuh menjadi serangga dewasa.

Larva yang akan bermetamorfosis sempurna berubah menjadi pupa. Dalam beberapa kasus, pupa akan mengurung diri di dalam kepompong yang keras, seperti yang dibuat kupu-kupu dan ngengat.

Baca juga: Khawatirkan Kiamat Serangga, Ini Sbobet Langkah Ahli untuk Selamatkan Populasi

Adapun setiap hewan yang bermetamorfosis akan membuat kepompong dengan cara yang berbeda-beda.

Setelah keluar dari kepompong, serangga akan mulai menjalani kehidupannya di tahap dewasa.

Umumnya, serangga dewasa tidak berumur panjang. Misalnya, capung hanya hidup sekitar satu bulan, namun sebelumnya ia menghabiskan waktu sebagai larva selama tiga tahun.

Banyak serangga, seperti kunang-kunang dan lalat bangau, tidak makan sama sekali selama masa dewasa.

Mereka memilih menghabiskan masa dewasanya yang singkat dan berharga untuk mencari pasangan.

Contoh Nama Hewan Berkaki Dua
Contoh Nama Hewan Berkaki Dua

Hewan adalah makhluk hidup yang dapat bergerak dengan bebas. Beberapa hewan memiliki dua kaki untuk dapat bergerak. Hewan apa saja yang berkaki dua?

Contoh nama hewan berkaki dua adalah semua jenis burung, aves (seperti ayam, bebek, dan angsa), primata (seperti owa, gorilla, dan orang utan), kanguru, tenggiling, beruang, dan panda.

Burung

Dilansir dari The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, burung memiliki dua kaki yang kuat untuk menopang seluruh berat tubuhnya. Semua burung memiliki dua kaki. Maka, contoh burung yang memiliki dua kaki adalah:

  • Beo
  • Emu
  • Elang
  • Walet
  • Gagak
  • Merak
  • Camar
  • Condor
  • Bulbul
  • Parkit
  • Kenari
  • Kolibri
  • Pelikan
  • Bangau
  • Kasuari
  • Pelatuk
  • Penguin
  • Kakaktua
  • Merpati
  • Flamingo
  • Rangkong
  • Burung unta
  • Burung nasar
  • Burung hantu
  • Cenderawasih

Baca juga: Klasifikasi Aves dan Contohnya

Selain burung, hewan anggota aves lainnya termasuk ke dalam hewan berkaki dua yaitu:

  • Itik
  • Ayam
  • Angsa
  • Bebek
  • Kalkun
  • Ayam hutan
  • Burung puyuh

Primata

Walaupun kerap terlihat merangkak, primata tidak memiliki empat kaki. Dilansir dari Study, primata adalah hewan berkaki dua dan bertangan dua.

Biasanya, kaki primata lebih pendek daripada tangannya. Contoh primata yang termasuk hewan berkaki dua adalah:

  • Owa
  • Gorila
  • Babon
  • Lemur
  • Tarsius
  • Monyet
  • Tamarin
  • Simpanse
  • Bekantan
  • Marmoset
  • Orang utan

Baca juga: Jenis Hewan Mamalia

Kanguru

Contoh hewan berkaki dua selanjutnya adalah kanguru. Kanguru memiliki dua kaki yang sangat kuat, namun memiliki tangan yang kecil.

Dilansir dari National Audubon Society, kaki kanguru tiga kali lebih panjang daripada lengannya.

Tenggiling

Tenggiling adalah contoh hewan berkaki dua. Tenggiling adalah salah satu mamalia yang bertelur (ovipar) selain platipus.

Tenggiling memiliki dua kaki dan dua tangan. Tenggiling juga berjalan dengan dua kaki karena tangannya memiliki cakar panjang dan tajam untuk menggali yang sulit digunakan untuk berjalan.

Baca juga: Contoh Hewan Ovipar dan Ciri-Cirinya Roulette

Beruang

Contoh hewan berkaki dua selanjutnya adalah beruang. Semua spesies beruang memiliki dua kaki dan dua tangan. Namun, mereka kerap berjalan dengan kaki dan tangannya.

Contoh beruang yang berkaki dua adalah:

  • Panda
  • Beruang madu
  • Beruang sloth
  • Beruang kutub
  • Beruang hitam Asia
  • Beruang hitam Amerika
  • Beruang cokelat besar (grizzly)
Daftar Hewan yang Mengalami Metamorfosis Sempurna dan Tidak Sempurna

Metamorfosis adalah transformasi atau perubahan bentuk yang terjadi pada beberapa jenis hewan, utamanya adalah kelompok serangga.

Salah satu hewan yang melalui proses metamorfosis adalah kupu-kupu. Serangga dengan sayap berwarna-warni ini melalui metamorfosis sempurna dengan empat tahapan metamorfosis.

Tahapan metamorfosis sempurna yang dilalui kupu-kupu adalah telur, larva, pupa, dan kupu-kupu dewasa.

Perlu diketahui bahwa metamorfosis tidak hanya terjadi pada serangga. Beberapa hewan lain, seperti katak, juga mengalami proses metamorfosis.

Jenis metamorfosis

Ada dua jenis metamorfosis, yakni metamorfosis sempurna dan metamorfosis tidak sempurna.

Baca juga: Kenapa Sayap Kupu-kupu Lebih Besar dari Badan? Ahli Temukan Jawabannya

Metamorfosis sempurna adalah proses transformasi yang melalui empat tahap, sebagaimana metamorfosis yang dialami kupu-kupu.

Dilansir dari National Geographic, 11 Agustus 2020, hal lain yang menonjol dari metamorfosis sempurna adalah perbedaan penampilan dan perilaku larva dan hewan dewasa.

Kemudian, metamorfosis tidak sempurna atau metamorfosis sederhana adalah proses transformasi yang hanya melalui tiga tahap, yakni telur, larva atau nimfa, dan dewasa atau imago.

Dilansir dari Ask Biologist Arizona State University, berikut adalah daftar hewan yang mengalami metamorfosis sempurna dan metamorfosis tidak sempurna.

Baca juga: Serangga Bantu Penyerbukan Sejak 47 Juta Tahun Lalu, Ini Buktinya Sicbo Online

Metamorfosis sempurna

1. Kumbang

2. Lalat

3. Semut

4. Lebah

5. Kupu-kupu

6. Ngengat

7. Kutu

8. Lacewing

Metamorfosis tidak sempurna

1. Kutu daun

2. Jangkrik

3. Belalang

4. Belalang sembah

5. Kecoak

6. Rayap

7. Capung

8. Kutu rambut

Baca juga: Usai Bunuh Mangsa, Serangga Ini Gunakan Korbannya untuk Aksesoris

Proses metamorfosis pada serangga

Hampir semua serangga bermula dari telur yang kemudian menetas menjadi larva. Ulat merupakan larva yang berukuran kecil dan berbentuk seperti cacing.

Tugas utama larva adalah tumbuh dan berganti kulit, yakni suatu proses yang dipicu oleh hormon.

Pada serangga yang mengalami metamorfosis tidak sempurna, larva disebut dengan nimfa.
Nimfa biasanya memakan makanan yang sama dengan serangga dewasa dan bergerak dengan cara yang sama.

Hanya saja, nimfa masih harus melalui banyak proses pergantian kulit hingga tumbuh menjadi serangga dewasa.

Larva yang akan bermetamorfosis sempurna berubah menjadi pupa. Dalam beberapa kasus, pupa akan mengurung diri di dalam kepompong yang keras, seperti yang dibuat kupu-kupu dan ngengat.

Baca juga: Khawatirkan Kiamat Serangga, Ini Langkah Ahli untuk Selamatkan Populasi

Adapun setiap hewan yang bermetamorfosis akan membuat kepompong dengan cara yang berbeda-beda.

Setelah keluar dari kepompong, serangga akan mulai menjalani kehidupannya di tahap dewasa.

Umumnya, serangga dewasa tidak berumur panjang. Misalnya, capung hanya hidup sekitar satu bulan, namun sebelumnya ia menghabiskan waktu sebagai larva selama tiga tahun.

Banyak serangga, seperti kunang-kunang dan lalat bangau, tidak makan sama sekali selama masa dewasa.

Mereka memilih menghabiskan masa dewasanya yang singkat dan berharga untuk mencari pasangan.

Anatomi Tubuh Mengenal Sistem-Sistem Organ Manusia
Anatomi Tubuh : Mengenal Sistem-Sistem Organ Manusia

Sistem-Sistem Organ Manusia – Anatomi tubuh manusia adalah ilmu yang mempelajari struktur tubuh manusia. Anatomi tubuh manusia tersusun atas sel, jaringan, organ, dan sistem organ. Sistem organ merupakan bagian yang menyusun tubuh manusia. Sistem ini terdiri atas berbagai jenis organ, yang memiliki struktur dan fungsi yang khusus. Sistem organ memiliki struktur dan fungsi yang khas. Masing-masing sistem organ saling tergantung satu sama lain, baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung.

Tubuh manusia didukung oleh sistem rangka, yang terdiri dari 206 tulang yang dihubungkan oleh tendon, ligamen, dan tulang rawan. Tulang ini disusun oleh kerangka aksial dan kerangka apendikular.

Kerangka aksial terdiri dari 80 tulang yang terletak di sepanjang sumbu tubuh manusia. Kerangka aksial terdiri dari tengkorak, tulang telinga tengah, tulang hyoid, tulang rusuk, dan tulang belakang.

Kerangka apendikular terdiri dari 126 tulang yang merupakan tulang-tulang pelengkap yang menghubungkan kerangka aksial. Kerangka apendikular terletak di daerah tungkai atas, tungkai bawah, panggul, dan bahu.

Fungsi sistem rangka untuk bergerak, menopang dan memberikan bentuk tubuh, melindungi organ-organ dalam, serta sebagai tempat melekatnya otot-otot.

Sistem otot terdiri dari sekitar 650 otot yang membantu pergerakan, aliran darah, dan fungsi tubuh lainnya.

Ada tiga jenis otot yaitu otot rangka yang terhubung situs slot bet 100 dengan tulang, otot polos yang ditemukan di dalam organ pencernaan, dan otot jantung yang ditemukan di jantung dan membantu memompa darah.

Sistem peredaran darah terdiri dari jantung, pembuluh darah, dan sekitar 5 liter darah yang dibawa oleh pembuluh darah. Sistem peredaran darah didukung oleh jantung, yang hanya seukuran kepalan tangan tertutup. Bahkan pada saat istirahat, rata-rata jantung dengan mudah memompa lebih dari 5 liter darah ke seluruh tubuh setiap menitnya.

Sistem-Sistem Organ Manusia

Sistem pencernaan adalah sekelompok organ yang bekerja untuk menerima makanan, mengubah dan memproses makanan menjadi energi, menyerap zat gizi yang terdapat pada makanan ke aliran darah, serta membuang sisa makanan yang tersisa atau tidak dapat dicerna oleh tubuh.

Makanan melewati saluran pencernaan yang terdiri dari rongga mulut, faring (tenggorokan), laring (kerongkongan), lambung, usus halus, usus besar, dan berakhir di anus.

Baca juga: Fakta Menarik Hewan Melata Yang Jarang Orang Ketahui

Selain saluran pencernaan, ada beberapa organ aksesori penting dalam anatomi tubuh manusia yang membantu mencerna makanan. Organ aksesori dari sistem pencernaan meliputi gigi, lidah, kelenjar ludah, hati, kantong empedu, dan pankreas.

Sistem endokrin terdiri dari beberapa kelenjar yang mengeluarkan hormon ke dalam darah. Kelenjar-kelenjar ini termasuk hipotalamus, kelenjar pituitari, kelenjar pineal, kelenjar tiroid, kelenjar paratiroid, kelenjar adrenal, pankreas, dan kelenjar kelamin (gonad).

Kelenjar dikendalikan secara langsung oleh rangsangan dari sistem saraf dan juga oleh reseptor kimiawi dalam darah dan hormon yang diproduksi oleh kelenjar lain.

Dengan mengatur fungsi organ dalam tubuh, kelenjar ini membantu menjaga homeostasis tubuh. Metabolisme seluler, reproduksi, perkembangan seksual, homeostasis gula dan mineral, denyut jantung, dan pencernaan merupakan salah satu dari banyak proses yang diatur oleh hormon.

Fakta Menarik Hewan Melata Yang Jarang Orang Ketahui

Fakta Menarik Hewan Melata – Reptil adalah jenis hewan yang tergabung dalam kelas Reptilia. Kamu pasti bisa menyebutkan hewan-hewan yang termasuk reptil, yaitu ular, buaya, kadal, dan kura-kura. Keempat jenis hewan itu sangat umum dan kemungkinan besar sudah pernah kamu lihat.

Reptil adalah jenis hewan yang sudah menghuni bumi ini sejak zaman purba. Laman Britannica menyebut bahwa reptil pertama kali Slot Gacor muncul ke bumi sekitar 312 hingga 307 juta tahun lalu. Itu ratusan juta tahun sebelum kemunculan pertama mamalia dan burung. Sejak kemunculannya, reptil terus berkembang hingga akhirnya bisa jadi penguasa bumi.

Dilansir Live Science, periode reptil menguasai bumi terjadi sekitar 252 hingga 66 juta tahun lalu. Periode tersebut dinamakan era Mesozoikum, atau biasa dikenal sebagai ‘zaman reptil’ atau ‘zaman Dinosaurus’. Berbagai macam Dinosaurus yang kita kenal sekarang hidup pada masa tersebut.

Bukan hanya Dinosaurus, pada masa itu hidup pula reptil penguasa lautan yaitu Plesiosaurus, Ichthyosaurus, serta Mosasaurus. Sementara di langit, berkuasa reptil terbang yang disebut Pterosaurus. Saat ini sendiri hanya ada reptil yang hidup di darat dan laut, sedangkan reptil yang bisa terbang sudah tidak ada lagi.

Fakta Menarik Hewan Melata Unik dan Bikin Kalian Penasaran

Sebagai spesies biawak terbesar yang hanya ada di Indonesia, banyak orang dari berbagai daerah maupun luar negeri datang ke Pulau Komodo untuk melihat langsung kehidupan hewan liat tersebut.

Walaupun eksistensinya telah mencapai level dunia, sejumlah fakta unik tentang komodo mungkin saja belum diketahui banyak orang.

Wakil Gubernur Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Josef Nae Soi mengatakan bahwa di Pulau Komodo tidak hanya dihuni oleh komodo, melainkan ada beragam tumbuhan juga hewan-hewan lain.

Terdapat empat kelompok utama hewan reptil, yakni penyu dan kura-kura, kadal dan ular, buaya dan aligator, serta tuatara. Beberapa jenis hewan reptil menghabiskan sebagian besar waktunya di air, namun ada pula yang menghabiskan waktunya di darat.

Baca juga: Peraturan Memelihara Hewan Liar Dilindungi

Reproduksi hewan reptil bergantung pada suhu. Suhu tanah sangat penting untuk penetasan telur reptil. Hewan reptil yang masih muda dapat berjalan dan berenang dalam waktu beberapa jam setelah lahir.

Ular adalah salah satu hewan menarik yang hadir dalam berbagai macam bentuk, ukuran dan warna. Ular adalah bagian penting dari dunia alam dan hewan ini dapat ditemukan di hampir setiap sudut dunia. Ular adalah hewan reptil dengan memiliki banyak fakta menarik tentangnya yang mungkin tidak Anda ketahui.

Peraturan Memelihara Hewan Liar Dilindungi
Peraturan Memelihara Hewan Liar Dilindungi

Setiap orang dilarang memelihara hewan yang dilindungi kecuali terdapat izin resminya.

Indonesia memiliki peraturan Baccarat Online terkait dengan larangan memiliki hewan atau satwa liar yang dilindungi.

Larangan Memelihara Satwa atau Hewan Liar Dilindungi

Undang – Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistemnya menyebutkan adanya larangan memelihara satwa atau hewan liar dilindungi yang diatur dalam pasal berikut.

Pasal 21 ayat 2

Setiap orang dilarang untuk :

  1. menangkap, melukai, membunuh, menyimpan, memiliki, memelihara, mengangkut, dan memperniagakan satwa yang dilindungi dalam keadaan hidup;
  2. menyimpan, memiliki, memelihara, mengangkut, dan meperniagakan satwa yang dilindungi dalam keadaan mati;
  3. mengeluarkan satwa yang dilindungi dari suatu tempat di Indonesia ke tempat lain di dalam atau di luar Indonesia;
  4. memperniagakan, menyimpan atau memiliki kulit, tubuh atau bagian-bagian lain satwa yang dilindungi atau barang-barang yang dibuat dari bagian-bagian satwa tersebut atau mengeluarkannya dari suatu tempat di Indonesia ke tempat lain di dalam atau di luar Indonesia;
  5. mengambil, merusak, memusnahkan, memperniagakan, menyimpan atau memiliki telur dan/atau sarang satwa yang dilindungi.

Sanksi Pidana

Pasal 40 ayat 2

Barangsiapa dengan sengaja melakukan pelanggaran terhadap ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 21 ayat (1) dan ayat (2) serta Pasal 33 ayat (3) dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 5 (lima) tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp 100.000.000,00 (seratusjuta rupiah).

Pasal 40 ayat 4

Barangsiapa karena kelalaiannya melakukan pelanggaran terhadap ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pasal 21 ayat (1) dan ayat (2) serta Pasal 33 ayat (3) dipidana dengan pidana kurungan paling lama 1 (satu) tahun dan denda paling banyak Rp 50.000.000,00 (lima puluh juta rupiah).

Baca juga: Satwa Langka Bukan Barang Ekonomi

Izin Penangkaran

Terdapat pengecualian jika seseorang atau badan sudah mengantongi izin dari Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam (BKSDA) maka penangkaran bisa dilakukan.

Terkait dengan izin penangkaran diatur dalam Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan nomor 19 tahun 2005 tentang Penangkaran Tumbuhan dan Satwa Liar.

Pasal 74 ayat 1

Izin penangkaran tumbuhan dan satwa liar dapat diberikan kepada:

  1. Perorangan;
  2. Koperasi;
  3. Badan Hukum;
  4. Lembaga Konservasi

Syarat Izin Penangkaran 

Melansir dari situs pemerintah indonesia.go.id, ada sejumlah syarat yang harus dipenuhi bila hendak memelihara hewan atau satwa liar yang dilindungi, sebagai berikut:

  • Hewan langka yang dimanfaatkan untuk peliharaan atau diperjualbelikan harus didapatkan dari penangkaran, bukan dari alam.
  • Hewan langka yang boleh dimanfaatkan dari penangkaran merupakan kategori F2. Kategori ini merupakan hewan generasi ketiga yang dihasilkan dari penangkaran. Dengan kata lain, hanya cucu dari generasi pertama di tempat penangkaran yang bisa dipelihara atau diperjualbelikan.
  • Hewan langka yang legal untuk dimanfaatkan setelah ditangkarkan hanya hewan dengan kategori Appendix 2. Hewan langka kategori Appendix 2 adalah hewan langka yang dilindungi di alamnya. Tidak boleh diambil dan dijual apabila keturunan hewan langka langsung dari alam. Namun, apabila sudah ditangkarkan, maka keturunan generasi ketiga atau F2-nya boleh dimanfaatkan. Contohnya: Elang, alap-alap, buaya muara, jalak bali.
  • Sedangkan hewan langka kategori Appendix 1, walau sudah ditangkarkan, tetap tidak boleh dimanfaatkan untuk apapun karena harus dikonservasi. Hewan langka Appendix 1 adalah hewan langka yang jumlahnya kurang dari 800 ekor di alam. Meski sudah ditangkarkan, hewan ini tidak boleh dimanfaatkan untuk apapun dan harus tetap kembali ke kawasan konservasi. Contohnya: Anoa, badak bercula satu, harimau sumatera, macan dahan, serta orangutan.
Bukan Hanya Cheetah
Bukan Hanya Cheetah, Ini 8 Hewan Paling Cepat di Dunia

Bukan Hanya Cheetah – Cheetah kerap kali dianggap sebagai hewan tercepat di dunia. Pasalnya, Cheetah diperkirakan mampu berlari hingga mendekati 113 kilometer (km) per jam.

Hal itu mengingat cheetah punya kombinasi kaki panjang, ukuran otot, serta langkah yang panjang. Selain itu, cheetah memiliki ukuran tubuh yang relatif sedang, sehingga mendukungnya untuk berlari cepat.

Namun, rupanya ada beberapa hewan yang memiliki kecepatan melebihi cheetah. Bahkan, melansir dari Live Science, kecepatannya mampu melampaui 300 kilometer/jam (km/jam). Berikut ini daftarnya:

1. Elang Alap-alap Kawah – 354 Km/Jam

Elang alap-alap kawah atau Slot Bonus peregrine falcon menjadi hewan tercepat di duna lantaran mampu melaju hingga 321 km/jam. Hewan ini dapat bermigrasi hingga 25.000 km dalam perjalanan pulang-pergi.

Burung ini memiliki sayap yang runcing. Alhasil, bisa mengurangi jumlah hambatan dari udara dan membantunya terbang dengan cepat.

2. Elang Emas – 322 Km/Jam

Hewan ini mampu terbang hingga 322 km/jam saat menukik untuk mencari mangsa. Elang emas adalah salah satu burung terbesar di Amerika Utara.

Panjang sayapnya jika dibentangkan bisa mencapai 220 meter. Walaupun ukuran tubuhnya besar, burung ini tetap bisa terbang dengan cepat.

3. Kapinis-jarum Asia – 169 Km/Jam

Burung Kapinis-jarum Asia dapat terbang dengan kecepatan mencapai 169 kilometer/jam. Kapinis-jarum Asia merupakan spesies burung dari keluarga Apodidae dan genus hirundapus.

Kapinis-jarum Asia berbiak di wilayah Asia Utara, Cina, dan Himalaya. Sementara, burung yang memiliki habitat di hutan terbuka ini kerap bermigrasi ke Indonesia, Australia, dan Selandia Baru.

4. Kelelawar Berekor Bebas Brasil – 160 Km/Jam

Jenis kelelawar ini memiliki kecepatan terbang mencapai 160 km/jam. Kelelawar berekor bebas Brasil dapat ditemukan di Amerika Utara dan Selatan. Mereka memiliki panjang sekitar 3,5 inci dan berat antara 0,25 ons hingga 0,42 ons.

5. Marlin Hitam – 129 Km/Jam

Selain di darat dan udara, hewan tercepat di dunia juga berada di air. Menurut Brittanica, marlin hitam dapat berenang dengan kecepatan hingga 129 kilometer per jam.

Ikan ini di kenal memiliki ukuran yang besar dan agresif. Marlin hitam merupakan makhluk soliter yang akan berenang secara berpasangan. Jarang sekali di temukan ikan ini berkumpul dengan kawanannya.

6. Cheetah – 112 Km/Jam

Cheetah merupakan hewan yang biasa berburu mangsa menggunakan kecepatan. Kecepatan berlari cheetah mencapai 113 km/jam.

Walau dapat berlari sangat cepat, cheetah hanya mampu mempertahankan lajunya untuk jarak pendek. Butuh waktu hingga 30 menit bagi cheetah untuk mengumpulkan kembali staminanya untuk kembali berlari cepat.

7. Ikan Layaran – 110 Km/Jam

Ikann layaran berada di urutan berikutnya dengan kecepatan berenang hingga 110 km/jam. Ikan ini biasa hidup di perairan hangat di seluruh samudera.

Ikann layaran memiliki ciri khas, yaitu sayapnya yang berwarna biru keabu-abuan. Ikan ini juga memiliki sirip di punggung dan moncong yang cukup panjang.

8. Ikan Todak – 100 Km/Jam

Hewan ini menempati urutan kedelapan karena mampu berenang hingga kecepatan 100 km/jam. Ikan todak memiliki paruh panjang dan pipih yang terlihat seperti pedang.

Sirip punggung pertama di bagian belakang berbentuk bulan sabit dan tinggi. Sedangkan, sirip punggung keduanya jauh lebih keci

7 Hewan Melata
7 Hewan Melata Paling Mematikan di Dunia

7 Hewan Melata – Hewan melata paling mematikan tersebar hampir di seluruh negara. Mereka kebanyakan hidup di hutan alami dan memiliki racun mematikan untuk bertahan hidup di habitat mereka.

Hewan melata adalah salah satu yang paling ditakuti karena beberapa dari jenis ini termasuk binatang paling mematikan di bumi.

Perlu dipahami juga bahwa tidak ada hewan yang secara alami kejam atau jahat. Mereka hanya mencoba untuk bertahan hidup dengan berburu makanan atau bertahan melawan pemangsa yang mendekatinya.

Jika manusia bertemu hewan-hewan ini, lebih baik menghindar agar mamalia ini tidak merasa terancam dan balik menyerang Anda. Berikut 7 hewan melata paling berbahaya di dunia yang dikutip dari situs Animal Wised:

1. King Cobra

King Cobra memiliki racun yang kuat yang digunakan untuk melumpuhkan mangsanya sebelum menelannya. Ini adalah Roulette Online salah satu ular paling beracun di dunia, racunnya kompleks dan memiliki aksi kardiotoksik dan neurotik yang sangat cepat.

Begitu mangsanya terkena racun king cobra, secara langsung akan mempengaruhi kerja jantung dan sistem saraf pusat. Penerima pertama-tama lumpuh, diikuti dengan penghentian semua fungsi tubuh secara stabil.

King kobra berasal dari Asia Tenggara, India, dan Cina Selatan. Tubuhnya bisa berukuran panjang melebihi 5 meter dan dianggap sebagai ular berbisa terbesar.

2. Ular Taipan

Ular ini berasal dari genus ular taipan, di mana taipan pedalaman (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) adalah ular paling berbisa di dunia. Mereka berasal dari Oseania dan mereka bersaing untuk posisi paling berbahaya dengan King Cobra.

Ular Taipan pedalaman di anggap paling beracun dari segala jenins ular karena bisanya 400 kali lebih mematikan daripada ular derik. Taipan pedalaman mendiami daerah pedalaman Australia.

3. Viper Russell

The Russell’s viper kadang-kadang di kenal sebagai chain viper. Sebanarnya ular ini tidak menggangu manusia, namun ketika merasa di serang ular ini akan sangat berbahaya dan agresif.

Ular berbisa ini berasal dari India, Taiwan, Cina selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Meskipun ukurannya kecil, sekitar 1 meter hingga 1,5 meter, ular beludak ini menonjol karena kekuatan, kelincahan, dan kekokohannya.

Beberapa ciri yang membedakannya dari ular lain adalah lubang hidungnya yang besar, moncong yang bengkok, kepala berbentuk segitiga dan sisik yang menonjol di bagian depan wajahnya.

4. Black Mamba

Berasal dari benua Afrika, mamba hitam juga merupakan salah satu hewan paling beracun di dunia dan mungkin yang paling mematikan. Meskipun kulit mereka berwarna hijau zaitun atau abu-abu, mereka mendapatkan nama mereka dari bagian dalam mulut mereka yang benar-benar hitam.

Ini adalah ular besar dengan panjang hingga empat meter, tetapi meskipun ukurannya besar, mereka memiliki kelincahan yang ekstrem. Ini adalah ular yang paling di takuti oleh penduduk Afrika, sebagian karena di kenal sebagai ular teritorial. Ini berarti mereka bisa sangat menakutkan ketika terpojok, meskipun, seperti kebanyakan ular, mereka tidak mencari masalah dengan manusia.

Saat menyerang mereka akan memberikan serangan berulang yang menghasilkan banyak racun yang sangat kuat. Dengan racun paling mematikan kedua di dunia, ukuran besar dan agresivitas mereka, alasan untuk di anggap sebagai ular paling mematikan.

Dampak dari racun ular ini sangat mematikan dengan prosentase 100% jika tidak di obati, tetapi banyak juga yang tidak tertolong nyawanya meski telah mendapat pertolongan medis.

Racun mereka begitu kuat dan dalam jumlah besar sehingga mereka person mungkin membutuhkan hingga 30 botol antivenom untuk bertahan hidup. Kematian dapat terjadi setelah 15 menit setelah menerima gigitan.

5. Buaya Air Asin

Buaya air asin, juga di kenal sebagai buaya laut, adalah reptil terbesar yang di ketahui hidup saat ini. Jantan dewasa dapat mencapai panjang 7 meter dan berat hingga 1.500 kilogram. Betina berukuran sekitar setengah, tetapi mereka masih reptil besar.

Populasi mereka terutama tinggal di tanah berawa Australia, Indochina, Malaysia, Filipina, Indonesia, New Guinea, India, Sri Lanka dan Bangladesh. Namun, karena mereka perenang yang sangat baik, mereka dapat bertahan hidup di perairan terbuka dan di ketahui bermigrasi ke pantai Polinesia Prancis dan Kepulauan Solomon.

Di habitatnya, buaya ini adalah predator super dengan gigitan terkuat dari semua reptil dan tentu saja di seluruh kerajaan hewan. Pada umumnya, mereka berperilaku seperti pemburu oportunistik, mencari mangsa dengan bersembunyi dan menunggu datang.

6. Komodo

Komodo yang memiliki panjang hingga 3 meter termasuk mamalia yang paling mematikan. Mereka adalah spesies kadal terbesar yang menjadi hewan endemik pulau-pulau vulkanik di Indonesia.

Komodo adalah predator par excellence dan berada di puncak rantai makanan di habitat aslinya. Teknik berburu mereka terdiri dari melumpuhkan mangsanya dengan racun yang ada dalam air liur mereka.

Mereka kemudian menggunakan gigi tajam mereka untuk kemudian memberi makan. Racun itu tidak ada untuk membunuh mangsanya, tetapi untuk melumpuhkannya dan mencegah mereka melarikan diri.

Racun ini memiliki efek antikoagulan dan hipotensi. Artinya, racun menyebabkan darah korban menjadi lebih tipis dan meninggalkan tubuh lebih cepat, sementara tekanan darah turun dan tubuh berhenti berfungsi.

Keadaan syok ini mencegah pelarian. Efeknya pada darah, sampai baru-baru ini, di perkirakan di sebabkan oleh makanan lama yang ada di mulut. Makanan ini di duga mengembangbiakan bakteri dan mengakibatkan racun pada mangsanya.

Ini berarti bahwa komodo adalah ancaman yang sangat berbahaya. Namun, serangan komodo terhadap manusia relatif jarang terjadi. Namun, ketika mereka merasa terancam atau merasa ada penyusup di lingkungan mereka, reptil raksasa ini dapat menyerang untuk menjamin kelangsungan hidup mereka.

7. Black Caiman

Black Caiman adalah salah satu reptil terbesar di dunia. Caiman bukanlah aligator atau buaya, tetapi mereka berasal dari keluarga yang sangat mirip. Tubuh mereka bisa mencapai panjang 6 meter dan di kenal dengan warna gelapnya.

Mereka adalah spesies yang rentan, tetapi untungnya mereka tidak di buru sebanyak sebelumnya. Sayangnya, ini mungkin karena jenis caiman lain dan tandanya menjadi lebih populer.

Hewan besar ini berasal dari Amerika Selatan dan hidup terutama di perairan segar amazon. Seiring dengan hewan seperti jaguar dan anaconda, mereka di anggap sebagai predator puncak.

Selain pandai berenang, black caiman juga sangat pintar dan terampil dalam menyerang mangsanya. Mereka tak kenal lelah. Jika rahang mereka yang kuat menempel pada mangsa hampir tidak mungkin untuk melepaskannya. Ini menjadikan mereka salah satu reptil paling berbahaya di dunia, tetapi sangat di takuti di Amazon.

Hibernasi pada Hewan Pengertian, Fungsi, Proses, dan Perbedaannya dengan Tidur
Hibernasi pada Hewan: Pengertian, Fungsi, Proses, dan Perbedaannya dengan Tidur

Hibernasi adalah salah satu cara yang dilakukan oleh makhluk hidup tertentu. Hibernasi dilakukan untuk bertahan hidup pada musim dingin.

Tujuan lain dari hibernasi ini adalah supaya tidak harus mencari makanan pada saat musim dingin.

Selain itu, supaya tidak harus melakukan migrasi ke tempat yang lebih hangat juga menjadi salah satu alasan dalam melakukan hibernasi.

Melalui hibernasi, makhluk hidup tidak akan menggunakan metabolisme mereka dalam menghemat energi.

Selama proses hibernasi, beberapa bagian tubuh akan turun ke tingkat yang lebih rendah. Seperti detak jantung, suhu tubuh dan laju pernapasan.

Baca juga: Estivasi: Hibernasi pada Musim Panas Link Alternatif Ibcbet

Fungsi hibernasi

Fungsi dari hibernasi salah satunya adalah untuk menghemat energi. Energi yang ada di dalam untuk akan dihemat selama periode tertentu. Khususnya ketika tidak lagi tersedia makanan yang cukup untuk bertahan hidup.

Untuk mencapai sebuah penghematan energi tersebut, terjadilah proses endoterm. Endoterm adalah binatang atau hewan yang memiliki suhu badan yang tinggi, dan tetap serta tidak terpengaruh oleh suhu udara yang ada di sekitar lingkungannya.

Pada mulanya, proses endoterm ini akan menurunkan tingkat metabolisme terlebih dahulu.

Hal itu kemudian akan menghasilkan sebuah penurunan suhu tubuh. Proses hibernasi dapat terjadi dalam waktu tertentu. Seperti dalam beberapa hari, beberapa minggu bahkan beberapa bulan.

Lamanya proses hibernasi tergantung pada beberapa hal. Seperti apa spesiesnya, bagaimana suhu lingkungannya, bagaimana waktu tahun dan bagaimana kondisi tubuh dari hibernator itu sendiri.

Baca juga: Hewan-Hewan yang Tidur dengan Cara Unik

Proses hibernasi

Sebelum memasuki waktu hibernasi, pada hewan tersebut biasanya akan mengonsumsi makanan sebanyak-banyaknya.

Mereka akan menyimpan makanan tersebut selama hibernasi. Contohnya seperti yang dilakukan oleh beruang.

Hewan tersebut akan melakukan fase hibernasi untuk menyimpan cadangan lemak. Cadangan lemak tersebut akan disimpan di dalam tubuh mereka.

Hal itu akan membuat mereka dapat beradaptasi dalam menghadapi musim dingin, atau musim yang suhu iklimnya lebih rendah dari biasanya.

Dalam memperlambat metabolisme tubuh mereka, hewan akan mendinginkan tubuh menjadi rata-rata 5°C sampai 10°C.

Para hibernator menyukai rumah musim dingin yang tenang dan gelap. Beberapa lainnya akan pergi ke dalam gua atau ke bawah tanah.

Mereka mungkin akan melapisi tempat mereka melakukan hibernasi dengan beberapa hal. Seperti menggunakan rumput, rambut, atau bahan lainnya yang akan membuat mereka merasa nyaman. Tubuh para hibernator akan merespons kondisi cuaca.

Jika cuaca disekitar menjadi lebih dingin dari sebelumnya, maka para hewan akan bergerak untuk menaikkan suhu tubuhnya.

Sedangkan hewan yang tidak melakukan hal tersebut terancam mati. Suhu yang lebih hangat akan memberi tahu para hewan supaya keluar dari hibernasi.

Baca juga: Manfaat Sinar Matahari bagi Tumbuhan dan Hewan

Perbedaan hibernasi dan tidur

Hibernasi adalah hal yang berbeda dengan tidur. Banyak hewan yang menghemat energi di musim dingin. Mereka memilih untuk lebih banyak tidur.

Akan tetapi, hewan-hewan tersebut tidak benar-benar melakukan hibernasi. Ketika seekor hewan pergi tidur, suhu tubuhnya tidak turun terlalu banyak.

Selain itu, adanya kebisingan atau gangguan lainnya juga dapat membangunkan hewan yang sedang tidur.

Metabolisme hewan yang melakukan hibernasi akan melambat. Selain itu, suhu tubuh mereka akan menurun.

Hewan yang tergolong mamalia akan banyak makan di musim gugur dan musim panas. Mereka akan menyimpan lemak yang digunakan pada sepanjang musim dingin.

Meskipun hibernasi berbeda dengan tidur pada umumnya, hibernasi hanyalah salah satu dari banyaknya cara bagi hewan untuk tidur, istirahat dan bertahan hidup dari lingkungan sekitar.

14 Hewan Lucu
14 Hewan Lucu di Dunia yang Imut, Ada yang Hampir Punah!

14 Hewan Lucu  – Ada yang hidup di alam liar dan yang bisa jadi hewan peliharaan

Melihat hewan lucu merupakan salah satu cara asyik menghilangkan rasa penat karena bekerja seharian.

Moms yang suka melihat tingkah lucu dan menggemaskan hewan, simak artikel berikut ini yuk.

Ada hewan lucu yang hidup di alam liar, dan ada juga yang bisa jadi hewan peliharan di rumah.

Kenalkan pada Si Kecil, juga ya!

Kumpulan Hewan Lucu di Alam Liar

Seperti apa sih hewan lucu di alam liar? Liat kumpulan hewan liar lucu berikut ini yuk Moms.

1. Pika, Amerika Utara dan Asia

Pika merupakan mamalia penghuni gunung yang menggemaskan ini ditemukan di Amerika Utara dan beberapa bagian Asia.

Hewan lucu ini memiliki tubuh bulat dan pendek, anggota badan kekar, tampaknya lebih banyak berjalan daripada berjalan, dan diketahui membawa tandan kecil bunga untuk dibawa kembali ke liangnya untuk dimakan selama musim dingin.

Saat menyelam ke dalam rumahnya, ia sering membuat panggilan alarm bernada tinggi, membuatnya mendapat julukan ‘kelinci bersiul’. baca juga : slot bet kecil

2. Quoll, Australia dan New Guinea

Quoll merupakan hewan lucu yang berasal dari Australia dan New Guinea.

Hewan marsupial soliter ini aktif di malam hari dan menghabiskan sebagian besar hari di sarangnya.

Hal ini dapat diidentifikasi dengan bintik-bintik putih khas yang tersebar di mantel biasanya cokelat.

Sayangnya hewan ini telah punah dari daratan Australia selama 50 tahun hingga WWF mulai merehabilitasinya pada 2018.

3. Quokka, Australia Barat

Hewan asal Australia Barat ini sempat dijuluki sebagai hewan paling bahagia di dunia dan menjadi buruan para turis yang datang ke wilayah tersebut.

Sayangnya, saat ini Quokka sudah terancam punah karena kehilangan habitat aslinya karena campur tangan manusia. Yah, sedih ya.

4. Klipspringer, Afrika Timur dan Selatan

Hewan lucu ini sering disebut “pelompat batu” karena hampir setiap harinya dihabiskan dengan melompat di sekitar tebing yang ada di Afrika Timur dan Selatan sambil berkamuflase di pegunungan berkat bulunya yang keabu-abuan.

Klipspringer juga unik lho Moms, karena mereka bisa kawin seumur hidupnya dan berada sekitar lima meter dari pasangan saat sedang kawin.

5. Musang Jepang, Jepang

Hewan lucu yang berasal dari pulau-pulau Jepang Honshu, Kyūsh dan Shikoku, ini di kenal dengan nama Mustela itatsi.

Si musang Jepang ini sangat suka berburu di sepanjang sungai dan, di musim dingin, di bawah salju, mengejar tikus kecil.

Mantel bulu musang berubah menjadi putih selama bulan-bulan musim dingin, memungkinkannya untuk menyamarkan dirinya di salju.

6. Jerboa, Cina dan Mongolia

Jerboa memiliki telinga panjang dapat di temukan di padang rumput dan gurun antara Cina dan Mongolia.

Bentuknya sangat mirip dengan kelinco hanya saja ukurannya lebih kecil.

Hewan lucu ini memiliki panjang hanya sekitar 8cm, tetapi telinga besarnya membentuk sebagian besar panjang tubuhnya.

Ini memungkinkannya untuk mendengar pemangsa dengan sangat baik, dan melompat dengan kaki belakangnya yang kuat seperti kanguru mini.

7. Slow Loris, Asia Selatan dan Tenggara

Terlepas dari matanya yang besar dan penuh perasaan, tangan yang mungil dan gerakan yang sangat lambat, kukang atau loris lebih berbahaya daripada yang terlihat.

Slowr Loris merupan satu-satunya primata berbisa, ia memiliki gigitan beracun.

Jika terancam oleh pemangsa ia akan menjilat kelenjar di sikunya, dan minyak yang di keluarkan bercampur dengan air liurnya untuk menghasilkan racun.

Sementara lonjakan ketenaran telah mengancam kelangsungan hidup spesies dengan memicu perdagangan penjualan hewan sebagai hewan peliharaan.

Padahal, mereka sebaiknya dapat terus berkembang di alam liar.

8. Tupai Terbang Kecil Jepang, Jepang

Meskipun kedengarannya di buat-buat, tupai ini dapat di temukan menjulang di sekitar puncak hutan alpine di Jepang.

Hewan lucu nokturnal ini memiliki selaput kulit tipis di antara kaki depan dan belakangnya, yang memungkinkannya meluncur mulus di antara puncak pohon sepanjang malam.

9. Dik Dik, Afrika Timur

Dengan tinggi hingga 45 sentimeter dan berat maksimum 16 pon, hewan sejenis antelop ini semanis kedengarannya.

Nama Dik Dik berasal dari suara ‘dik dik’ berulang yang di buat oleh betina saat dia mendengus melalui lubang hidungnya yang berbentuk tabung dan berbentuk hati.

Hewan lucu di alam liar yang telah di sebutkan di atas, bukan hewan untuk di pelihara, ya Moms!

Namun, ada juga hewan lucu untuk di pelihara seperti kucing dan anjing pada umumnya.

Studi di Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine menjelaskan memiliki hewan peliharaan memberikan efek positif terhadap perlaku manusia dalam jangka panjang.

Bahkan studi di Canadian Medical Association Journal menjelaskan pemilik hewan peliharaan memiliki kesehatan jantung yang lebih baik di bandingkan yang tidak punya hewan peliharaan.

10. Kucing

Kucing merupakan salah satu hewan lucu yang cocok untuk di pelihara.

hewan ini memiliki banyak sifat yang di sukai oleh Moms karena kemudahan perawatan, kebersihan, dan kejenakaan yang menggemaskan.

Tak heran, kalau banyak keluarga memilih kucing sebagai hewan peliharaan di rumah ya Moms.

Burung Yang Hidup diIndonesia
Yuk Kenali Jenis Jenis Burung Yang Hidup diIndonesia

Burung Yang Hidup diIndonesia – Indonesia merupakan negara yang besar dengan keanegaragamaan hayati, mulai dari flora sampai dengan fauna yang tersebat hampir di seluruh wilayah. Jutaan fauna dapat kamu temui di sekitarmu salah satunya adalah burung, hewan yang populasinya termasuk tinggi.

Jumlah burung di seluruh dunia tercatat kurang lebih ada 50 miliar ekor walaupun jumlah pastinya tidak di ketahui karena sulit untuk menghitungnya secara akurat. Beberapa negara yang memiliki spesies burung terbanyak ada dari kawasan Amerika Selatan seperti Brasil, Bolivia, Ekuador, Peru, hingga Kolombia. Agen Sbobet

Berikut ini beberapa jenis Burung Yang Hidup diIndonesia dengan ciri khas dan keunikan tersendiri, beberapa di antaranya termasuk yang hampir punah

1. Burung Elang Jawa

Burung yang bernama latin spizaetus bertelsi merupakan burung yang termasuk ke dalam jenis burung elang dengan ukuran panjang tubuh mencapai 60 cm. Secara fisik, Elang Jawa berbadan tegap dan bulunya lebat dengan warna coklat menghiasi sepanjang tubuhnya namun sisi kepalanya di hiasi warna merah

Sekarang burung ini sudah sangat langka dan di lindungi pemerintah sehingga hanya boleh di pelihara di hutan koservasi atau hutan lindung. Tujuannya agar dapat berkembang biak secara alami sesuai dengan habitat aslinya dan tidak di salah gunakan untuk perdagangan gelap. Tercatat sampai sekarang jumlah Elang Jawa yang masih tersisa di Indonesia hanya ada 200 ekor saja.

2. Burung Cendrawasih

Burung Cendrawasih memiliki julukan “Bird of Paradise”, yang berarti burung dari surga. Bukan tanpa alasan julukan ini di berikan, sebab keindahannya memang tidak bisa di pungkiri seperti turun dari surga. Burung ini termasuk hewan endemik dari Indonesia karena asli pulau Papua dan oleh masyarakat sekitar, Cendrawasih di anggap sebagai titisan dari surga

3. Burung Jalak Bali

Sesuai dengan namanya, burung ini merupakan hewan asli dari Pulau Dewata. Oleh pemerintah, burung ini dijadikan sebagai maskot Pulau Bali dari tahun 1991 dan termasuk satwa endemik nusantara. Jalak Bali memiliki nama latin Leucopsar Rothschildi dengan keindahannya terletak pada bulu bulunya yang berwarna putih bersih menawan.

Burung Yang Hidup diIndonesia

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/contoh-hewan-herbivora-lengkap-dengan-penjelasannya/

4. Burung Murai Batu

Burung ini memiliki nama latin yaitu Copsychus Malabaricus dengan nama lain Kucica Hutan. Ciri khas burung ini ada pada kicauannya yang sangat merdu untuk di dengarkan. Namun dibalik itu semua, burung ini tidak bisa di anggap remeh karena jiwa petarungnya yang tinggi terutama dalam mempertahankan teritori wilayahnya

5. Burung Lovebird

Jenis burung ini merupakan yang populer dan menjadi tren oleh para kalangan pecinta burung, sebab banyak keunikan yang dimilikinya. Lovebird merupakan burung yang termasuk ke dalam spesies beo. Postur tubuhnya tergolong mungil. Di hiasi oleh bulu yang beraneka warna dengan suara yang tidak kalah merdu di bandingkan dengan yang lainnya.

 

Contoh Hewan Herbivora Lengkap
Contoh Hewan Herbivora Lengkap Dengan Penjelasannya

Contoh Hewan Herbivora Lengkap – Apa sih yang terlintas dalam pikiran kamu jika mendengar kata herbivora? Pastinya, kita akan berpikir tentang hewan jinak yang dapat di pelihara dan juga dapat membantu pekerjaan manusia, bahkan juga bisa menjadi sumber makanan yang bisa di konsumsi oleh manusia.

Herbivora adalah suatu kelompok hewan yang masuk dalam kelompok berdasarkan jenis makanannya. Makanan utama hewan herbivora adalah tumbuh tumbuhan, biji bijian dan buah buahan.

Lazimnya, hewan herbivora hidup di daratan, seperti di hutan, padang rumput dan persawahaan. Selain itu, mereka juga hidup secara berkoloni sesuai dengan jenisnya, seperti sapi, rusa, gajah, dan lain lain.

Ciri ciri Hewan Herbivora

Agar kamu lebih paham tentang hewan herbivora, maka penting bagi kamu untuk tahu apa saja ciri ciri umum dari hewan ini. Berikut adalah daftar ciri hewan herbivora

  • Berkembang biak dengan melahirkan (vivipar)
  • Umumnya hewan berdarah panas
  • Memiliki gigi geraham yang besar
  • Berkaki empat
  • Di bandingkan dengan hewan omnivora dan karnivora, sistem pencernaan hewan herbivora lebih rumit dan bahkan ada yang memiliki empat bagian lambung.
  • Beberapa hewan yang memiliki empat bagian lambung adalah hewan ruminansia atau pemamah biak seperti kambing, sapi dan kerbau

Tipe Hewan Herbivora

Sejumlah hewan herbivora dapat memakan segala jenis tumbuhan, seperti gajah, badak hitam. Jenis hewan herbivora tersebut dapat memakan daun, rating, akar, rumput dan buah.

Selain itu, ada juga hewan herbivora yang hanya bisa makan bagian tumbuhan tertentu. Hewan herbivora tersebut di bagi menjadi beberapa kelompok, yaitu graminivora, frugivora dan folivora.

Contoh Hewan Herbivora Lengkap

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/hewan-zaman-prasejarah-yang-konon-masih-hidup/

1. Graminivora

Hewan dari kelompok ini adalah pemakan rumput. Asal namanya berasal dari kata latin “graminis” yang berarti rumput. Contoh dari kelompok hewan ini adalah kerbau, sapi, kambing, dan lain lain.

2. Granivora

Meskipun namanya mirip dengan graminivora, kelompok hewan herbivora ini adalah pemakan biji bijian. Hewan yang termasuk ke dalam kelompok ini antara lain burung merpati, burung pipit, burung finch dan lain sebagainya

3. Nektivora

Dari namanya saja, pasti kamu sudah bisa menebak kelompok hewan ini. Hewan pada kelompok nektivora adalah hewan pemakan nektar atau madu, di antaranya adalah kupu kupu, burung kolibri, kelalawar dan possum madu.

4. Folivora

Nah, hewan pada kelompok ini adalah pemakan dadaunan. Di antaranya adalah kepik, ulat, iguana dan beberapa jenis burung. Salah satu peran penting hewan jenis ini adalah dalam ekosistem adalah kotorannya dapat menjadi pupuk alami bagi tanaman.

5. Frugivora

Kelompok hewan ini memiliki makan utama berupa buah buahan. Jumlah frugivora dalam keluarga herbivora cukup besar, lho Toppers. Contoh hewan ini adalah orang utan kalimantan, dan burung kakatua.

Contoh Hewan Herbivora

1. Panda Merah

Panda merah merupakan binatang herbivora yang menyukai bambu dan dedaunan. Mereka adalah binatang endemik hutan Himalaya yang kini tengah berada di ambang kelangkaan

2. Llama

Toppers, tahu binatang herbivora asli asal dari Amerika Selatan. Mereka hidup secara berkelompok di dataran tinggi.
LLama terkenal dengan serat wol yang halus dan memiliki sedikit lanonin. Tenaga llama juga sangat membantu masyarakat asal, mereka bisa di manfaatkan untuk mengangkut barang di pegunungan

3. Koala

Koala adalah binatang endemik asal benua Australia yang terkenal sebagai hewan yang malas, tapi menggemaskan. Binatang ini hanya aktif selama dua jam sehari dan sisa harinya, ia habiskan untuk tidur

4. Orang Utan

Siapa yang nggak tahu binatang satu ini? Orang utan adalah binatang endemik yang hidup di Indonesia dan Malaysia. Binatang jenis kera ini memiliki lengan panjang untuk bergelantungan di pohon dan bulu kemerahan

5. Gajah

Gajah adalah hewan herbivora uang biasa makan daun, ranting, rumput, padi, tebu, buah, kulit pohon dan akar. Hewan memiliki tubuh besar, sehingga mereka menghabiskan 16 jam sehari untuk mengumpulkan makanan setiap hari.

Itu dia, Toppers, sangat mengasyikkan bukan belajar tentang jenis Contoh Hewan Herbivora Lengkap makanannya dan contohnya? Sekarang kamu telah mengetahui berbagai contoh dan deskripsi dari hewan si pemakan tanaman.

Hewan Zaman Prasejarah
Hewan Zaman Prasejarah Yang Konon Masih Hidup

Hewan Zaman Prasejarah – Mahluk yang menakjubkan seperti mamot, sloth tanah raksasa, kucing bergerigi pedang, mereka memang ada secara nyata bukan hanya fantasti. Hewan-hewan itu telah hilang pada zaman es terakhir berakhir, 11.700 tahun yang lalu.

Tapi itu semua tidak berarti, karena Anda dapat melihat hewan prasejarah hari ini. Masih ada banyak spesies hewan prasejarah yang masih bisa di temukan, tetapi beberapa hewan ini hanya bisa di temukan di kebun binatang dan pelestarian alam yang di lindung, penyebab nya karena populasi mereka yang langka dan terancam punah.

Berikut ini rangkuman 7 hewan prasejarah yang konon masih hidup hingga saat ini,

1. Komodo

Salah satu hewan zaman prasejarah adalah komodo, hewan ini hidup di Indonesia, tetapi para ahli menukan keberadan awal mula kadal ikonik ini bukan dari Indonesia. Para Ilmuan baru baru ini  telah menggali serangkaian fosil komodo di Australia timur yang berasal dari jutaan tahun yang lalu.

Kadal raksasa ini punya berat yang sangat fantasis, dan pada kenyataan reptil ini di kenal menyerang manusia dan agak berbisa.

Kadal raksasa ini punya berat yang sangat fantasis, dan pada kenyataannya reptil ini di kenal menyerang manusia dan agak berbisa.

Namun, jika Anda masih merasa berani, Anda dapat melihat Komodo di Taman Nasional Komodo. Merupakan sebuah kepualauan kecil Indonesia yang membentuk taman yang menakjubkan

2. Hiu Paus

Nama Hiu Paus sedikit keliru. Hewan ini bukan paus sama sekali. Faktanya, hewan ini merupak hiu terbesar, bahkan ikan terbesar di dunia. Terlebih lagi, hiu paus sudah berenang di lautan selama setidaknya 28 juta tahun.

Hiu raksasa ini sebenernya dapat di temukan di sekitar khatulistiwa, tetapi untuk melihatnya tidak sesederhana yang di sarankan banyak orang. Pertama, Anda harus menyewa perahu. Dan karena hewan hewan ini terancam punah, untuk menemukannya sangat susah.

Hewan Zaman Prasejarah

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/5-hewan-melata-paling-mematikan-di-dunia/

3. Babi Rusa

Babi rusa sama seperti babi pada umumnya, hal yang membedakan adalah hewan ini memiliki gading raksasa yang tumbuh ke atas melewati moncong mereka dan melengkung ke kepala mereka. Bahkan gading tersebut jika di biarkan lama. akan menembus dahi mereka

Babi rusa sudah cukup tua untuk muncul di lukisan gua Indonesia sekitar 35.000 tahun yang lalu. Saat ini, ada beberapa tur yang menawarkan safari yang mengamati Babi rusa di Hutan Nantu dan Cagar Alam Tnagkoko di Indonesia.

4. Tapir

Seperti Babi rusa, tapir juga menyerupai babi kecuali untuk satu fitur utama, yaitu memiliki belalai pendek seperti gajah yang mereka gunakan untuk mengambil makanan untuk di masukan ke dalam mulut mereka.

Faktanya, tapir memiliki sejarah yang panjang dan membanggakan dalam catatan fosil, setelah pertama kali berevolusi di zaman Miosen, hingga 23 juta tahun yang lalu.

Mereka telah berevolusi menjadi banyak spesies sejak saat itu, meskipun hari ini hanya ada lima spesies tapir yang tersisa di seluruh Asia, Amerika Tengah dan Selatan.

Salah satu tempat terbaik untuk melihat tapir di Amerika adalah di Taman Nasional Corcovado di Kosta Rika yang menakjubkan. Mereka juga dapat di temukan di seluruh Amazon Rainforst.

5. Beruang Kutub

Semua orang akrab dengan beruang kutub yang ikonik akhir akhir ini. Tapi ketika Anda melangkah mundur dan memikirkan nya, mereka bener bener terlihat seperti sesuatu yang bisa berkeliaran di glester selama zaman es terakhir.

Sebenernya, beruang kutub jauh lebih tua dari zaman itu. Pada tahun 2010, para ilmuan menggunakan fosil tulang rahang beruang kutub yang di temukan di Arktitik Norwegia Untuk menemukan bahwa hewan tersebut hidup di sekitar 120.000 tahun yang lalu. Hewan hewan ini telah berkeliaran di wilayah putih Utara setidaknya sejak saat itu.

Hewan Melata Paling Mematikan
5 Hewan Melata Paling Mematikan Di Dunia

Hewan Melata Paling Mematikan – Tersebar hampir di seluruh negara. Mereka kebanyakan hidup di hutan alami dan memiliki racun mematikan untuk bertahan hidup di habitat mereka.

Hewan melata adalah salah satu yang paling di takuti karena beberapa dari jenis ini termasuk binatang paling mematikan di bumi.

Perlu di pahami juga bahwa tidak ada hewan yang secara alami kejam dan jahat. Mereka hanya mencoba untuk bertahan hidup dengan berburu makanan atau bertahan melawan pemangsa yang mendekatinya.

Jika manusia bertemu hewan hewan ini, lebih baik menghindar agar mamlia ini tidak merasa terancam dan balik menyerang anda. Berikut 7 hewan melata paling berbahaya di dunia yang di kutip dari situs Animal Wised.

1. King Kobra

King Kobra memiliki racun yang kuat yang di gunakan untuk melumpuhkan mangsanya sebelum menelannya. Ini adalah salah satu ular paling beracun di dunia, racun nya kompleks dan memiliki aksi kardiotoksik dan neurotik yang sangat cepat.

Begitu mangsanya terkena racun king cobra, secara langsung akan memengaruhi kerja jantung dan sistem saraf pusat. Penerimaan pertama tama lumpuh, di ikuti dengan penghentian semua fungsi tubuh secara stabil.

King Kobra berasal dari Asia Tenggara, India, dan China Selatan. Tubuhnya bisa berukuran panjang melebihi 5 meter dan di anggap sebagai ular berbisa terbesar.

2. Ular Taipan

Ular Ini Berasal dari genus ular taipan, di mana taipan pedalaman (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) adalah ular paling berbisa di dunia. Mereka berasal dari Oseania dan mereka bersaing untuk posisi paling berbahaya dengan King Kobra

Ular Taipan pedalaman di anggap paling beracun dari segala jenis ular karena biasanya 400 kali lebih mematikan daripada ular derik. Taipan pedalaman mendiami daerah pedalaman Australia.

 Hewan Melata Paling Mematikan

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/hewan-paling-imut-lucu-dan-menggemaskan/

3. Viper Russell

The Russell’s viper kadang kadang di kenal sebagai chain viper. Sebenernya ular ini tidak menggangu manusia, namun ketika merasa di serang ular ini akan sangat berbahaya dan agresif.

Ular berbisa ini berasal dari India, Taiwan, Cina selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Meskipun ukuran nya kecil, sekitar 1 meter hingga 1,5 meter, ular beludak ini menonjol karena kekuatan, kelincahan, dan kekokohannya.

Beberapa ciri yang membedakan dari ular lain adalah lubang hidungnya yang besar, moncong yang bengkok, kepala berbentuk segitiga dan sisik yang menonjol di bagian depan wajahnya.

4. Black Mamba

Berasal dari benua Afrika, mamba hitam juga merupakan salah satu hewan paling beracun di dunia dan mungkin yang paling mematikan. Meskipun kulit mereka berwarna hijau zaitun atau abu abu, mereka mendapatkan nama mereka dari bagian dalam mulut mereka yang bener bener hitam.

Ini Adalah ular besar dengan panjang hingga empat meter, tetapi meskipun ukurannya besar, mereka memiliki kelincahan yang extrem.  adalah ular yang paling di takuti oleh penduduk Afrika, sebagian karena di kenal sebagai ular teritorial. Ini berarti mereka bisa sangat menakutkan ketika terpojok, meskipun, seperti kebanyakan ular, mereka tidak mencari masalah dengan manusia.

5. Buaya Air Asin

Buaya Air Asin, juga di kenal sebagai buaya laut, adalah reptil terbesar yang di ketahui hidup saat ini. Jantan dewasa dapat mencapai panjang 7 meter dan berat hingga 1.500 kilogram. Betina berukuran sekitar setengah, tetapi mereka masih reptil besar.

Populasi mereka terutama tinggal di tanah berawa Australia, Indochina, Malaysia, Filiphina, Indonesia, New Guinea, India, Sri Langka dan Bangladesh. Namun, karena mereka perenang yang sangat baik, mereka dapat bertahan hidup di perairan terbuka dan di ketahui berimigrasi ke pantai Polinesia Prancis dan Kepulauan Solomon.

 

 

Hewan Paling Imut
Hewan Paling Imut, Lucu dan Menggemaskan

Hewan Paling Imut – Anjing, Kucing, kelinci dan hewan peliharaan lainnya yang lazim kita temui, merupakan hewan yang terkenal lucu dan dekat dengan manusia. Namun di alam liar, ternyata masih banyak hewan hewan lucu yang mungkin tidak anda ketahui. Seperti beberapa hewan paling imut dan lucu di dunia berikut.

1. Kukang

Kenapa hewan ini terlihat lucu dan menggemaskan? Sudah pasti karena matanya yang besar dan tampilannya yang begitu menggemaskan.

Bukan tanpa alasan kukang memiliki mata yang besar, itu karena hewan ini memang tergolong nokturnal. Yang artinya hewan ini mengandalkan indera penglihatan mereka.

Selain itu, kukang juga memiliki moncong dan hidung kecil, sehingga banyak orang yang menyukai hewan imut ini. Baik itu dalam bentuk boneka , maupun aslinya.

2. Meerkat

Pernah dengar nama hewan ini? Coba amati gambar tersebut baik-baik, mereka lucu bukan?

Meerkat adalah luwak kecil yang berasal dari Afrika selatan, dan mereka adalah salah satu hewan sosial paling lucu sejagat raya.

Meraka hidup dalam kelompok besar hingga besar 30 individu, dan memiliki naluri bertahan yang unik.

Misalnya, satu atau lebih meerkat dalam kelompok, mengambil posisi duduk atau berdiri dengan kaki belakang mendekati predator

3. Koala

Sudah pasti Koala masuk dalam daftar hewan paling imut dan lucu di dunia. Saking lucunya, mamalia ini kerap menjadi souvenir dalam bentuk boneka maupun miniatur.

Walaupun Koala adalah hewan yang begitu menggemaskan, tetapi mereka juga cukup berbahaya. Itu karena cakar nya yang tajam, begitupun dengan giginya

Koala tidak segan segan menggunakan alat pertahaan tersebut, jika hewan ini merasa terancam.

Hewan Paling Imut

Baca Juga :  https://boisetaxicompany.com/5-hewan-langka-di-indonesia-yang-di-lindungi/

4. Panda

Hewan pemakan bambu ini juga kerap menjadi boneka atau mainan anak karna tampilannya yang menggemaskan. Meski begitu, ia termasuk salah satu hewan lucu yang berbahaya.

Cakar dan giginya, merupakan sistem pertahanan diri yang melengkapi omnivora ini. Plus, kekuatan hewan ini yang bisa menghancurkan bambu, menjadikan Panda sebagai hewan berbahaya.

Panda tak segan segan menyerang siapa saja mereka merasa terancam. Oleh sebab itu, siapapun sebaiknya jangan mendekat jika berjumpa di alam liar.

5. Berang Berang Laut

Berang berang laut adalah salah satu hewan paling lucu di dunia. Tak cuma fisik nya saja yang imut, tingkah laku mereka juga kerap menggundang orang orang datang ke kebun binatang untuk menyaksikannya.

Berang berang laut sering bergandengan tangan saat mereka tertidur. Hal ini bertujuan sebagai mekanisme bertahan hidup yang membuat mereka tetap bersama sehingga tidak terpisah.

5 Hewan Langka
5 Hewan Langka Di Indonesia Yang Di Lindungi

5 Hewan Langka – Indonesia adalah negara ke-9 yang memiliki hutan terluas yang menutupi sekitar 46% daratan di Indonesia. Hutan-hutan ini menjadi habitat yang kaya akan ke aneka ragamaan hewan atau fauna.

Berdasarkan perkiraan data, terdapat lebih dari 350.000 jenis fauna yang terdiri dari 250.000 serangga, 2.500 jenis ikan, 1.300 jenis burung, 2.000 jenis reptil, 1.000 jenis amfib, 800 jenis mamalia, dan sisa nya terdiri dari hewan hewan invertbrata (hewan yang tidak memiliki tulang punggung).

Tapi sayang nya, dari 350.000 jenis fauna yang ada di Indonesi, IUCN melaporkan ada sebanyak 1.217 spesies hewan yang terancam punah.

Hewan Langka Di Indonesia

1. Komodo

Komodo atau Varanus Komodonesis adalah salah satu hewan langka di Indonesia.Hewan ini  sering di sebut sebagai reptil terbesar di dunia yang dapat tumbuh hingga 3 meter dan berat sekitar 70 kg atau lebih.

Ciri khas mereka memiliki tubuh dan kepala yang besar, ekor yang panjang, kulit bersisik, dan cakar yang tajam. Warna kulit yang di miliki bervariasi, dari coklat hingga abu abu dengan bercak itam.

Saat ini habitat komodo hanya fokus pada area Pulau komodo, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) dan daerah sekitarnya.

2. Kucing Merah Kalimantan

Kucing Merah Kalimantan atau Prionailurus rubiginosus adalah salah satu subspesies kucing hutan yang ada di pulau kalimantan

Hewan ini termasuk dalam kategori hewan yang terancam punah di IUCN.

Berdasarkan Cat Spesialist Grup, Kucing merah kalimantan ini memiliki catatan sejarah yang sangat sedikit sehingga tidak ada perkiraan kepadatan populasinya.

Berdasarkan hal itu, organisasi itu memperkirakaan jumlah populasi kucing kalimantan saat ini sekitar kurang dari 2.200 ekor dengan asumsi kepadatan 1 individu per 100km

5 Hewan Langka

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/hewan-paling-imut-lucu-dan-menggemaskan/

3. Burung Cendrawasih

Cendrawasih termasuk anggota keluarga Paradisaeide dan ordo Passeireformes yang hanya dapat di temukan di Pulau Papua, Kepulauan Maluku , Kepulauan Selat Torres , Papua Nugini hingga Australia

Burung cendrawasih terdiri dari beberapa genus dan spesies. yaitu 14 genus dan 43 spesies.

Spesies Candrawasih terdiri yang masih bisa di temukan di Indonesia sekitar ada 30,28 spesies berasal dari papua dan 2 spesies lainnya terdapat di Kepulauan Maluku dan Halmahera

4. Harimau Sumatera

Harimau Sumatera adalah salah satu dari tiga subspesies harimau di Indonesia, dua lainnnya adalah Harimau Jawa (punah), dan Harimau Bali (punah).

Ciri Ciri hewan ini memiliki tubuh yang relatif lebih kecil di bandingkan dengan harimau lain kontigental.

Untuk harimau jantan dewasa, biasanya memiliki tinggi 60 cm, panjang 250 cm, dan berat hingga 140 kg. Sedangkan untuk harimau jantan betina memiliki panjang 198 cm dengan berat hingga 91 kg.

Untuk warna kulit, Harimau sumatera relatif lebih gelap, dari kuning kemerah merahan hingga oranye tua dengan garis loreng lebih rapat.

5. Burung Merak

Burung merak yang di kenal sebagai “hewan sombong” berkat indahnya bulu sayapnya ini ternyata masuk daftar hewan langka yang terancam punah oleh IUCN.

Mengutip berbagai sumber , burung khas Indonesia ini hanya tersisa sekitar 10.000-20.000 ekor merak dewasa.

Salah satu penyebab utama binatang ini terancam punah adalah perburuan dan perdagangan ilegal

Itu di 5 Hewan Langka Yang Terancam Punah.

Kucing Asli Indonesia
Kucing Asli Indonesia yang Jarang Diketahui Banyak Orang

Kucing Asli Indonesia merupakan hewan yang lucu dan menggemaskan sehingga banyak orang yang suka memelihara hewan satu ini. Selain sebagai hewan peliharaan, kucing juga dapat di jadikan sebagai teman bermain. Tidak jarang orang-orang melepas penatnya dengan bermain bersama hewan yang lucu dan menggemaskan ini.

Ternyata, survei yang di lakukan oleh Rakuten Insight di Tokyo, Jepang pada Januari 2021 menunjukkan bahwa tiga dari lima orang Asia memiliki hewan peliharaan, dan Indonesia memilih kucing sebagai hewan peliharaannya di saat orang Asia memilih anjing sebagai hewan utama.

Jika kamu sudah tidak asing dengan kucing ras luar negeri yang sering di pelihara di Indonesia seperti kucing persia, kucing anggora, dan kucing ragdoll namun tahukah kamu ternyata Indonesia memiliki jenis-jenis kucing yang berasal asli dari Indonesia. Dan berikut adalah 10 jenis kucing asli Indonesia yang perlu kamu ketahui.

1. Kucing Congkok

Kucing Asli Indonesia

Kucing congkok atau Leopard cat memiliki nama latin Prionaliurus bengalensis ini merupakan salah satu spesies kucing liar asli Indonesia. Masyarakat Jawa lebih mengenal kucing ini dengan sebutan Meong Congkok.

Kucing congkok memiliki ukuran tubuh yang sama seperti kucing domestik lainnya dengan corak totol hitam yang terdapat pada punggung dan pinggul. Bulu kucing ini memiliki tekstur yang halus dan pendek, yang membuat lain daripada kucing domestik lain kucing congkok memiliki ekor yang lebih panjang hampir setengah badannya.

Warna bagian atas tubuh kucing ini yaitu emas cerah kecoklatan dan warna putih dengan totol-totol coklat tua menghiasi bagian perut kucing congkok. Kucing ini memiliki hidung besar dan lebar dengan warna kulit hidungnya yang merah dengan garis luar hitam.

Di Indonesia, kucing ini tersebar di Pulau Sumatera, Pulau Kalimantan, dan Pulau Jawa. Lebih luas lagi kucing ini tersebar di negara Pakistan, China, Filipina dan Indonesia.

2. Kucing Busok

Kucing Asli Indonesia

Kucing Busok merupakan kucing asli Indonesia yang berasal dari daerah Madura, tak jarang orang-orang menyebutnya dengan sebutan Kucing Madura atau Kucing Raas. Tubuhnya di penuhi oleh bulu-bulu pendek berwarna kelabu yang berasal dari Pulau Raas, Kabupaten Sumenep, Madura.

Masyarakat Madura sangat menjaga keaslian dari kucing satu ini, mereka pantang mengawinkan kucing busok dengan kucing ras lain bahkan di larang membawanya keluar Madura kecuali kucing tersebut sudah di kebiri terlebih dahulu. Konon katanya jika tidak seperti itu, akan membawa sial.

Populasi Kucing Busok hanya terdapat 100 ekor per tahun 2018, sehingga kucing ini di kategorikan sebagai salah satu hewan langka di Indonesia. Dewan Kucing Indonesia (Indonesian Cat Council) juga sedang mengupayakan pengakuan resmi dari Federasi Kucing Dunia (World Cat Federation) bahwa Kucing Busok adalah ras kucing asli Indonesia.

3. Kucing Merah Kalimantan

Kucing Asli Indonesia

Sesuai dengan namanya, kucing ini berasal dari pulau Kalimantan yang di kenal sebagai Bornean Bay Cat. Kucing dengan nama latin Pardofelis badia hanya bisa di dapati di daerah hutan di Kalimantan.

Kucing Merah Kalimantan memiliki bulu dengan warna merah yang mendominasi. Namun tidak jarang juga di dapati kucing merah kalimantan dengan warna bulu yang coklat kemerahan. Kucing ini memiliki warna bulu yang lebih pucat di bagian badannya dengan tubuhnya yang ramping mirip macan terutama pada malam hari.

4. Kucing Dahan Kalimantan

Kucing Asli Indonesia

Masih di daerah Kalimantan, terdapat Kucing Dahan dengan nama latin Neofelis di ardi. Kucing dahan biasanya memiliki bulu di sekujur badannya yang berwarna cokelat, namun tidak jarang di dapati Kucing Dahan dengan bulu berwarna kehitaman.

Memiliki tubuh yang hampir menyerupai leopard cat dengan motif totolnya yang lebih besar dengan ekor yang panjang menjulang sepanjang badannya. Kucing ini termasuk kucing liar dengan kebiasaan unik yaitu membersihkan bulu mangsanya sebelum ia melahapnya.

Kucing Dahan merupakan kucing yang di lindungi sejak 2006 dan terancam punah sehingga tidak boleh di pelihara dan di perjualbelikan. Namun, beberapa kasus perburuan liar untuk kucing ini masih terus di temukan guna di jadikan hewan peliharaan.

5. Kucing Batu

Kucing Asli Indonesia

Kucing Batu atau Pardofelis marmorata merupakan kucing yang dapat di temukan di berbagai negara Asia Tenggara hingga Asia Selatan. Memiliki bulu berwarna cokelat dengan corak bitik yang dihiasi oleh garis-garis hitam serta ekornya yang panjang dan berbulu lebat.

Habitatnya adalah hutan hujan tropis di dataran rendah, kucing ini juga mampu menempati daerah hutan hujan tropis dengan ketinggian 3.000 mdpl. Biasanya para pendaki seringkali bertemu dengan kucing yang unik ini.

Kucing Batu memiliki sifat nokturnal, yaitu aktif di malam hari. Waktu tersebut mereka gunakan untuk memburu mangsanya yaitu binatang-binatang kecil seperti burung, tupai, tikus sampai kelompok reptil. Dan saat ini Kucing Batu di kategorikan sebagai hewan yang di lindungi oleh IUCN karena keberadaannya yang menurun di setiap tahunnya.

6. Kucing Bakau

Kucing Bakau

Jika kamu mendapati kucing yang takut air sudah tidak aneh lagi, tapi kucing satu ini berbeda. Kucing Bakau merupakan kucing yang menyukai air, kucing ini merupakan perenang handal yang mampu menyelami air untuk mencari mangsanya. Di kenal dengan fishing cat, kakinya memiliki selaput yang memudahkannya berenang atau di tempat-tempat dengan permukaan yang licin.

Kucing dengan nama latin Prionailurus viverrinus ini dapat kamu temui di hutan bakau dan rawa-rawa. Kucing Bakau banyak tersebar di Pulau Jawa dengan keberadaannya yang terancam punah. Populasi kucing ini menurun hingga 30 persen dalam 15 tahun terakhir dan di kategorikan dalam IUCN Red List.

Banyaknya penebangan hutan bakau dan revitalisasi membuat habitat kucing bakau ini hilang secara perlahan bersamaan dengan turunnya populasi kucing ini.

7. Kucing Kuwuk

Kucing Kuwuk

Kucing yang memiliki nama latin Prionailurus bengalensis biasa di kenal dengan sebutan macan akar. Memiliki ciri khas adanya corak tutul pada bulunya. Di antara jari-jari kakinya, terdapat selaput yang membedakan dengan kucing lain. Kucing ini tersebar di beberapa negara Asia seperti Indonesia. Banyak mendiami pulau Sumatra, Jawa, Bali dan Kalimantan.

Kucing ini merupakan salah satu kucing liar yang di lindungi berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Nomor P.106/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/12/2018 tentang Jenis Tumbuhan dan Satwa yang di lindungi.

8. Kucing Kepala Datar

Kucing Kepala Datar

Mempunyai kepala datar atau Prionailurus planiceps adalah salah satu kucing liar yang di lindungi di Indonesia. Kucing ini mendiami daerah hutan Sumatera dan Kalimantan dengan habitat lahan basah seperti rawa-rawa, tepi pantai, tepi sungai dan tepi danau. Populasi ini kian menurun dan tergolong terancam punah, di tambah banyaknya revitalisasi besar-besaran terhadap alam hidupnya.

Sama seperti Kucing Bakau, kucing ini juga memiliki selaput pada bagian kakinya. Selaput tersebut di gunakan untuk mereka berenang mencari mangsanya. Kucing ini juga mampu dengan hebatnya melompat dan memanjat pohon dengan cepat walaupun tubuhnya yang tergolong lebih besar dari kucing-kucing liar pada umumnya.

9. Kucing Kampung

Kucing Kampung

Siapa yang sudah tidak asing dengan kucing satu ini?

Kucing kampung yang memiliki nama latin Felis silvestris dapat dengan mudahnya kamu temui di jalanan. Kucing yang di kenal dengan sebutan Moggy cat ini merupakan masih keturunan dari kucing liar Afrika.

Memiliki warna bulu kelabu, putih hingga hitam dengan tubuhnya yang kekar membuat kucing ini dapat hidup di mana saja. Kucing ini merupakan kucing yang sangat mudah di pelihara karena tidak membutuhkan perawatan yang bermacam-macam.

10. Kucing Dahan Benua

Kucing Dahan Benua

Kucing hutan yang berasal dari Asia ini di kenal dengan nama ilmiah Neofelis nebulosa. Memiliki tubuh dengan ukuran sedang dan di tumbuhi bulu berwarna dan bercorak seperti ular sanca. Dan hewan ini masih satu famili dengan Kucing Dahan Kalimantan.

Kucing Dahan Benua memiliki sifat nokturnal, yaitu aktif pada malam hari. Kucing predator ini akan memburu mangsanya di malam hari seperti burung, ular, bekantan, dan mamalia-mamalia kecil.

Populasi hewan ini terus mengalami penurunan yang di sebabkan adanya penangkapan liar oleh pemburu liar. IUCN menetapkan Kucing Dahan termasuk ke dalam red list dengan kategori rentan serta terdaftar dalam CITES Appendix I.

Nah itulah, 10 jenis kucing asli Indonesia yang jarang sekali terdengar di telinga masyarakat. Lalu, apakah kamu pernah bertemu di https://www.ngilngof.com/ dengan salah satu dari mereka?

5 Hewan Unik Dan Punya Fitur Langka
5 Hewan Unik Dan Punya Fitur Langka

Hewan Unik Dan Langka -. Keanekaragaman hayati merupakan salah satu alasan adanya keseimbangan dan keberlanjutan alam yang menyokong bentuk bentuk kehidupan. Bentuk kehidupan dalam suatu ekosistem juga beragam, memiliki ciri dan fitur yang sesuai dengan ekosistem tersebut. Karena keragaman yang begitu banyak dan luas, mahluk hidup dibagi dalam beberapa kelompok klasifikasi agar mudah di kenali.

Hewan merupakan salah satu dari lima kelompok klasifikasi mahluk hidup. Klasifikasi dalam kelompok hewan juga beragam. Hewan yang saling berkaitan umumnya memiliki bentuk ataupun ciri fisik yang terlihat mirip. Tetapi beberapa hewan memiliki perbedaan mencolok yang membuat terlihat unik. Keunikan-Keunikan hewan tersebut sering mengundang decak kagum sekaligus tanda tanya. Apa saja hewan unik tersebut? Simak daftar berikut.

1. Hagfish

Walau berbentuk mirip seperti belut, hagfish bukanlah bagian dari kelas ataupun keluarga belut. Dalam toksonomi hewan, hagfish masuk ke dalam kelas Agnatha yaitu kelompok ikan yang tidak memiliki rahang. Secara fisik, hagfish sangat unik karena merupakan satu satu nya vertebrata yang memiliki tengkorak, tetapi tidak memiliki tulang belakang.

Keunikan lain dari Hagfish adalah kemampuannya memproduksi slime. Slime dari hagfish berbentuk seperti gel bening dan kental, terlihat seperti putih telur tetapi kuat dan kohesif. Slime ini cukup kental, sehingga dapat di ambil dengan tangan kosong dan di rentangkan. Ikan tersebut akan mengeluarkan slime mereka ketika dalam bahaya, saat strees dan saat makan.

2. Hammerhead Worm

Hammerhead Worm cukup mudah di kenali karena memiliki ke unikan di bagian kepala, yang berbentuk seperti martil. Cacing dengan nama Latin Bipalium sp. ini merupakan hewan karnivora. Cacing ini umumnya memakan cacing tanah, tetapi juga memakan sesama Hammerhead Worm.

Walau Hammerhead Worm merupakan hewan hermafrodit, mereka lebih sering berkembang biak dengan beregrenerasi, yaitu membelah dirinya. Karena merupakan predator, cacing ini memiliki racun berupa neurotoxin yang di gunakan untuk melumpuhkan mangsanya. Jika di sentuh oleh manusia, racun tersebut dapat menimbulkan iritasi.

5 Hewan Unik Dan Punya Fitur Langka

 

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/beberapa-hewan-laut-yang-indah-namun-mematikan/

3. Gulper eel

Gulper eel adalah hewan yang hidup di kedalaman laut, dan memiliki fitur yang paling mencolok di bandingkan spesies belut lainnya. Mulut gulper eel sangat besar, jauh melebihi ukuran tubuhnya. Rahang bawahnya memiliki kantong yang dapat di lebarkan, membuat ikan ini mirip seperti bulung pelikan, sehingga belut ini sering juga di sebut belut pelikan atau pelican eel.

Belut yang berwarna hitam ini berukuran cukup pendek di bandingkan belut lainnya, yakni hanya berukuran sekitar 2-3 kaki. Untuk menangkap mangsa, belut ini akan melebarkan mulutnya seperti bahon. Hewan bernama Latin Eurypharynx pelecanoides ini umumnya memangsa udang, ikan ikan kecil dan hewan Cephalopoba lainnya.

4. Zorse

Hewan hasil persilangan antara zebra jantan dan kuda betina. karena merupakan hasil kawin silang, hewan ini memiliki fitur yang unik dan mencolok.

Zorse memiliki tempramen dan bentuk fisik seperti kuda dan respon flight yang kuat dan corak bergaris seperti Zebra. Hewan ini memiliki penglihatan malam yang lebih baik dari manusia, dan di ketahui memiliki luas penglihatan malam yang lebih baik dari manusia, dan di ketahui memiliki luas penglihatan hampir 360 derajat, yang mana titik buta mereka hanya di bagian depan hidung dan tepat di bagian belakang tubuh mereka.

5. Lumba-Lumba Irrawaddy

Lumba-lumba irrawaddy, atau di Indonesia di sebut dengan lumba-lumba air tawar atau juga pesut mahakam. Bernama latin Orcaella brevirostris ini termasuk kelompok mamalia yang dapat di temukan di daerah pesisir di Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara.

Selain itu Jenis lumba-lumba ini di temukan di tiga sungai yakni sungai Ayeyarwady di Myanmar, sungai Mahakam di pulau Kalimantan Indonesia, dan Sungai Mekong, Lumba-lumba ini juga di ketahui tinggal di danau Chilka di India, dan di danau Songkhla di Thailand.

Begitu lah jenis jenis Hewan Unik Dan Langka

Beberapa Hewan Laut Yang Indah Namun Mematikan
Beberapa Hewan Laut Yang Indah Namun Mematikan

Beberapa Hewan Laut Mematikan -. Laut Adalah salah satu tempat paling indah yang ada di Bumi. Bagaimana tidak? Lautan luas dihuni oleh banyak hewan berwarna warni dengan bentuk indah serta tanaman yang unik. Karena nya, laut kerap menjadi destinasi favorit untuk refreshing maupun berolahraga.

Meskipun laut adalah tempat yang indah dan mengasyikan, tapi jangan sampe kamu menyentuh apa pun. Pasalnya, tak sedikit pun hewan penghuni lautan yang tampak indah dan menggemaskan, tetapi sebenernya sangat berbahaya. Ya, di balik tampilannya yang anggun, bisa saja mereka menyimpan racun yang siap di lepaskan pada musuh kapan pun mereka merasa terancam.

Kali ini, kita akan membahas beberapa hewan laut yang indah tapi mematikan.

1. Gurita Cincin Biru

Gurita Cincin Biru adalah salah satu spesies gurita paling indah dan mungil. Hewan ini mudah di kenali karena kulitnya yang kuning dengan pola berupa cincin biru dan hitam di dalam nya. Sayangnya, hewan yang hidup di Samudra Pasifik dan Hindia ini tergolong mematikan.

Dilansir laman Ocean Info, para ilmuan telat mengklarifikasi mereka sebagai salah satu hewan paling berbahaya di dunia. Sengatan hewan kecil ini mampu membuat seseorang mengalami kelumpuhan. Jika seseorang tersengat saat berenang, ini dapat mengakibatkan orang tersebut mati tenggelam. Hingga kini, peneliti belum menemukan penawar untuk racun ini.

2. Ubur-Ubur Kotak

Ubur-ubur kotak adalah mahluk laut yang anggun dan tampaknya tidak mengancam. Namun, faktanya, ubur ubur kotak termasuk dalam makhluk laut paling berbahaya di dunia.

Di lansir dari laman Ocean Info, sengatan ubur-ubur kotak dapat mengakibatkan kematian dalam waktu kurang dari 5 menit. Menariknya lagi, ubur ubur kotak bisa berenang dan mengejar mangsa dengan cepat. Ketika tentekel ubur ubur menyentuh kulit , nematocysts berbisa menempel pada tubuh dan menyebabkan rasa sakit yang luar biasa.

Beberapa Hewan Laut Yang Indah Namun Mematikan

 

Baca Juga : https://boisetaxicompany.com/all-40-species-of-wild-cats-and-where-to-see-them-in-the-wild/

3. Udang Mantis

Udang Mantis adalah stomatopoda yang dapat tumbuh sepanjang 20cm, berwarna warni, serta memiliki mata yang besar dan cerah. Namun, mahluk laut ini lebih berbahaya daripada yang terlihat. Menurut studi yang di muat dalam jurnal Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical tahun 2021, para nelayan menangkap udang mantis berbahaya dan cenderung menghindari kontak langsung dengan mereka karena resiko yang terkait. Sejauh ini, sudah ada ima laporan cedera pada manusia yang disebabkan oleh udah mantis. empat oleh cakar, dan satu oleh ekor.

Udang mantis memiliki semacam tongkat yang ada di tubuh bagian depan, yang dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan cangkang mangsanya. Hewan kecil ini juga mampu memukul dengan kekuatan setara peluru kaliber 22. Saking kuatnya pukulan udang mantis, mereka bahkan dapat memecahkan akuarium kaca. Karenanya, mereka selalu disimpan di dalam wadah plastik tebal. Bahkan Guinness Book of World Records menyatakan bahwa udang mantis adalah hewan yang memiliki pukulan paling kuat.

4. Siput Kerucut

Siput Kerucut Hidup di bawah cangkang indah berwarna coklat, hitam, atau putih dan tidak tampak berbahaya. Namun, di balik tampilan polos mereka, tersembunyi bahaya yang luar biasa.

Di jelaskan lama All That Intersting, siput kerucut memiliki racun yang di gunakan untuk menyetrum dan melahap ikan kecil dan moluska yang mereka makan. Meskipun begitu, terkadang racun ini memberikan ancaman fatal bagi manusia.

Banyak penyelam yang tersengat racun saat mengambil cangkang siput kerucut dari dasar laut. Meskipun kebanyakan orang dapat pulih, beberapa berakhir dengan kematian.

5. Lion Fish

Lion Fish adalah mahluk indah favorit fotograper bawah air. Namun, jangan coba coba menyentuh lionfish karena ikan unik ini sangat beracun.

Menurut National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, di balik sirip lionfish yang seperti kipas terdapat sangat yang memiliki racun sangat kuat. Racun ini terdiri dari kombinasi protein, toksin neuromeskular, dan neurotransmitter yang di sebut asetillkolin. Sengatannya dapat menyebabkan rasa sakit yang luar biasa, berkeringan, gangguan pernafasan, dan bahkan kelumpuhan. Siapapun yang terkena sengatan lionfish harus mendapatkan bantuan medis sesegera mungkin.

 

All 40 Species of Wild Cats and Where to See Them in the Wild
All 40 Species of Wild Cats and Where to See Them in the Wild

All 40 Species of Wild Cats and Where to See Them in the Wild

Big Cat Species – Panthera Lineage

boisetaxicompany.com – Big cats are some of the most charismatic animals on Earth and some of the most endangered. So what are the 7 big cats? They are large cats belonging to the Pantherinae subfamily of wild cats.

Tiger (Panthera tigris)

IUCN Status: Endangered

At 320 kg, the Siberian tiger is the biggest cat in the world. Sadly, the tiger is also the most endangered big cat. As recently as the first half of the last century, there were tigers living in Turkey and on the Indonesian islands of Bali and Java. These three subspecies are now extinct. The South China tiger has already crossed the point of no return with an estimated 20 individuals left in the wild. The remaining five subspecies are in various stages of decline.

We almost lost the Siberian tiger as well, when in the 1940s, as few as 40 individuals were thought to survive in the vast forests of Siberia. Thankfully, in the last few decades, intensive conservation measures have been applied in the Russian Far-east, and the king of the Siberian taiga was brought back from the brink of extinction.

Today, most of the remaining tigers belong to the Bengal subspecies that occur throughout the Indian subcontinent. Not surprisingly, India is the best place in the world to see tigers in the wild. Some of the best National Parks in India for spotting tigers in the wild are Kanha and Bandhavgarh in the state of Madhya Pradesh. To increase your chances, pick a tour that offers both Kanha and Bandhavgarh.

Another good option is Ranthambhore National Park. It is easier to visit from Delhi on a dedicated tiger-watching tour.

I visited Kanha a few years ago and saw a total of 15 tigers in 7 days. The sightings included single individuals, a courting pair and a family: a tigress with three cubs.

Read more: Spotting tigers in Kanha National Park, India

Lion (Panthera leo)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The second-largest cat in the world, the lion, once ranged across most of Africa and parts of Europe and Asia. Today the population is restricted to fragmented populations in Sub-Saharan Africa and one Critically Endangered population in India. We have already lost the Barbary lion that used to grace the wilds of Egypt, Morocco and Algeria.

Traditionally there were two types of lions: the African lion and the Asiatic lion. But the recent genetic analysis revealed that Asiatic lions belong to the same subspecies as the Northern lion, which also includes the Critically Endangered West African lion and the Central African lion. The Southern African and the East African lion form the second subspecies.

You can spot the Southern and East African lions on most classical African safaris. The good places to visit are Maasai Mara National Park (Kenia), Kruger National Park (South Africa) and of course, Serengeti (Tanzania).

The only place to see the Asiatic lion is Gir National Park in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

I saw lions in Kruger National Park and the surrounding sanctuaries. The most incredible sighting was the pride of the rare white lions of Timbavati.

Read more: Guide to planning Kruger Park Safari

Leopard (Panthera pardus)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The leopard caught the experts by surprise. Of all types of big cats, it has the widest distribution range, occurring from sub-Saharan Africa, through Central Asia, and across the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia. And while some subspecies of the leopard are highly endangered, the species was considered reasonably secure. Until the experts realized that the leopards have lost 75 per cent of their historic range and the population continues to decline.

The two hotspots for the leopards are parts of Africa and Sri Lanka. In Africa, you are likely to spot leopards in Maasai Mara National Park (Kenia), Kruger National Park (South Africa), Serengeti (Tanzania) and most other National Parks in southern and eastern Africa.

If you are heading to Sri Lanka, try to avoid Yala National Park or at least not spend all your time there, it has become disappointingly overcrowded, which affects animal welfare. Instead, pick a tour that visits several national parks, including Udawalawe.

For the more adventurous types, there is an option to travel to the Russian Far-east with the local Bohai tour in search of the Critically Endangered Amur leopard – the rarest type of big cat in the world. However, their numbers have been slowly rising from about 35 individuals in the 1980s to over 100 individuals in 2017.

Read more: How to tell the difference between a jaguar and a leopard.

Jaguar (Panthera onca)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

The jaguar is the most water-loving big cat. It is an excellent swimmer and can often be found resting on tree branches overhanging the rivers. It also has the strongest bite in relation to body size among big cats. Its powerful jaws are capable of crushing the skull of an adult caiman – its favourite prey in the Pantanal.

The jaguars are unique among big cat species in that all across their 6-million sq. kilometre range, which spans 18 countries, they represent a single continuous population. There are no subspecies of jaguars. Taxonomically, it is the same cat that occurs over a very large range.

This poses unique challenges for the conservation of jaguars. Instead of protecting geographically isolated populations, the scientists now work to protect the connecting corridors of habitat that allow the jaguars to move between populations and maintain gene flow between these populations.

In late 2018, the United Nations Development Programme initiated a jaguar conservation program Jaguar 2030, that aims to protect the jaguars across their entire geographic range.

The two strongholds of the jaguar are the Amazon and the Pantanal in Brazil. But the Pantanal is a far better place for spotting the jaguar, especially around Porto Jofre – a small community on the bank of the Cuiaba River. When booking a Pantanal tour, make sure that you’ll be based in Porto Jofre if you want to see the jaguars.

Read more: Jaguar watching in the Pantanal

Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The most enigmatic of the big cats, the snow leopard is often referred to as the Ghost of the Mountains. There is even a saying in Nepal that it is more difficult to see a snow leopard than to see God. This elusive cat lives in one of the most inhospitable environments on Earth – the high altitude moutan ranges of Central Asia, and each individual ranges over huge territories.

Because the snow leopard has a wide distribution range, it was downgraded from Endangered to Vulnerable by the IUCN  in 2017. However, the Snow Leopard Trust disputed the decision on the basis of a lack of scientific data to support it. The experts estimate that there are between 3,920 and 6,390 snow leopards left in the wild.

Despite the Nepalese saying, the snow leopards are regularly seen at Hemis National Park in India. It is not an adventure for the faint-hearted though. It involves camping in -20 degrees cold and scanning the mountain valleys for hours on end looking for the elusive cat. The snow leopard’s coat of grey fur with black blotches allows it to merge so seamlessly with the environment that you could be staring right at it, yet not see it.

Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The smallest of the big cat species, the clouded leopard is also the most acrobatic. It is one of the best climbers in the entire wild cat family. Its flexible ankle joints allow it to climb down trees head-first, hang off branches by its hind feet and tail and even climb on horizontal branches with its back to the ground.

Yet the climbing skills are not clouded leopard’s only talent. They are the only big cats that can purr and they have the longest canines, relative to body size, among big cats. Sometimes, they are referred to as the “modern-day sabre-tooth”.

Like all other big cats, the clouded leopard is threatened with extinction. The total population is thought to number fewer than 10,000 mature individuals, with a decreasing trend. However, due to their secretive nature, the clouded leopards have not been studied well and remain poorly understood. As in the case of the snow leopard, the population could be smaller than the current estimate.

Although the clouded leopard ranges from the Himalayan foothills all the way across Southeast Asia, it is incredibly difficult to spot in the wild. Occasionally they are spotted on wildlife safaris in India.

Sunda Clouded Leopard (Neofelis diardi)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Until 2016, the clouded leopard was believed to be a single species. However, the use of genetic analysis techniques revealed that the clouded leopards from the islands of Borneo and Sumatra are in fact, a separate species that diverged from their mainland cousins about 1.5 million years ago.

Known as the Sunda clouded leopards, the island species are a little smaller and darker than the mainland clouded leopards. Up until recently, it was just as nearly impossible to see a Sunda clouded leopard, as the mainland one.

But over the last few years, Deramakot Forest Reserve in the Malaysian state of Sabah in Borneo has been gaining a reputation as the go-to place for spotting these elusive felines. There are, of course, no guarantees, but if you’d like a shot at seeing a Sunda clouded leopard, Deramakot is your best bet

Read more: On the trail of the Clouded leopard in Borneo

Small Cat Species

While not as well-known as their larger cousins, the majority of wild cats are small cats. They occur on all continents except Antarctica and Australia, although Australia has a large population of feral cats, which are the descendants of the domestic cats that arrived in Australia with the European settlers.

Bay cat or Pardofelis Lineage

The second lineage to diverge from the common ancestor, the Bay cat lineage contains three wild cat species all occurring in the South East Asian region. This lineage represents some of the rarest Asian wild cats.

Borneo Bay Cat (Catopuma badia)

IUCN Status: Endangered

The endangered Borneo Bay cat is the holy grail of the wild cat world. It occurs only on the island of Borneo and it is as mysterious to science as it was first described in 1874. These cats are so secretive that virtually nothing is known about them and they are almost never seen in the wild.

It appears that, unlike clouded leopards, marbled cats and leopard cats that also occur in Borneo, bay cat avoids travelling along the forest trails, which makes it very difficult to know where to set up camera traps. And of course, it makes it exceptionally difficult to spot the bay cat in the wild. You simply don’t know where to look.

Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Another rarely seen cat, the Asiatic Golden cat has a wide, but patchy distribution from India to Malaysia. It is present on the island of Sumatra but does not occur on any other Indonesian islands.

Asiatic golden cat prefers forested habitats and appears to be most active around dawn and dusk and during the daylight hours. They are good enough climbers but spend most of their time on the ground where they can bring down prey many times their own size, like young water buffalo calves.

Currently, there are no reliable spots where it can be seen in the wild, but most accidental sightings have occurred in Indonesia.

Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

The marbled cat is one of the most good-looking small cats, with its exceptionally long tail and beautifully patterned coat. This species ranges from the Himalayan foothills to Malaysia, and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. It is an excellent climber and is thought to spend most of its life in the trees.

I have seen Marbled cats on my trips to Deramakot Forest Reserve in Borneo. On the second trip, we were able to observe two individuals in the same tree, most probably an adult and a semi-adult kitten.

Read more: Spotting Marbled cats in Deramakot Forest Reserve, Borneo

Caracal Lineage

The third oldest lineage, the Caracal lineage contains three medium-sized species that mostly occur in Africa.

Serval (Leptailurus serval)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Serval is an unusual-looking cat with very long legs, large ears and a short tail. All these adaptations are necessary for locating prey in the tall grass where it lives. It is widespread in Southern Africa, but rare in the north of the continent. This incredible feline is capable of leaping up to 3.6m to land precisely on its prey, even with its eyes closed.

While considered unusual, Serval occurs in high numbers in Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania. Surprisingly, a good place to see Servals is in the small town of Secunda in South Africa, home to the world’s largest coal liquefaction plant. The high density of Serval in such a seemingly inhospitable habitat is thought to be due to the abundance of prey, like the vlei rats and the absence of other big carnivores.

African Golden cat (Caracal aurata)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

One of the rarest species of wild cats, and the rarest wild cat in Africa, the African Golden cat occurs in the rainforest of West and Central Africa. Its preference for the dense tropical forest habitat makes it particularly difficult to spot in the wild.

There have been some sightings in Libongo Forest Concession in Cameroon, where the cats seem to be reasonably common along the access road.

Caracal (Caracal caracal) 

IUCN Status: Least concern

Caracal is the only member of the Caracal lineage with distribution extending outside of the African continent to the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Its name comes from their jet-black ears topped with tufts – caracal means ‘black ears’ in Turkish. Another acrobat, the caracal is capable of leaping 3 meters into the air and taking out several birds with one swipe.

While secretive and difficult to observe, caracals are often seen in South Africa’s parks and game reserves (Kgalagadi NP, West Coast NP, Mosaic Farms). I was lucky to spot a caracal family in Ranthambhore National Park in India where they are not often seen.

Read more: Spotting caracals in Ranthambore National Park, India

Ocelot or Leopardus Lineage

This is the most diverse lineage of wild cat species. It contains eight small spotted cats, all with Latin American distribution. This lineage is different from all others in that its members have 36 chromosomes rather than 38!

Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The ocelot occurs across South America, Central America, Mexico and Southern Texas. It is probably the most common, or rather the least uncommon of South American wild cats.

The highest density of ocelots in the world is found on Barro Colorado Island in Panama. The Transpantaneira highway in Brazil’s northern Pantanal is also a good place to look for the spotted hunter. But the best place to see them is the San Francisco Farm in the southern Pantanal. I have seen three ocelots on a single night drive; all three sightings were very relaxed and at a very close range.

Read more: Ocelots at Fazenda San Francisco in the Brazilian Pantanal

Margay (Leopardus wiedii)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Similar in appearance to the larger ocelot, the margay is a much more skilful climber. Unlike the ocelot, the margay spends most of its life in the trees. It is one of only three wild cat species with a flexible ankle joint that allows the cat to climb down trees head-first (the other two are the clouded leopard and the marbled cat).

Margays are capable of hunting entirely in the trees. They have been observed mimicking the alarm calls of baby pied tamarins to ambush them.

Tree-dwelling cats are typically more difficult to spot than their ground-dwelling relatives. Wildsumaco Lodge in Ecuador is reportedly a good place to look for Margay.

Colocolo (Leopardus colocolo)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

The colocolo includes small wild cats that were previously recognized as three different species: colocolo (L. colocolo), the Pantanal cat (L. braccatus), and the Pampas cat (L. pajeros). The recent revision of the Felidae family taxonomy by the Cat Specialist Group recognized the colocolo or the Pampas cat a single species that ranges throughout most of Argentina and Uruguay into Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, and Ecuador.

I missed colocolo at Fazenda San Francisco in the Southern Pantanal in Brazil, where they are seen about once a week.

Northern Oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The Oncilla is similar to the ocelot and the margay, but smaller. Recently the Oncilla has been split in two separate species: Northern Oncilla and Southern Oncilla. The Northern oncilla occurs in Central America, Venezuela, Guyana and north-eastern Brazil.

A good place to look for it is Bellavista Lodge near Quito in Ecuador. They are also occasionally seen in the Brazilian Pantanal.

Southern Oncilla (Leopardus guttulus)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The Southern oncilla occurs in central and southern Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and northern Argentina.

Guina (Leopardus guigna)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Also known as Kodkod, the Guina is the smallest wild cat species in South America. It occurs primarily in south and central Chile with parts of its range extending to the adjoining areas of Argentina. It is an agile climber, although it prefers to hunt on the ground, taking mainly small mammals, birds, lizards and insects.

Kodkod’s typical coat is brownish-yellow to grey-brown with dark spots, but the melanistic (black) morphs are also quite common.

A good place to look for guiña in the wild, including the unusual melanistic individuals, is Chiloe Island in Chile.

Geoffroy’s cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Similar in appearance to Guina but larger, Geoffroy’s cat has a wider distribution from Southern Bolivia to the Straits of Magellan. This is the only species of wild cats that have the habit of standing upright, using their tails for balance to scan their surroundings.

Its preference for dense habitat makes Geoffroy’s cat difficult to spot. Like guina, Geoffroy’s cat’s coat is usually tawny with black spots, although black morphs are also not uncommon. A good place to look for it is El Palmar National Park in Argentina. I visited El Palmar during the unusually rainy weather in early September, and it took me three nights to spot a single cat, a cute black morph.

Read more: Finding a black Geoffroy’s cat in El Palmar, Argentina

Andean Cat (Leopardus jacobita)

IUCN Status: Endangered

One of the world’s rarest cats, the endangered Andean cat occurs only at high elevations in the Andes in Southern Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru. Just like its bigger high-altitude dwelling relative, the snow leopard, the Andean mountain cat is one of the most rarely seen wild cats in the world. It prefers the steep, arid, sparsely vegetated and rocky terrain where it hunts mountain viscachas.

Lauca National Park and Salar de Surire National Monument in Chile have been suggested as good areas to look for the Andean cat.

Lynx Lineage

The Lynx lineage contains four separate species that are all quite similar in appearance. All four species have short tails and tufted ears.

Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) 

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The most northern member of the lynx lineage, the Canada lynx ranges across Alaska, Canada and the Northern United States. Its most distinguishing feature is the massive paws covered in thick fur. The large paws serve the purpose of snowshoes, allowing the Canada lynx to travel over snow-covered landscapes without sinking into the snow.

Lake Superior in Minnesota is reportedly a good place to spot the Canada lynx.

Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)

IUCN Status: Endangered

The world came dangerously close to losing the Iberian lynx. Fewer than a hundred cats remained scattered throughout the isolated patches of the Mediterranean scrubland in Spain by 2002. By the time the scientists realized how perilous the lynx situation was, it was almost too late to save it. Fortunately, the Iberian lynx responded well to breeding in captivity. Since 2010 more than 170 lynxes were reintroduced into the wild as part of the Save the Lynx project.

After two decades of protection and intensive conservation efforts, lynx population has grown to at least 1,365 individuals across Spain and Portugal in 2022. The best place to spot the Iberian lynx is Sierra de Andujar Natural Park, just over 100km from Cordoba. Many wildlife-watching tour agencies offer specialized Iberian Lynx tours.

I did some of my PhD fieldwork in Sierra de Andujar in 2022 and had the opportunity to watch a female lynx raising a litter of three cubs. She hunted for them, nursed them, and watched over them when her older daughter visited for a day. I can’t think of another place in the world where you could freely witness the private lives of secretive felids like that.

Read more: Watching Iberian lynx in Sierra de Andujar Natural Park, Spain

Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The Eurasian lynx is the largest member of the Lynx genus and has the widest distribution. It ranges across Siberia, Asia and Eastern Europe. While not threatened, the Eurasian lynx is a tricky cat to spot in the wild.

There are no specific, reliable places for seeing the Eurasian lynx in the wild, but occasionally they are seen on Snow leopard trips in Hemis National Park in India.

Bobcat (Lynx rufus)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Similar in appearance to the Canada lynx, Bobcat ranges from southern Canada to central Mexico. It is smaller than the Canada lynx and grows to about twice the size of a domestic cat. The cat’s name comes from its stubby (or “bobbed”) tail. Like all lynxes, the bobcat is a rabbit specialist, however, it would also take insects, chickens and other birds, rodents and even deer.

Generally, the bobcat is a common species and a good place to see them is Point Reyes Natural Seashore near San Francisco.

Puma Lineage

The Puma lineage contains the most unusual mix of feline species: one typical small cat and two oversized small cats.

Puma (Puma concolor)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

While the Puma is quite a large cat, it does not belong to the Big cat family, and therefore it is a small cat. Often referred to as cougar or mountain lion, puma ranges across South America, Mexico, the United States and parts of Southern Canada.

The best place to see a puma is Torres del Paine National Park in Chile. Although, I saw a puma with two sub-adult cubs in the aptly named Puma Valley in Corcovado National Park in Costa Rica.

Read more: Spotting pumas in Corcovado, Costa Rica

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

The cheetah is the fastest species of wild cat and the fastest animal on earth. It can go from 0 to 96km/h in just three seconds. Not only is it fast, but it is also quite nimble at high speed and can make sudden turns in pursuit of prey. Cheetah is also well adapted to life in the African heat – it only needs to drink once in four days.

Cheetah occurs in Southern, North and East Africa, and a few localities in Iran. The Iranian population, known as the Asiatic or Persian cheetah is listed as Critically Endangered with fewer than 50 individuals remaining scattered across the vast 140,000 km2 plateau.

African cheetah is quite easy to see on a safari. Good places to try are Serengeti National Park (Tanzania), Maasai Mara (Kenia), and Kruger National Park (South Africa). I saw a mother with a young cub at a kill in Kruger National Park in South Africa.

Read more: Visiting Kruger National Park

Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

With its short legs and long body, the jaguarundi is one of the oddest-looking cats. Its unspotted colouration is similar to the puma, its closest relative but different to all other South American cats. It occurs in southern North America and South America.

While not considered a threatened species, the jaguarundi is not easy to spot in the wild. Most sightings of this species happen in South America, but they are generally accidental. Most sightings happen in daylight.

Leopard Cat or Prionailurus Lineage

This is another lineage containing many (six) small wild cats. The species in this lineage all have Asian distribution.

Pallas’s cat (Otocolobus manul)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Also known as Manul, the Pallas’s cat has the longest and thickest fur of any cat species. The reason it needs such a luxurious coat is its habitat preference for the windswept landscapes of rocky slopes in Central Asia. The rocky habitat provides the cat with shelter in caves, rock crevices or even marmot burrows. Pallas’s cat’s preferred prey are pikas and voles, though they occasionally take birds as well.

Pallas’s cats are not good runners. Instead, they rely on their ability to remain undetected. When disturbed it would often freeze and become virtually invisible against the grey rocky landscape.

One of the best places to see the Pallas’s cat is on Ruoergai grassland on the Tibetan Plateau at the northern tip of China’s Sichuan province. I saw at least three different individuals in five days on the grassland.

Read more: On the trail of the Pallas’s cat on the Tibetan Plateau

Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

The smallest wild cat in the world, the Rusty-spotted cat is native to the deciduous forests of India and Sri Lanka. It grows to all of 1.6kg in weight and 48 centimetres in length. But what it may lack in stature, it makes up for with a daring attitude. It is equally at home in the trees and on the ground, where it catches its prey (mostly rodents and small birds) using rapid, darting movements.

Sri Lanka’s Wilpattu National Park is one of the best places to see the rusty-spotted cat in the wild.

Flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps)

IUCN Status: Endangered

The Flat-headed cat is an endangered small cat that occurs on the Thai-Malay Peninsula and the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. This unusual feline leads a semi-aquatic lifestyle living on riverbanks and hunting aquatic vertebrates. It is an excellent swimmer and has fascinating adaptations to hunting in the water. Its claws do not fully retract to give it more grip on the slippery river banks. Its feet are semi-webbed, which is useful for wading in the water. And its long and sharp canine teeth are excellent aids for grabbing hold of slippery aquatic prey.

These unusual cats are threatened by the increasing destruction of riverine forest habitats as more and more land is converted for oil palm plantations, human settlement and agriculture.

The only reliable place to see it is the lower Kinabatangan River in Borneo, near the village of Sukau. I have seen a single individual after four nights of searching.

Read more: In search of a Flat-headed cat in Borneo

Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)

IUCN Status: Endangered

Unusual among cats, the Fishing cats are not only unafraid of water, but they depend on it for food, much like the Flat-headed cat. Both species hunt fish and small aquatic vertebrates.

The Fishing cat has a wider distribution range across South and South East Asia. The best place to look for the Fishing cat is in Sri Lanka, around Sigiriya and on the outskirts of Yala National Park (the park itself is inaccessible after dark).

Mainland Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The most widespread of all Asian small cats, the leopard cat ranges across South, Southeast and East Asia. This species is reasonably tolerant of human disturbance and can often be found in rural areas and even among oil palm plantations.

Sunda Leopard cat (Prionailurus javanensis)

In 2017, the Sunda leopard cat, occurring on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra was separated from the mainland leopard cat on the basis of genetic analysis. It is common in Borneo, and I have seen it in both Damnum Valley and Deramakot Forest Reserve.

Read more: Searching for wild cats in Borneo

Felis Lineage

The last lineage to diverge from the common ancestor and therefore the youngest branch. The six small wild cats in this lineage are all closely related and distributed in Africa and Eurasia.

Jungle cat (Felis chaus)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The Jungle cat, also known as a swamp cat is a medium-sized cat occurring from the Middle East, to South and Southeast Asia and southern China. Jungle cats are typically diurnal hunting thought the day. My sighting of a jungle cat also happened during the day in Kanha Tiger Reserve in India.

Read more: Tigers of Kanha Tiger Reserve

Black-footed cat (Felis nigripes)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Africa’s smallest wild cat, the black-footed cat is the second smallest wild cat in the world, after the rusty-spotted cat. It is an excellent hunter, with an astonishing appetite – it can consume up to 3,000 rodents a year. Nicknamed the anthill tiger, it lives in abandoned termite mounds and wanders the surrounding savannah in search of rodents.

The Black-footed cat has a narrow distribution range in the southern part of Southern Africa. Marrick Farm Safari in South Africa is the best place to look for this species.

Sand cat (Felis margarita)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The true desert dweller, the sand cat occurs in the deserts of North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. While not threatened, this species is not very easy to see in the wild.

The sand cat has an incredibly dense coat that protects it from the chill of desert nights. The strands of thick black fur on the soles of its feet protect it against the opposite extreme – the burning-hot sand.

Most sightings of Sand cats come from Western Sahara and Jebil National Park in Southern Tunisia.

Chinese Mountain cat (Felis bieti)

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

One of the least known and the most rarely seen wild cats, the Chinese mountain cat was not even photographed in the wild until about a decade ago. It has a narrow distribution in Western China.

I saw the Chinese Mountain cat on Ruoergai grassland on the Tibetan Plateau. In four nights on the plateau, I saw the cats on three separate occasions, so it is certainly a good spot.

Read more: Chasing a ghost on the Tibetan Plateau

African and Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica)

After some recent taxonomic changes, the wildcat species have been separated into the African and Asiatic wildcat and the European wildcat. I saw the African wild cat at Kapama Reserve, near Kruger National Park in South Africa. Kafue National Park in Zambia has been suggested as a good spot for the wildcat.

Read more: Visiting Kruger National Park in South Africa

European wildcat (Felis silvestris)

IUCN Status: Least Concern

The European wildcat has a patchy distribution in the forests of Western, Southern, Central and Eastern Europe up to the Caucasus Mountains. A good place to look for the European Wildcat is in Cordillera Cantabrica in northern Spain, in the area around Boca de Huergano.

How many species of wild cats are threatened with extinction?

Wild cats face a number of anthropogenic threats such as habitat loss and fragmentation, loss of prey species and persecution by people as a result of real or perceived risks the cats pose to human livelihoods. As a result, 25 species of wild cats are currently threatened with extinction.

Five species are listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species: tiger, Borneo bay cat, Andean cat, flat-headed cat and Iberian lynx.

Thirteen more wild cat species are listed as Vulnerable: lion, leopard, snow leopard, clouded leopard, Sunda clouded leopard, African golden cat, northern oncilla, southern oncilla, guina, cheetah, fishing cat, black-footed cat and Chinese mountain cat.

And seven species of wild cats are listed as Near Threatened: jaguar, Asiatic golden cat, marbled cat, margay, colocolo, Pallas’s cat and rusty-spotted cat.

Have you seen any wild cats on your travels? I would love to read about your sightings in the comments

The 10 Best Animals To Keep As Pets

The 10 Best Animals To Keep As Pets

Key Points:
  • You probably expected dogs and cats to be on the list, but snakes and lizards make surprisingly great pets.
  • Many small pets like hamsters are nocturnal, making them a bad choice for young children.
  • Some pets have complicated habitat requirements and should be carefully considered before purchase.

boisetaxicompany.com – There are many benefits to owning pets. Whether you hope to teach your children responsibility, are looking for companionship, anxiety relief, or seeking out a new hobby, owning a pet is remarkably rewarding.

While there are many different types of animals you can choose when searching for your perfect pet, the 10 best animals to keep as pets listed below are some of the most popular and are a great place to start your search.

Here are the best pets to have:

#10: Snakes

While snakes may not be the most popular choice as a pet they are one of the best pets to have. Many people find them to be nice companions. If you live in an apartment, having a pet that doesn’t require outside exercise is nice. For those who want a pet for anxiety, the most popular small pets, such as hamsters, may not be soothing.

Snakes are quiet, clean, and low-maintenance. Because they do not defecate daily, their enclosures are easy to keep clean. Someone who travels for work may find that a snake is the perfect low-maintenance companion for their home.

Like other cold-blooded creatures, snakes need an enclosure that allows them to maintain a healthy temperature. For snakes, this means a minimum of 75 degrees at night. During the day, a higher temperature, with a basking spot that is even warmer, will keep your snake healthy and happy.

Depending on the species, your scaly friend’s favorite foods may include, amphibians, earthworms, eggs, fish, gerbils, mice, rats, or slugs.

The most important consideration when putting together an enclosure for your pet snake is an escape-proof lid. While many owners allow their snakes out to explore under supervision, it is important for their safety, that they cannot exit the enclosure on their own.

#9: Lizards

If you are looking for best pets to have for beginners that are small, don’t mark lizards off your list. Although some species are challenging, there are plenty of low-maintenance choices as well. Lizards like the leopard gecko and bearded dragon are hardy, do well on an easy-to-source diet, and are not overly picky about their habitat.

Depending on their species they may prefer a fructivorous or a herbivorous lifestyle and feed on apples, bananas, clover, dandelion, green beans, parsley, papaya, or tomatoes, or a somewhat carnivorous or insectivorous diet consisting of meal worms , slugs, and snails.

However, they are reptiles and do require specific conditions in their enclosure, such as a heat source.

Once the habitat is in place, lizards are easy to care for and have a fun personality, making them a good choice as small pets for children. As with any small pet, supervise your child around the lizard until you are confident in their ability to properly handle and care for the pet.

#8: Birds

Birds make fun and very good pets for folks who aren’t looking for cuddling. Depending on the type of bird you select, you can enjoy them for their sweet voice, beautiful plumage, or colorful personality. Birds are a great choice for someone looking for low-maintenance companionship. Birds are one of the best pets to have on this list.

Although their diet is specific to their species as is the case for every pet, most birds love to eat birdseed, fresh fruit and vegetables, and nuts. However, avocados, caffeine, chocolate, garlic, and onions are dangerous for them – just like they are for your pet canine.

#7: Hamsters

Hamsters are often considered one of the best pets to have, and they can be. It is important to realize that although they are small, they do require regular care. Like many small pets, they tend to messiness. Plan to spend a few minutes each day cleaning out their enclosure to prevent odors from developing.

While not always the most friendly choice initially, with patience, and as long as you are gentle, hamsters can quickly learn to look forward to your presence.

#6: Fish

If you are interested in a pet for anxiety, a fish may be a perfect choice. Setting up an aquarium and tending to the fish inside can become an engrossing hobby. You can have anything from a smaller tank with a single Betta to a larger aquarium, decorated with live plants and housing schooling species of fish, such as tetras. The gentle sound of water moving through the filter as you watch the fish move through their environment will become a pleasant part of your day.

#5: Rats

You may be surprised to learn that rats are great pets for beginners. They are naturally clean, are quick learners, and are social, affectionate animals. One strong argument for rats as opposed to other small pets such as hamsters is that they keep the same clock as people. While many rodents sleep during the day and are active at night, rats are alert and awake during the same time as the rest of the family.

#4: Rabbits

If you are interested in a pet for cuddling, a rabbit may be a perfect choice. It may take a little while for your pet rabbit to get comfortable being handled. While a good choice for children, it is important to take the time to show the child how to gently handle the rabbit.

Rabbits do tend to be one of the messier pets to keep in the home. Plan to clean their hutch regularly to prevent odors from developing. You can keep rabbits in an apartment, although they do often enjoy spending some supervised time outside.

#3: Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs may not be a choice that comes immediately to mind when selecting a pet for your household, but they are a charming and fun choice. They are friendly and social, are easy to handle, and quickly learn to interact with their family.

Before getting a Guinea pig, it is important to understand how social they are. They do much better if kept in pairs. Of course, this means accurately sexing the Guinea pigs or ensuring that one or both are sterilized to prevent any accidental babies.

#2: Cats

Cats can be a great low-maintenance pet for beginners. They are great for those who live in an apartment but still want a pet that doesn’t live in a tank or cage. Cats do have a reputation for having an independent nature, but that isn’t always a negative. Cats are often a better choice than dogs if you work long hours or are otherwise away from the home for extended periods.

Just because many cats are less demonstrative than dogs does not mean they aren’t affectionate. While some cats are dismissive of human contact, many are very happy to settle in beside you while you watch television or read. Most friendly cats are happy to spend time alongside their humans, whether they want to actively cuddle or not. For children, a cat is often more nimble than a small dog at avoiding getting underfoot, while not as boisterous as a large dog. Depending on the situation, a cat may be a better animal to keep as a pet than a dog.

#1: Dogs

Dogs are probably the choice that comes to mind immediately when thinking of the best animal to keep as a pet. Many dogs are good for cuddling and are probably overall the most friendly of the different common house pets, they aren’t always the best choice for every situation.

Dogs are more high maintenance than many other types of pets. Even a dog that does well when left alone for long periods will need regular exercise and a chance to use the bathroom outside. Many dogs, however, need more than this minimal attention. Dogs that are left alone for extended periods or that don’t get sufficient exercise can become anxious, which often leads to destructive behavior.

Although they’re omnivores, dogs require high-quality protein in their diets and also enjoy fresh fruit as well. Providing them with vegetables is also an excellent idea.

That said, you should avoid giving them avocados, caffeine, chocolate, garlic, or onions, as they can be dangerous for your pet canine.

8 Slowest Animals in the World
8 Slowest Animals in the World

8 Slowest Animals in the World

boisetaxicompany.com – Some animals just aren’t in a hurry. From sloths to snails, tortoises to slugs, these are some of the slowest animals in the world. While animals like the cheetah and peregrine falcon show off their graceful speed, these creatures are content to amble and creep, moving sometimes just a few feet per minute.

These animals are so slow that several of their names have become synonymous with idleness. Meet some of nature’s most lackadaisical critters.

Three-Toed Sloth

Sloths spend their days in the treetops, barely moving. Blame their lethargy on their incredibly low metabolic rate. That slow metabolism means they only need a few leaves and twigs for nutrition. They crawl at a breakneck pace of 1 foot per minute, reports National Geographic, moving so slowly that algae grow on their coats.

Although a sloth’s locomotion seems similar to other mammals, German zoologists found that their anatomical structure is quite different. They have very long arms, but very short shoulder blades. That gives them a large reach without much moving, allowing them to save energy while making the same movements as other animals.

Garden Snail

When you only have one foot, it’s difficult to move very quickly. The common garden snail has a flat, muscular organ that propels it extremely slowly along its purposeful path. To help it move, the snail releases a stream of mucus to reduce friction, reports the Dudley Zoo. That’s why you always see a trail of slime in a garden snail’s wake. A garden snail’s top speed is 1/2 inch (1.3 centimeters) per second, but it can move as slowly as about 1/10 of an inch (.28 centimeters).

Starfish

Sea stars, commonly called starfish, are hard on top with many little wiggly tube feet on the bottom. Those tiny feet help the starfish grasp surfaces and move around. But they don’t move very fast. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), an adult sunflower sea star can move at the whirlwind pace of one meter (about one yard) per minute using all 15,000 of its helpful tube feet.

Giant Tortoise

There are many subspecies of giant tortoises that live on various islands, but the most famous is the giant Galapagos tortoise. The largest living tortoise species, the Galapagos can live for 150 years or more.

Charles Darwin studied the tortoises when he was on the Galapagos in 1835. He thought they moved relatively quickly. “One large one, I found by pacing, walked at the rate of 60 yards in 10 minutes, or 360 in the hour,” he wrote in Zoology Notes. “At this pace, the animal would go four miles in the day & have a short time to rest.” However, Stephen Blake, coordinator of the Galápagos Tortoise Movement Ecology Programme, tells The BBC that their turtles move a maximum of two kilometers (1.2 miles) per hour, suggesting that “Darwin was probably chasing them.”

Banana Slug

There’s not a lot of agreement about which animal is the absolute slowest. But University of Eastern Kentucky biologist Branley Allan Branson voted for the banana slug to win top honors. “A large banana slug has been observed to cover 6.5 inches in 120 minutes,” he wrote. “At that rate, a tortoise would seem fleet-footed.”

Banana slugs move by propelling themselves along their one muscular foot. Glands on that foot secrete dry granules of mucus which then absorb surrounding water to turn into slime. That slippery substance helps lubricate their path as they slowly crawl. The banana slug also has a mucus plug at the end of its tail which it can use to generate a bungee cord of slime to rappel down from high places.

Slow Loris

Are slow lorises really slow? For the most part, the loris is a lollygagger. The animal is mostly deliberate in its actions until it goes after prey. Then it strikes with lightning speed, it stands upright, grabbing a brand with its feet and throws its body forward to nab its prey with both hands, reports Cleveland Metroparks Zoo.

This small animal may look incredibly cuddly and cute, but the slow loris is the world’s only venomous primate. The furry creature has toxins in its mouth and releases toxins from a gland on the side of its elbows. They spread the poisonous mix on their fur to deter predators or just go after them with a lethal bite.

Sea Anemone

Related to coral and jellyfish, there are more than 1,000 sea anemone species around the world. These colorful and interesting underwater creatures use their lone foot—called a pedal disc—and mucus secretions to attach themselves to shells, plants, rocks, or coral reefs. They rarely detach, waiting for fish to get close enough for lunch. But when they do move, their pace is about 4/10-inch per hour. Researchers have been able to capture their movement with time-lapse photography. They typically move in response to predators or in unfavorable conditions.

Manatee

Compared to some of these other animals, the manatee is relatively speedy. But considering their heft and disdain for movement, manatees are usually very slow. The gentle giant of the ocean—also known as the sea cow—can reach up to 13 feet long and weigh as much as 3,500 pounds. With that much heft, it’s no wonder that manatees are rarely in a hurry. Manatees usually move at a speed of only a couple of miles per hour. But if they really need to get somewhere, they can pick up the pace to as much as 20 miles per hour.

Manatees typically stay in shallow water. They don’t really have any true predators. Sharks or whales could eat them, but because they don’t live in the same water, that rarely happens. Their biggest threat is from humans. But thanks to robust conservation efforts, the West Indian manatee in Florida was removed from the endangered species list in 2017.

Why This Matters to Treehugger

Understanding the behaviors and needs of our fellow creatures is key to protecting biodiversity and habitat conservation. We hope that the more we learn about amazing species like the ones on this list, the more motivated we’ll all be to help protect them.

Top 10 Strangest Animals In The World
Top 10 Strangest Animals In The World

Top 10 Strangest Animals In The World

boisetaxicompany.com – The natural world contains about 8.7 million species – with 6.5 million species on land and 2.2 million in oceans – according to the Census of Marine Life, although many scientists say the true figure could be millions more.

Despite this staggering number, some of them ended up slightly stranger than the rest of the animal and underwater kingdom.

Frill-necked lizard

A menacing appearance with its giant frill, the frill-necked lizard, endemic to northern Australia and southern New Guinea, the docile, low-key critters are actually only interested in insects. But plenty of animals are interested in the lizard, so it has adapted its body to ward off potential predators and has the ability to run extremely fast and are capable of running on just their hind legs when they pick up speed.

Blobfish

The Blobfish is a deep-sea fish which inhabits waters just above the sea bed at depths of 600 to 1,200 meters (2,000 to 3,900 feet), off the coasts of mainland Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. (File photo)

The Blobfish is a deep-sea fish which inhabits waters just above the seabed at depths of 600 to 1,200 meters (2,000 to 3,900 feet), off the coasts of mainland Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. The blobfish is a rather odd-looking fish out of water, but this is due to the strange adaptations to its preferred waters. While many fish use gas bladders to create buoyancy, the blobfish does it by being made up of gelatinous mass with a slightly lower density than water. The blobfish is also lacking in muscle, so much of its existence is spent floating along with the current and eating whatever floats right in front of it.

Goblin shark

The goblin shark is a rare species of deep-sea shark and the only extant representative of the Mitsukurinidae family, a lineage some 125 million years old. (File photo)

The goblin shark is a rare species of deep-sea shark and the only extant representative of the Mitsukurinidae family, a lineage some 125 million years old. This pink-skinned animal has a a long, pointy snout and crooked, nail-like teeth and can move incredibly fast. It is usually between 3 and 4 m (10 and 13 ft) long when mature, though it can grow considerably larger such as one captured in 2000 that is thought to have measured 6 m (20 ft).

Komondor Dog

A woman runs with her Komondor dog as its judged in a show ring on the second day of the Crufts dog show at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham, central England, on March 8, 2019. (File photo: AFP)

The Komondor, also known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a large, white-colored Hungarian breed of livestock guardian dog with long, noticeably corded white looks like dreadlocks or a mop. The coat is soft and feathery. But the coat is curly and tends to twist as the puppy matures. A fully mature coat is shaped naturally from the soft basecoat and the coarser outer coat uniting to form fringes.

Echidna

An echidna is displayed by wildlife personnel at Martin Place public square in Sydney’s central district as Australia’s zoo and aquarium association celebrate the National Threatened Species Day on September 7, 2012. (File photo: AFP)

The first of a number of Australian animals on this list, the echidna, sometimes known as spiny anteaters, is one of two members of the monotreme order of mammals, which means that it does not birth live young, but lays eggs. They are covered in spines, and have long snouts lined with electroreceptors, a feature only found on land in echidnas and platypuses.

Aye-aye

Overseer of small mammals at Bristol Zoo Gardens Caroline Brown with the young aye aye named Raz, (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in Bristol Zoo in Bristol, England, Wednesday Jan. 9, 2007. The aye aye is only the second of his species to be born in Britain. The rare species of lemur, hunted to near-extinction and seen as a bad omen in its native Madagascar, has been born at the Zoo. (File photo: AP Photo)

With bulging eyes, giant ears, and tufts of hair, the Aye-aye is a long-fingered lemur, a strepsirrhine primate native to Madagascar with rodent-like teeth that perpetually grow and a special thin middle finger. It is the world’s largest nocturnal primate. It is characterized by its unusual method of finding food: it taps on trees to find grubs, then gnaws holes in the wood using its forward-slanting incisors to create a small hole in which it inserts its narrow middle finger to pull the grubs out.

Axolotl

View of an Axolotl (Ambystoma Mexicanum) in a channel of Xochimilco, southern Mexico City, on August 29, 2014. The wild axolotls are near extinction due to urbanization in Mexico City and water pollution. (File photo: AFP)

Also known as the Mexican walking fish, the Axolotl is one of the most unique amphibians in the world. Aside from the genial outward appearance, the amphibian is neotenic, meaning that the adults remain aquatic and gilled instead of going through a metamorphosis when reaching maturity. They also have the ability to regenerate almost any of their body parts. While axolotls are nearly extinct in their native Mexico, they have thrived in captivity, and have become prized by the scientific world as well as by civilians as pets.

Platypus

An undated handout photo received from Taronga Zoo on March 4, 2021 shows a platypus held in the arms of a zoo staff member. (File photo: AFP)

An egg-laying mammal, that it is semi-aquatic, nocturnal and venomous, the Platypus -sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus – is endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania. The mammel have evolved electroreception to help locate prey, much like bats and sharks, but has almost 40,000 electroreceptors, providing incredible accuracy. This little creature – they only grow up to around 50 centimeters in length – is one of the only creatures in the world to be the one and only representative of its family and genus for scientific classification.

Dumbo octopus

A Dumbo octopus swims toward the Pisces V submersible at the summit of the Cook seamount during a dive to the previously unexplored underwater volcano off the coast of Hawaii’s Big Island on Sept. 6, 2016. Seamounts are hotspots for marine life because they carry nutrient-rich water upward from the sea floor. (AP Photo/Caleb Jones)

Given their resemblance to the title character of Disney’s 1941 film Dumbo, having a prominent ear-like fin which extends from the mantle above each eye, it is clear how this species got its name. It lives at least 13,100 feet (4,000 m) below the surface. The largest Dumbo octopus ever recorded was five feet 10 inches (1.8 m) long and weighed 13 pounds (5.9 kilograms). Life at these extreme depths requires the ability to live in very cold water and in the complete absence of sunlight. Dumbo octopuses move by slowly flapping their ear-like fins, and they use their arms to steer.

Sloth

A two-toed sloth, enjoys a piece of squash as she is presented to visitors at SeaWorld in San Diego, California, US, May 31, 2017. (Reuters)

Sloths are mammals that live in the Central and South America and are deemed to be omnivores, as they can eat small lizards and insects, but their meals include generally buds and leaves. Sloths have made unusual adaptations to an arboreal lifestyle. Sloths own very huge and slow-acting stomachs that have many sections in which symbiotic bacteria crash the harsh leaves.

Turritopsis nutricula

A hydroid jellyfish of the family Oceanidae, the Turritopsis nutricula is originally from the Caribbean Sea, but now it’s found around the world, in all the warm and tropical seas. (File photo)

A hydroid jellyfish of the family Oceanidae, the Turritopsis nutricula is originally from the Caribbean Sea, but now it’s found around the world, in all the warm and tropical seas. Since scientists spotted it in Colombia, it has also been seen near Japan and in the Mediterranean Sea. It is tall with a transparent and gelatinous skin. The young organisms have eight tentacles, and the adults can have 80–90 tentacles. It has a big red stomach inside, and it can shine in the dark.

Megalodon: The Truth About the Largest Shark That Ever Lived
Megalodon: The Truth About the Largest Shark That Ever Lived

Megalodon: The Truth About the Largest Shark That Ever Lived

https://boisetaxicompany.com/ – As one of the largest predators to have ever lived, megalodon captures people’s imagination – and for good reason. But was this apex predator simply a beefed-up great white shark, and is it still lurking in the dark depths of the ocean?

Emma Bernard, who curates the Museum’s fossil fish collection (including fossil sharks), helps separate fact from fiction.

How big is a megalodon?

The earliest megalodon fossils (Otodus megalodon, previously known as Carcharodon or Carcharocles megalodon) date to 20 million years ago. For the next 13 million years the enormous shark dominated the oceans until becoming extinct just 3.6 million years ago.

O. megalodon was not only the biggest shark in the world, but one of the largest fish ever to exist.

This giant shark is well-known for starring in the 2018 megalodon movie, The Meg. But in reality, these animals were a little shorter than the 23-metre-long fictional monster it depicted.

Estimates suggest megalodon actually grew to between 15 and 18 metres in length, three times longer than the largest recorded great white shark. It may have been comparable in length to today’s biggest whale sharks, the largest of which has measured in at 18.8 metres.

Without a complete megalodon skeleton to measure, these figures are based on tooth size. Megalodon teeth can reach 18 centimetres long. In fact, the word megalodon simply means ‘large tooth’. These teeth can tell us a lot, such as what these massive animals ate.

Research from 2022 suggests that megalodon’s size may have been affected by where it lived, with those in colder water growing to larger sizes.

What did megalodon eat?

Emma explains, ‘With its large serrated teeth megalodon would have eaten meat – most likely whales and large fish, and probably other sharks. If you are that big you need to eat a lot of food, so large prey is required.’

This would have included animals as small as dolphins and as large as humpback whales.

We have other evidence of megalodon’s feeding habits in the form of fossilised whale bones. Some of these have been found with the cut marks of megalodon teeth etched in the surface. Others even include the tips of teeth broken off in the bone during a feeding frenzy that occurred millions of years ago.

Megalodon jaws

In order to tackle prey as large as whales, megalodon had to be able to open its mouth wide. It is estimated that its jaw would span 2.7 by 3.4 metres wide, easily big enough to swallow two adult people side-by-side.

These jaws were lined with 276 teeth, and studies reconstructing the shark’s bite force suggest that it may have been one of the most powerful predators ever to have existed.

Humans have been measured with a bite force of around 1,317 Newtons (N), while great white sharks have been predicted to be able to bite down with a force of 18,216N. Researchers have estimated that megalodon had a bite of between 108,514 and 182,201N.

What did megalodon look like?

Most reconstructions show megalodon looking like an enormous great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. This is now believed to be incorrect.

O. megalodon likely had a much shorter nose, or rostrum, when compared with the great white, with a flatter, almost squashed jaw. Like the blue shark, it also had extra-long pectoral fins to support its weight and size.

‘A lot of reconstructions have megalodon looking like a bigger version of the great white shark because for a long time people thought they were related,’ explains Emma. ‘We now know that this is not the case, and megalodon is actually from a different lineage of shark of which megalodon was the last member.’

The oldest definitive ancestor of megalodon is a 55-million-year-old shark known as Otodus obliquus, which grew to around 10 metres in length. But the evolutionary history of this shark is thought to stretch back to Cretalamna appendiculata, dating to 105 million years old – making the lineage of megalodon over 100 million years old.

‘As we’ve found more and more fossils, we’ve realised that the ancestor to the great white shark lived alongside megalodon. Some scientists think they might even have been in competition with each other,’ says Emma.

Where did the megalodon live?

O. megalodon was adapted to warm tropical and subtropical locations around the globe. The species was so widely spread that megalodon teeth have been found on every continent except Antarctica.

‘We can find lots of their teeth off the east coast of North America, along the coasts and at the bottom of saltwater creeks and rivers of North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida,’ explains Emma. This is likely due in part to the age of the rocks, but also because they can easily be found on the sea floor allowing collectors to go diving for them.

‘They are also quite common off the coast of Morocco and parts of Australia. They can even be found in the UK near Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex,’ says Emma, although they are extremely rare in the UK and tend to be of poor quality.

Are megalodon teeth rare?

Almost all fossil remains of megalodon are teeth.

Sharks continually produce teeth throughout their entire lives. Depending on what they eat, sharks lose a set of teeth every one to two weeks, getting through up to 40,000 teeth in their lifetime. This means that shark teeth are continuously raining down onto the ocean floor, increasing the chance that they will get fossilised.

Teeth are also the hardest part of a shark’s skeleton. While our bones are coated in the mineral calcium phosphate, shark skeletons are made entirely from softer cartilage like our nose and ears. Megalodon teeth have been found on every continent except Antarctica

So while the more robust teeth become fossilised relatively easily, only in very special circumstances will soft tissue be preserved.

Fossilised megalodon vertebrae about the size of a dinner plate have also been found.

‘There is also a megalodon fossil found in Peru that apparently has the braincase and all the teeth, with a small string of vertebrae,’ says Emma, ‘although I have yet to see high-quality images of this specimen.’

This extraordinary fossil may help create a better picture of what these gigantic predators looked like.

Why did megalodon go extinct?

We know that megalodon had become extinct by the end of the Pliocene (2.6 million years ago), when the planet entered a phase of global cooling. Precisely when the last megalodon died is not known, but new evidence suggests that it was at least 3.6 million years ago.

Scientists think that up to a third of all large marine animals, including 43% of turtles and 35% of sea birds, became extinct as temperatures cooled and the number of organisms at the base of the food chain plummeted, resulting in a knock-on effect to the predators at the top.

The cooling of the planet may have contributed to the extinction of the megalodon in a number of ways.

As the adult sharks were dependent on tropical waters, the drop in ocean temperatures likely resulted in a significant loss of habitat. It may also have resulted in the megalodon’s prey either going extinct or adapting to the cooler waters and moving to where the sharks could not follow.

Megalodon is also thought to have given birth to its young close to the shore. These shallow coastal waters would have provided a nursery for the pups, protecting them from predators that were lurking in the open water, like the larger toothed whales. As ice formed at the poles and the sea level dropped, these pupping grounds would have been destroyed.

A study from 2022 suggests that competition with great white sharks for food may also have contributed to megalodon’s downfall. Studies of fossilised megalodon and great white teeth show that their diets overlapped.

Is the megalodon still alive?

‘No. It’s definitely not alive in the deep oceans, despite what the Discovery Channel has said in the past,’ notes Emma.

‘If an animal as big as megalodon still lived in the oceans we would know about it.’

The sharks would leave telltale bite marks on other large marine animals, and their huge teeth would continue littering the ocean floors in their tens of thousands. Not to mention that as a warm-water species, megalodon would not be able to survive in the cold waters of the deep, where it would have a better chance of going unnoticed.

Discover more about megalodon and shark evolution with Emma Bernard in the video below.

10 Strange Animals in the Mariana Trench
10 Strange Animals in the Mariana Trench

10 Strange Animals in the Mariana Trench

https://boisetaxicompany.com/ – The Mariana Trench reaches 1,580 miles and 2,550 kilometers and a maximum width of 69 kilometers or 43 miles. The maximum known depth is 10,984 meters or 36,037 feet. The water pressure at the bottom of the trench is incredible, more than 1,071 times the normal atmospheric pressure at sea level. Living in this excellent habitat are some of the world’s most exciting and surprising animals. Explore a few of them below.

10 of the STRANGEST Mariana Trench Animals

The Mariana Trench is in the western Pacific Ocean, around 200 kilometers, or 124 miles, from the Mariana Islands. The trench is the deepest point in the world’s oceans, home to some of the strangest ocean creatures.

Dumbo Octopus

The deepest known living octopus

The dumbo octopus, also known as grimpotheuthis, is a genus of pelagic umbrella octopuses. The name originates from the creature’s resemblance to the character Dumbo from the 1941 Disney film of the same name. The Dumbo octopus was first discovered around 1883, but the first specimen was not seen until the 1990s after the first deep-sea submersible vessels were invented.

The dumbo octopus is small compared to other octopods, averaging between 20 and 30 centimeters. The octopus’s gelatinous body allows it to exist at the highly pressured depths it prefers. Extreme pressure keeps its body together, and if brought to the surface, its body would not be able to work correctly. ~

Angler Fish

It has a bright lure on the end of its head to lure prey

The Angler Fish can be found very deep in the Trench, where it is particularly dark

Frilled Shark

Species is more than 80 million years old

The Frilled Shark is a scary-looking deep-sea shark

The frilled shark was discovered in the 19th century by German ichthyologist Ludwig H.P. Döderlein. It is often referred to as a “living fossil” due to its eery appearance and the shape of its mouth.

The shark has an eel-like body that’s dark brown to grey in color and amphistyly, referring to the articulation of the jaws to the head. Their teeth are widely spaced between 19 and 28 in the upper jaw and 21 to 29 in the lower jaw.

They live near the ocean floor, such as in and around the Mariana Trench, and near biologically productive areas.

Goblin Shark

Still unclear what the unusual snout is for

The goblin shark is a rare species of shark. Its unusual and “creepy” appearance is often described as fossil-like (similar to the frilled shark). It has pink-toned skin and a distinctive snout shape. It is elongated and flat with a protruding jaw and skinny, incredibly sharp teeth.

They can grow to be around 10-13 feet in length and are rarely seen by human beings. This is mostly due to the fact that they live so deep in the ocean, around 100 meters or 330 feet.

Telescope Octopus

The telescope octopus is a transparent, eight-armed octopus that is almost entirely colorless. Their arms are the same size, and they are the only octopus to have tubular eyes. It is incredibly unusual to observe and was originally documented by Dr. William Evans Hoyle in 1885. The octopus is a rare species, meaning there is little that scientists, and the general public, know about the marine creature. But it’s believed to be a close relative of the glass octopus.

Zombie Worms

Zombie worms, also known as Osedax, are a type of deep-sea siboglinid polychaetes. The word “Osedax” means “bone-eater” in Latin and refers to the worm’s ability to bore into and eat bones from whale carcasses. They do so in an attempt to reach lipids enclosed inside the bone. They use special root tissues for bone boring.

Barreleye Fish

The Barreleye Fish is another interesting deep-sea creature. They are also sometimes known as spook fish and are found in the temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The fish are named for the shape of their eyes, which look like tubes or barrels. They are directed upwards in order to allow the fish to detect prey more easily.

Deep-sea Dragonfish

The Deep-sea Dragonfish, also known as the scaleless dragonfish, is a deep-sea predator. It, like the angler fish, produces its own light. They have large teeth, especially compared to their size. The fish are only six inches long, but they have a dragon-like feature that makes them appear as a vicious predator. It creates its light through a process known as bioluminescence. The light is created through the animal’s photophore. The fish uses it to attract prey and potential mates.

Sea Cucumber

The sea cucumber is a small echinoderm from the class Holothuroidea. They are marina animals with leather-textured skin. Their bodies are long and found on the seafloor around the world. There are around 1,700 species of holothurian around the world, but most are concentrated around the Asian Pacific region. Some of these live in the depths of the Mariana Trench.

They are named for their shape, which clearly resembles a cucumber. Sometimes, sea cucumbers are gathered for human consumption, but they play an important role in marine ecosystems. They break down detritus and other matter, cleaning their ecosystems.

Snailfish

Snailfish are an unusual and interesting species that live in the Arctic to Antarctic Oceans. There are more than 410 species of snailfish known to science. But there are other undescribed species. They live in depths ranging from the surface to 26,200 feet or around 8,000 meters. Unfortunately, snailfish are uncommonly studied, and little is known about their lives or habits. They are scaleless, though, with loose skin. Their teeth are small, and they have prominent sensory pores on their heads.

FAQs

Do any animals live in the Mariana Trench?

Yes, many different animals live in the Mariana Trench. Most of these are rarely seen by human beings and have different, interesting attributes.

Is the Mariana Trench toxic?

Deep in the Mariana Trench, there are still examples of human-caused pollution. For example, scientists have discovered mercury pollution there.

Does Megalodon exist in Mariana Trench?

It is very unlikely that Megalodon still exists. But, if it did, it would live in the upper part of the water over the trench rather than in its depths.

Amazing! 12 Types Of Hybrid Animals That Actually Exist

Amazing! 12 Types Of Hybrid Animals That Actually Exist

Key Points:

  • A wholphin, a cross between a female bottle-nosed dolphin and a male false killer whale, is one of the rarest hybrid animals on earth.
  • A liger comes from the offspring of a male lion and a female tiger, whereas the tigon is created by mating a female lion with a male tiger. Ligers are born much larger than their parents and favor the lion’s father, while tigons are smaller in size than their parents and favor the tiger’s father.
  • The zebroid, the cross between a zebra and a horse, is usually infertile. Zebra hybrids usually have the appearance of whichever animal they have been crossbred with while still retaining the striped coat of a pure zebra.
  • Is there a deer-snake hybrid? Read on to learn if this animal really exists or if this is a hoax.

What is a hybrid animal? What are the different types of hybrid animals? Are they creatures that only exist in fables and myths? No! In fact, many crossbred animals are real!

Hybrid animals are usually the reproductive result of intercourse between two similar animals, like lions and tigers. Lab hybrid animals also exist. Scientists call the process “somatic hybridization,” and it allows them to manipulate genes to create new species with useful traits from both parents.

Check out https://boisetaxicompany.com/ for 12 real examples of incredible hybrid animals.

How Common Are Hybrid Animals?

Hybrid animals are not as common as purebred animals. While it is rare, it does occur naturally in the wild. A hybrid animal is the result of breeding between two different species or subspecies of animals.

Some examples of hybrid animals include the mule (a cross between a horse and a donkey), the liger (a cross between a lion and a tiger), and the wholphin (a cross between a common bottlenose dolphin and a false killer whale).

Hybrid animals can also be created in captivity, by zoos and breeding facilities, for conservation and preservation purposes.

However, the offspring of these hybrids may not be able to breed, or even if they could, it could be unethical to continue breeding hybrids as it could lead to genetic problems later on in the lineage.

What Are The Benefits?

Hybrid animals, also known as crossbreeds, are created by combining two different animal species. Hybrids have been around for centuries and were originally developed to create a desired physical trait or behavior in an animal. For example, the mule was bred from a male donkey and a female horse to produce an animal with greater strength than either parent species alone.

There are several potential benefits of hybrid animals over purebreds. One benefit is that they tend to be healthier due to increased genetic diversity, which results in a reduced risk of hereditary diseases common among purebreds, like hip dysplasia in dogs. Hybrid animals can also possess traits from both parents, such as greater intelligence or athleticism compared to their purebred counterparts. Additionally, hybrids may require less maintenance than certain purebreds since they do not need specialized grooming or diet plans like some breeds do for optimal health and well-being.

1. Liger: Male Lion And Female Tiger Hybrid Animal

The offspring of a male lion and female tiger, the liger is probably the most famous hybrid animal of all and the largest of the big cats.

Ligers are usually much bigger than either parent. The largest non-obese liger in the world weighs 1,000 pounds, and the heaviest one ever recorded weighed an astounding 1,600 pounds.

Unlike some hybrid animals, it would be nearly impossible to find ligers in the wild because lions and tigers don’t naturally inhabit the same regions.

They usually look and behave more like lions than tigers, but they do show tiger traits such as a love for swimming and striped backs.

You can read more about ligers here.

2. Tigon: Male Tiger and Female Lion Hybrid Animal

Nobody could fault you for thinking a tigon should basically be the exact same animal as a liger. After all, they’re both mixes of lions and tigers.

However, when a male tiger mates with a female lion, the resulting offspring is a tigon.

Tigons are much smaller than ligers, and they tend to be smaller than both of their parents. They typically look more like their tiger fathers, but they possess traits from their lion mothers, such as the ability to roar and love for socialization.

These animal hybrids do not exceed the size of their parent species because they inherit growth-inhibitory genes from both parents, but they do not exhibit any kind of dwarfism or miniaturization; they often weigh around 180 kilograms (400 lb).

3. Wholphin: False Killer Whale and Dolphin Hybrid Animal

Wholphins are one of the rarest hybrid animals. They come from the crossbreeding of a female bottle-nosed dolphin and a male false killer whale (a member of the dolphin family that isn’t related to killer whales).

Citizen wholphin sightings in the wild are common, but concrete evidence still eludes scientists. Currently, we can only reliably see these animal hybrids in captivity.

Wholphins are an extremely interesting balance of their parents. Their skin is dark gray — the perfect blend of light gray dolphin skin and black false killer whale skin. They also have 66 teeth, which is the precise average for dolphins’ 88 teeth and the false killer whale’s 44 teeth.

4. Leopon: Leopard and Lion Hybrid Animal

Leopons are beautiful and uncommon hybrids resulting from a male leopard and female lion union.

Leopons grow to be nearly as large as lions, but they have shorter legs like a leopard. The animal hybrids also have other leopard traits, including love for water and climbing chops.

Did You Know? When a male lion mates with a leopardess, the resulting offspring is called a lipard. Male lions are typically about 10 feet long and weigh around 500 pounds, but a female leopard is usually only about 5 feet long and weighs about 80 pounds. Because of the immense size difference between a male lion and a female leopard, this pairing happens very rarely.

5. Beefalo: Buffalo and Cow Hybrid Animal

Beefalo is the hybridization of buffalo and domestic cattle.

In most cases, breeders create beefalo by pairing a domesticated bull with a female American bison. Unlike many other types of animal hybrids, beefalo are able to reproduce on their own, which is useful.

These animals were intentionally crossbred by humans to improve beef production and carry the best traits of both species. They produce leaner, more flavorful meat like bison, but are more docile and easier to raise like domestic cattle.

Typically, beefalo are 37.5% bison and mostly resemble cattle. Some breeds are 50% or more bison and are sometimes called “cattalo.” In addition, any hybrid that resembles a bison more than a cow is usually considered an “exotic animal” rather than a livestock.

6. Grolar Bear: Grizzly and Polar Bear Hybrid Animal

Grolar bears, as you might expect, are a cross between a grizzly bear and polar bear.

These animals are also sometimes called “pizzly bears,” and some First Nations peoples call them “nanulak,” which is a blend of their words for a polar bear, “nanuk,” and grizzly bear, “aklak.”

Grolar bears are interesting because, generally speaking, polar bears and grizzlies have a mutual contempt for one another and will rarely coexist in captivity or in their natural habitats. However, extreme situations and human interventions have produced more of these adorably shaggy, caramel-colored hybrid bears.

They typically grow to be slightly smaller than polar bears, averaging 60 inches tall at the shoulder and around 1,000 pounds, but they’re better able to survive in warmer climates thanks to their grizzly bear genes.

7. Jaglion: Jaguar and Lion Hybrid Animal

Another stunning and intriguing big cat hybrid is the jaglion, which comes from the mating of a male jaguar and a female lion.

Not much is known about jaglions simply because so few exist. However, an unintentional mating between a black jaguar and a lioness resulted in two jaglion cubs. One has the coloring of a lion and the rosette-pattern spotting of a jaguar, but the other sports a breathtaking dark gray coat with black spotting thanks to the dominant melanin gene found in black jaguars.

Offspring produced by the opposite pairing of a male lion and a female jaguar is called liguars.

8. Zebroid: Zebra and Horse Hybrid Animal

Technically, a zebroid is actually a hybrid of a zebra and any equine species. When paired with a horse, the result is called a “zorse.”

Zebra hybrids are usually infertile and pairings are rare. For example, we call the offspring of a male donkey and a female zebra a ‘hinny,’ but they’re extremely uncommon.

Zebra hybrids usually have the appearance of whichever animal they have been crossbred with while still retaining the striped coat of a pure zebra. Most of these hybrid animals don’t have fully striped coats. Instead, the stripes are usually found on just the legs or non-white areas of the body, depending on the genetics of the non-zebra parent.

For more information about the zorse, click here.

9. Geep: Goat and Sheep Hybrid Animal

One of the cutest and cuddliest hybrid animals is the geep, an endearing cross between a goat and a sheep.

Despite being absolutely adorable, the geep is exceptionally rare. Some experts debate whether or not the geep is a true hybrid or simply a sheep with genetic abnormalities. After all, since goats and sheep carry different numbers of chromosomes, cross-species conception is nearly impossible. If it happens, very few babies are carried to term, and even fewer survive birth.

Regardless, looking at pictures of these animals is sure to make you smile.

10. Cama: Camel and Llama Hybrid Animal

Like beefalo, the cama was created to produce an animal that was more economically viable than either of its parents.

Camas are hybrids of dromedary camels and llamas, typically via artificial insemination. This is the best and safest way to breed them since male dromedary camels can weigh six times more than female llamas, and the reverse pairing isn’t fruitful.

Camas don’t have camel humps and are covered in soft, fleecy fur similar to llamas’. They were bred with the intent of creating a mega-wool-producing animal that’s strong and docile enough to be used as a pack animal in desert climates.

11. Savannah Cat: Domestic Cat and African Serval Hybrid Animal

Savannah cats may be house pets, but they’re also exotic hybrids — the result of breeding a domestic cat with a wild African serval.

Savannahs are striking animals that are around the same size as a large domestic cat. However, their tall bodies, slender forms, and spotted coats give them a wild, exotic appearance. Savannah cats with more serval blood can be twice as large as domestic cats! So anyone interested in owning one should do plenty of careful research.

Savannah cats are extremely intelligent, loyal, and loving creatures. Plus, they are considered prized household pets.

12. Green Sea Slug: Algae and Slug Hybrid Animal

Possibly the most unusual hybrid animal on this list is the green sea slug. It is a sea slug that incorporates genetic material from the algae it eats into its own DNA. The strange result is a plant-animal hybrid that can consume food like an animal or create its own nutrients via photosynthesis.

Scientists call these sea slugs “emerald green elysia.” Their ability to turn solar energy into food is what gives them their brilliant green hue.

Scientists acknowledge that they will have to do more research in order to determine how this phenomenon happens. But as of now, this is the only successful instance of gene transfer from one type of complex organism to another.

Other Notable Hybrid Animals

While we covered 12 hybrid animals, there are more. Others include:

  • Coywolf–Coyote and Wolf
  • Narluga–Narwal and Beluga
  • Dzo–Cow and Wild Yak
  • Mulard–Mallard and Muscovy Duck
  • Żubroń–Cow and European Bison
  • Zonkey–Zebra and Donkey
10 Most Expensive Animals in the World, Start from $16 Million
10 Most Expensive Animals in the World, Start from $16 Million

10 Most Expensive Animals in the World, Start from $16 Million

boisetaxicompany.com – Animals are one of the most loyal creatures in the world. Besides being adorable and the most admired beings on earth, they can also be one of the most expensive too. These animals usually have different feathers, different colors, motifs or even rare shapes. The most expensive animals in the world are found in many parts of the African and European continents.

Here are 10 most expensive animals around the world:

1. Green Monkey, $16 million

The green monkey is actually a horse and not a monkey. An expensive horse. The green monkey horse is very rare and expensive because of its speed and beauty. It’s widely used for horse racing and has a winning crown in many competitions. Reportedly, this animal ran an eighth of a mile in just under 9.8 seconds during his first race.

Just like humans, animals have an interesting history, maybe even more extensive, maybe even better than humans. As a racing horse, Green Monkey only entered the race three times before he retired. In fact, he could only end the race in 3rd place despite being the winner’s favorite. After retiring, this horse lived in Florida as a breeder male for only $66 million.

2. Missy, $1,2 million

Missy is a breed of cattle that is very expensive animals in the world. It’s because of his speed that he won several championships. Known to have won many titles as a show cow, she is said to produce 50% more milk than a regular cow. These cows are of high quality and of great standards especially in the agricultural industry.

3. Tibetan Mastiff, $582 thousand

Tibetan Mastiffs are one of the largest dogs in the world. The most attractive and expensive dog ever sold. This dog is rare and has colors such as black, red, gray, pure white and brown. The most amazing thing about this dog is that it does not have the unpleasant odor that is present in ordinary dogs.

4. Sir Lancelot Encore, $155 thousand

Sir Lancelot is actually the first clone dog, who was made in memory of an original dog named Lancelot. The couple who owned the dog were heartbroken after the death of their pet and decided to have him cloned.

5. White Lion Cubs, $138 thousand

White lion cubs are not like ordinary lion breeds. These animals have the same white pigmentation as their eye color. It is believed they are in a South African nature reserve. It is estimated that there are fewer than 300 species worldwide.

6. Stag Beetle, $89 thousand

The Stag Beetle is the rarest and strangest species in the world. These animals have blood-red mandibles and prominent horns hanging from their black heads.

This insect belongs to the Lucanidae family which consists of 1200 insect classes. This insect also has a length of about 2-3 inches, this is what makes this insect expensive.

7. Palm Cockatoo, $16 thousand

The Palm Cockatoo also known as the Goliath Cockatoo is a large gray or black parrot of the cockatoo family. It is the only member in the subfamily and the only member of the monotypic genus, Probosciger.

Its unique position in the cockatoo family has been confirmed by molecular studies. It has a unique red cheek patch that changes color when the bird is excited or worried.

8. Hyacinth Macaw, $14 thousand

This macaw is native to central and eastern South America. It’s the largest macaw and the largest flying parrot in the world. These animals have very strong beaks to feed on their natural diet, which includes hard seeds and nuts.

Its powerful beak can even crack coconuts, large Brazil nut pods, and macadamia nuts. In addition, they eat other fruits and vegetables. Pine nuts are also one of the most popular foods for Hyacinth Macaws.

9. De Brazza’s Monkey, $10 thousand

The De Brazza monkey looks very old and is the most expensive animal known in the world. It is also called the swamp monkey and its name comes from the French traveler.

These monkeys are hard to find because they have a very different and unique style of camouflage. Their life span is between 22 to 30 years. They live in Central Africa and they always travel in large groups.

10. Toucan, $10 thousand

These animals have large and colorful beaks and the family includes about forty different species.

The name of this group of birds comes from Tupi Tucana in Portuguese. The toucan’s legs are short and strong. Their toes are arranged in pairs with the first and fourth toes turned back. The majority of toucans show no sexual attraction in their coloration. The fur on these animals is generally black, with white, yellow, and dark red patches.

Big Five | Animals in South Africa
Big Five | Animals in South Africa

Big Five | Animals in South Africa

boisetaxicompany.com – There are some most impressive South Africa animals! Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.

South African animals you should know about

Among the South African animal species are some of the world’s tallest, fastest or even tiniest animals such as the majestic giraffe, the speedy cheetah or the tiny pygmy shrew.

Several animal species are endangered such as the African wild dogs, the oribi or the rhino which is hunted for its horn. Many wild animals are kept and protected in national parks or private game reserves.

Conservation efforts in South Africa have been successful in growing populations of the mountain zebra and bontebok, an antelope species that only exists in South Africa.

The Blue Crane is the South African national bird. It is one of the vulnerable bird species that are native to South Africa.

Over 850 species of birds live in South Africa, many can only be found here. Among the typical African bird species that can be seen in South Africa are the ostrich, kingfishers, sunbirds and the blue crane.

South Africa Animals | Big Five

And then of course, there are the Big Five: elephant, buffalo, rhinoceros, lion and the leopard.

The term ‘Big Five’ is used to describe the power and strength of the animals. The term was coined last century as these five animals were the most difficult to be hunted on foot.

The ‘Big Five’ are shown on the South African bank notes.

15 Animals in South Africa you should know about

1. Springbok

The springbok is the national animal of South Africa. Springboks are very common in rural areas and on many farms. The springbok belongs to the Antelope species that includes over 90 different species, that are mostly native to the African continent.

The springbok is very common in the bush veld and in deserts of South Africa. This antelope can jump up to 2 m/ 6.5 ft high. Watch them jump here. Did you know that the South African rugby team is called “The Springboks”?

2. Lion

These big cats live in prides that are led by a male lion. Lions are only encountered in enclosures or private game reserves as well as some national parks. The Southern African lions are the largest of the lion species.

3. Elephant

The African elephant is the largest land-based mammal and can grow up to almost 4 m/13 ft tall. Elephants live in tight-knit families and are very protective of their young.

Elephants have an excellent memory. Sadly there are only few wild elephants left in South Africa, elephants are endangered and thus kept in national parks such as Kruger Park or Addo Park as they are hunted for their tusks.

4. Buffalo

These huge animals can be spotted near waterholes in many South African national parks. They usually move in herds and can be really aggressive!

Remember, buffalos belong to South Africa’s “Big Five”.

5. Rhinoceros

South Africa animals: There are white and black rhinos, both of which are massive and strong. They cannot see well, but smell their prey. These endangered species are poached for their precious horn.

Although the black and white rhino can hardly be distinguished by their skin colour, it’s quite easy to recognise the rhinoceros species. The white rhinos have a broad lip and are called friendly, as they are not as aggressive as the black rhinos, which have a small lip and look more threatening.

6. Leopard

In South Africa, the leopard lives mainly in game reserves. Only a few of these big cats are left to roam freely in the remote bush veld. They hunt at night but during the day, they usually hide on or under trees.

Leopards can also be spotted occasionally on rocks or craggy hills.

7. Baboon

Baboons are cheeky monkeys that can often be seen along the roadside in South Africa.

They can be quite curious and are also known to approach people, but be careful and do not touch or feed them, they’re quite strong and have very sharp teeth.

8. Hippopotamus

Hippopotamuses (also known as hippos) are the most dangerous mammals. Hippos cannot swim, they only walk or run underwater!

In St Lucia, a small town in the iSimangeliso wetlands, you can encounter hippos at night when they roam the streets in search for water or food. See our link in the resources below for more info and photos.

9. Pygmy shrew

South Africa animals: The pygmy shrew is the world’s smallest mammal. The tiny shrew which looks like a mouse is only 8 cm/3 inches long and weighs less than 4 g/a teaspoon of sugar.

10. Whale

South Africa animals: There are eight species of whales in South African waters. Southern Right Whales can be seen along the entire western and southern coastline, where they can be seen from May to December.

The town of Hermanus, a three-hours drive from Cape Town, even has its own whale crier, who announces when whales are in the bay, this it is a major spectacle.

11. African penguin

There are three penguin colonies in South Africa. Two of the penguin sites are at Boulders Beach near Cape Town, where you can even swim with penguins!

Read more about African penguins here.

12. Ostrich

The largest of the bird species are flightless, but grow up to 2.7 m/ 8.8 ft tall. They roam the countryside freely but are kept also on large ostrich farms. The town of Oudtshoorn  in south-western South Africa is known as the ‘ostrich capital of the world’!

Ostriches have big eyes, but a very small brain! Their eggs are huge and weigh up to 1.9kg/ 4 pounds! One egg can be feed up to 19 people at a time!

Be aware that ostriches have a powerful kick, which can kill a person. So when you see an ostrich approach, lie flat on the ground, so they cannot kick you!

13. Sharks

There are several shark species swimming in South African waters. Great white sharks are not the largest shark species in the world but certainly impressive! They can become massive, up to 7 m/23 ft in length – this is almost half the length of a basketball court!

Once a shark is fully fed, it can live without food for three months. Sharks follow vibrations in water when searching for prey. They also have a very good sense of smell and can also detect the scent of blood from about 5km/3 miles away.

14. Scorpion

South Africa animals: There are 175 species of scorpions in South Africa!

Though most of them are harmless, look at the pinchers and tail to determine if a scorpion is venomous. In general, only scorpions with small pinchers and a short thick tail are venomous.

15. Cape Cobra

The Cape Cobra is one of the most deadly snakes in the world! Together with the puff adder, the boomslang and the green or black mamba, they are the most poisonous snakes in South Africa.

Cobras can be encountered throughout the country, so be careful when walking through dunes or bushland especially close to the sea, rivers or near a national park.

Crocodiles are found in South Africa as well, mostly in the eastern and northern provinces.

South Africa Animals | Did you know…?

And this cute animal we just could not leave out – so here is our number 16 of South Africa animals. The cute green and orange striped Cape Dwarf Chameleons are home in many gardens around Cape Town.

The eyes of the tiny chameleon move independently from each other and can turn in all directions. The tongue is about twice the length of the chameleon’s body so it can catch insects that are quite a distance away!

Madagascar | Animals, People, and Threats
Madagascar | Animals, People, and Threats

Madagascar | Animals, People, and Threats

Facts

The island nation of Madagascar has developed its own distinct ecosystems and extraordinary wildlife since it split from the African continent an estimated 160 million years ago. Approximately 95 percent of Madagascar’s reptiles, 89 percent of its plant life, and 92 percent of its mammals exist nowhere else on Earth.

  • ContinentAfrica
  • SpeciesLemur, Tortoise, Gecko, Chameleon

Located off the east coast of Africa, Madagascar is the world’s fifth largest island; at 144 million acres, it’s almost the size of Texas. Madagascar’s climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland, and arid in the south. The island harbors lush rain forests, tropical dry forests, plateaus and deserts. Its more than 3,000 miles of coastline and over 250 islands are home to some of the world’s largest coral reef systems and most extensive mangrove areas in the Western Indian Ocean.

Species

 

A dizzying range of plants and animals make their home on the island. More than 11,000 endemic plant species, including seven species of baobab tree, share the island with a vast variety of mammal, reptiles, amphibians, and others. From 1999 to 2010, scientists discovered 615 new species in Madagascar, including 41 mammals and 61 reptiles.

Madagascar has several critically threatened species including the Silky Sifaka, a lemur, which is one of the rarest mammals on earth. Its name—“angel of the forest”—refers to its white fur. Another threatened species, the rare Ploughshare tortoise, is found only in a small area of northwestern Madagascar where as few as 1,000 of these animals survive. Ploughshare tortoises can be sold illegally for up to $200,000 on exotic pet markets.

People & Communities

Vanilla farmers in Madagascar.

The diversity of the island is seen everywhere. Madagascar is home to more than 21 million people with a wide array of faiths and customs. The Malagasy (as the people of Madagascar are known) are descendents of settlers from Borneo and East Africa and draw their cultural heritage from Southeast Asia, India, Africa, and the Middle East.

More than 20 ethnic groups coexist on the island. Their common language, also called Malagasy, is most closely related to a language spoken in southeast Borneo. A majority of the population—80 percent of which is estimated to live below the poverty line—depends on subsistence farming for survival. More Information to boisetaxicompany.com

Threats

Madagascar’s stunning species and unique habitats are threatened by demands from today’s global markets and from the growing needs of the local population.

Deforestation and Forest Degradation

The small-scale but widespread clearance of forests, primarily for firewood and charcoal production, is jeopardizing the island’s habitats. As a result, several charismatic species such as lemurs and chameleons that evolved here over millions of years may become extinct before the end of the century.

For the unique species of the island, loss of vital habitat is a disaster and the increased access to species has also exacerbated the international trade in Madagascar’s wildlife. Today, many animals and plants are threatened, with rosewood trees, tortoises, chameleons, geckos and snakes the most targeted by traffickers.

What WWF Is Doing

WWF aims to protect, restore and maintain Madagascar’s unique biodiversity in harmony with the culture and livelihoods of the local people. We work closely with governments, scientists, industry and local communities on several areas that present the best opportunities to secure the future for the island’s people and species.

Protecting the Dry and Spiny Forests

WWF has developed a plan to address immediate threats to Madagascar’s southernmost forests and help local communities manage their natural resources more sustainably.

Sustaining Livelihoods of Coastal Communities

WWF works with traditional fishermen and government authorities to manage marine and coastal resources so that they not only contribute to conservation but also benefit local communities.

Adapting to Climate Change

WWF helps decision makers, technical officers, and local authorities to develop and implement responsive strategies to protect local communities and natural ecosystems from the expected impacts of climate change.

Projects

  • Expanding and Consolidating Madagascar’s Marine Protected Areas Network

    Ministries have come together to support the project and its goals. Through this cooperation and strong interest from the president, the project will safeguard Madagascar’s marine resources into the future. The project works on tripling the number of Marine Protected Areas and strengthening their management.

Parrot Facts: Habits, Habitat & Species
Parrot Facts: Habits, Habitat & Species

Parrot Facts: Habits, Habitat & Species

Parrots are members of the order Psittaciformes, which includes more than 350 bird species, including parakeets, macaws, cockatiels and cockatoos, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Though there are many types of parrots, all parrot species have a few traits in common. For example, to be classified as a parrot, the bird must have a curved beak, and its feet must be zygodactyl, which means there are four toes on each foot with two toes that point forward and two that point backward.

Size

Because the parrot order includes so many different species, parrot sizes vary widely. Parrots can range in size from about 3.5 to 40 inches (8.7 to 100 centimeters) and weigh 2.25 to 56 ounces (64 g to 1.6 kg), on average. The world’s heaviest type of parrot is the kakapo, which can weigh up to 9 lbs. (4 kg). The smallest parrot is the buff-faced pygmy parrot, which is only about 3 inches (8 cm) tall and weighs just 0.4 ounces (10 g).

Habitat

Most wild parrots live in the warm areas of the Southern Hemisphere, though they can be found in many other regions of the world, such as northern Mexico. Australia, South America and Central America have the greatest diversity of parrot species.

Not all parrots like warm weather, though. Some parrots like to live in snowy climates. A few cold-weather parrots are maroon-fronted parrots, thick-billed parrots and keas.

With their colorful plumage and ability to mimic human speech, parrots are very popular pets. Some parrot pets have escaped their owners and bred in unusual areas. For example, a popular bird in the pet trade, the monk parakeet, a native of subtropical South America, now resides in the United States after some of them escaped and reproduced in the wild.

Habits

Most parrots are social birds that live in groups called flocks. African grey parrots live in flocks with as many as 20 to 30 birds.

Many species are monogamous and spend their lives with only one mate. The mates work together to raise their young. Parrots throughout the flock communicate with one another by squawking and moving their tail feathers.

Some parrots, like the kakapo, are nocturnal. They sleep during the day and search for food at night.

Diet

Parrots are omnivores, which means that they can eat both meat and vegetation. Most parrots eat a diet that contains nuts, flowers, fruit, buds, seeds and insects. Seeds are their favorite food. They have strong jaws that allow them to snap open nutshells to get to the seed that’s inside.

Keas use their longer beaks to dig insects out of the ground for a meal, and kakapos chew on vegetation and drink the juices.

Offspring

Parrots are like most other birds and lay eggs in a nest. Some species, though, lay their eggs in tree holes,ground tunnels, rock cavities and termite mounds. Parrots typically lay two to eight eggs at one time. A parrot’s egg needs 18 to 30 days of incubation before it can hatch, so the parents take turns sitting on the eggs.

A parrot chick is born with only a thin layer of thin, wispy feathers called down. Parrot chicks are blind for the first two weeks of their lives. At three weeks, they start to grow their adult feathers. The chick will not be fully matured for one to four years, depending on its species.

Classification/taxonomy

According to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), the taxonomy of parrots is:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genera and species: More than 60 genera and more than 350 species. Species that are popular as pets include Ara macao (scarlet macaw), Aratinga holochlora (green parakeet), Myiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet), Poicephalus senegalus (Senegal parrot), Nymphicus hollandicus (cockatiel) and Cacatua alba (white cockatoo).

Conservation status

Many species of parrots are endangered. The kakapo (Strigops habroptila) is a critically endangered parrot, according to the Kakapo Recovery Organization. There are fewer than 150 left. The there are only 50 orange-bellied parrots (Neophema chrysogaster), found in Australia, making it one of the most endangered parrots in the world.

The yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) is another endangered parrot, though there are more of them than kakapos or orange-bellied parrots. According to International Union for Conservation of Nature, there are 7,000 yellow-headed Amazons left in the wild.

Other facts

Parrots are very good mimics and can copy sounds that they hear in their environment; they can even copy human words and laughter. The African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is one of the best at this and one named Alex (1965-2007) was reported to be the world’s smartest parrot.

The kakapo is one of the world’s longest-living birds; they can live more than 90 years.

Cockatoos have a group of feathers on top of their heads that they can move. When on full display, these feathers resemble a mohawk. The cockatoo can also retract the feathers so they lay flat against their heads.

Are Dragons Real? - Lesson for Kids
Are Dragons Real? – Lesson for Kids

Are Dragons Real? - Lesson for Kids

While European dragons were usually depicted as monsters or enemies, on the other side of the world, ancient Asian cultures came up with their own ideas about dragons. Instead of big lizards, they appeared much thinner and longer and could be very small, very big, or anywhere in between. Eastern Asian dragons were usually symbols, meaning they represented something, such as wisdom, power, or nature, that was capable of helping people in numerous ways. For example, one Chinese dragon lived at the bottom of a deep spring and controlled the rain, and a type of Chinese tea today is named Dragon Well Tea.

Asian Dragons

In Vietnam, people believed that a dragon guarded the countryside and created a series of islands off the coast of Ha Long, which means ”descending dragon.” The capital city of Seoul, Korea lies between one mountain that looks like a tiger and one that looks like a dragon; the dragon mountain is considered lucky. In Borneo, an island in southeast Asia, legend holds that a dragon guards a huge jewel on top of Mount Kinabalu.

While there are no creatures on Earth that can fly and breathe fire, there are huge lizards that are known as dragons. Perhaps the most famous is the Komodo dragon, which can be ten feet long and weigh over 300 pounds. These huge lizards live on the islands of Indonesia and are the biggest carnivores, or meat eaters, around. They eat pretty much everything they find, including cows, pigs, and deer. They’ve even killed humans!

There are about 5,000 Komodo dragons left in the wild. Millions of years ago, when the planet was warmer and better for reptiles, more of these giant dragons lived throughout South Asia and Australia, and they grew even larger than the ones today. However, a changing planet, along with people moving in, has made the Komodo dragon among the last real dragons left in the world.

Research Characteristics of Dragons.

The lesson discussed mythical dragons and the characteristics that those dragons had in common, which are breathing fire and flying. Let’s think about and explore how these characteristics may be found in a dragon by looking at examples in present-day animals and insects.
Fire-breathing ability

If you think about dragons which have been portrayed in movies and cartoons, this is one of the common features they share. Is it possible for an animal to produce fire? Let’s consider a different characteristic that some creatures have – the ability to produce light. Research this phenomenon called bioluminescence, and discuss how this property occurs. Also, research what elements are needed for fire to occur. Then think about whether a process can occur in a creature to produce fire.

Answers:

A number of different organisms produce light, with one of the most familiar examples being the firefly. Bioluminescence generally produces light as a reaction, where the oxidation of a chemical called luciferin occurs with the assistance of an enzyme called luciferase and high energy molecule called ATP.

Three elements are required for fire to occur, which is known as the fire pyramid. There must be a fuel source, oxygen must be present, and a source of ignition must exist.

If a dragon were to produce fire, we would have to think about what could be used as a fuel source. Certain bacteria can break down partially digested food and produce methane. This occurs in higher levels in some animals, like cows. Perhaps a dragon could have a gland containing a large number of bacteria that produce methane for a fuel source. A chemical reaction, possibly similar to bioluminescence, may then be used as a source of ignition for the fuel.

Ability to fly

Dragons are often also portrayed with wings. Birds are an excellent example of achieving the ability to fly. Research how birds use wings to fly and think about whether this would work for a larger creature, such as a dragon.

Answer:

Birds are able to fly by pushing air down and behind with their wings. Do you think that a larger creature, like a dragon, would be able to use wings to fly like birds?

The 10 Absolute Strongest Animals on Earth: Pure Force
The 10 Absolute Strongest Animals on Earth: Pure Force

The 10 Absolute Strongest Animals on Earth: Pure Force

Key Points:

  • The strongest land animal in the world is the elephant. The typical Asian elephant has 100,000 muscles and tendons arranged along the length of the trunk, enabling it to lift almost 800 pounds.
  • The gorilla, the strongest as well as largest primate on the planet, is at least six times stronger than the average human. Its bite can also generate approximately 1,300 pounds of pressure per square inch.
  • While it may appear docile from a distance, the hippopotamus is one of the most dangerous beasts in the world, having a bite that exerts around 1,800 pounds of force per square inch.

In the constant war between predator and prey, size and strength can be decisive factors to help an animal survive the cruel whims of nature. However, there are several ways to measure strength, including lifting strength, bite strength, kick strength, and overall power.

How do we define a strong animal? For the purpose of this article, we will be defining strength in absolute terms, not in strength relative to body size (which would make insects some of the most powerful animals on the planet). Note that this article also lists animals in their general groups. A group may be defined as an entire order or just an individual species. Let’s have a look at some strong animals!

Exerts Most Absolute Force: Whales

Whales can claim the title of the strongest creature on the planet simply due to their enormous size. Although unable to lift, grip, or kick, they do need an enormous amount of force to power their massive bodies through the water.

This movement is facilitated by two large muscle groups near their tail: the epaxial muscles for the upstroke and the hypaxial muscles for the downstroke. The blue whale can generate a maximum force of around 60 kilonewtons (a single kilonewton is enough force to accelerate a 1,000-kilogram (2,200-pound) object at a rate of one meter per second).

Read more about the powerful, yet graceful blue whale here.

Most Powerful Land Animal: Elephants

Elephants are extremely powerful creatures, with size and strength varying among species. The African bush elephant holds the distinction of being the largest land animal on the planet. It has a maximum shoulder height of 12 feet and weighs up to 12,000 pounds. The closely related Asian elephant can weigh around 11,000 pounds.

The trunk is the elephant’s main tactile instrument. It is composed of muscles, nerves, and blood vessels with minimal amounts of fat and bone. The typical Asian elephant has 100,000 muscles and tendons arranged along the length of the trunk. This enables it to lift almost 800 pounds with relative ease — or about the size of a large tree.

The elephant’s trunk has many potential uses, including feeding, touching, cleaning, arranging objects, and communicating with others. It also has the ability to hold approximately two gallons of water at a time.

The elephant’s body is also specially adapted for strength. Whereas most mammals have small bone cavities, elephants have very dense bones that allow them to perform all kinds of impressive acts like standing on their hind legs. This allows some species to carry up to 14,000 pounds!

Strongest Primate: Gorillas

By any metric, the gorilla is one of the strongest animals on the planet. With such muscular and elongated arms, it is at least six times stronger than the average human. Its bite can also generate approximately 1,300 pounds of pressure per square inch. As the largest primate, a typical male gorilla can weigh anywhere between 200 and 500 pounds. Although largely herbivorous and not very aggressive, its intimidating display can scare off even the most dangerous animals.

Find out more about the intelligent and mighty gorilla.

Most Powerful Biter: Crocodiles

The crocodile has perhaps the strongest biting force on the planet. With its powerful jaws, the creature can instantly kill almost any prey by exerting up to 5,000 pounds of pressure per square inch (depending on the species). For comparison’s sake, a human can only bite with around 100 pounds per square inch. The key to the crocodile’s remarkable strength is its enormous jaw muscles. However, this ability does have one weakness: their mouths exhibit very little opening strength. It’s possible to keep the jaws clamped down with a rubber band.

Read more about the sneaky, strong crocodile.

Massively Strong: Bears

The bear is a familiar but intimidating presence throughout many of the world’s parks and ecosystems. They are swathed in huge muscles and powerful claws that enable them to dig and hunt with incredible expertise. Among all bear species, both the grizzly bear and polar bear take the crown as the strongest. Weighing more than around 800 pounds — the maximum recorded size is twice that figure — an individual male grizzly is equivalent to around five humans in strength … and even more when enraged. The key to the grizzly bear’s strength is the large mass of muscles attached directly to its backbone. This gives the bear a rounded, humped appearance. Polar bears are also massively strong, potentially weighing up to 1,600 pounds. They can also chomp down at around 1,200 pounds of pressure per square inch.

Forceful Hunter: Tigers

The tiger is one of the largest carnivores in the world, eclipsed only by the polar and grizzly bears. The most intimidating species, the Siberian tiger, can potentially weigh up to 800 pounds. As solitary hunters, tigers can swim, leap, and take down prey with amazing force. And unlike many other carnivores, it can easily stand and attack from its hind legs.

Tigers have night vision that is six times better than that of humans, which helps them hunt successfully in the dark. A tiger will mainly hunt pigs and deer but is capable of taking prey larger than itself

These remarkable abilities are enabled by the tiger’s incredibly dense muscular structure. It is estimated that their bite can exert around 1,000 pounds of force per square inch.

Learn more about the beautiful, yet dangerous tiger.

Surprisingly Strong Herbivore: Hippopotamuses

At first glance, the hippopotamus may seem like a placid, lumbering, veggie-munching softy, but when disturbed, it is one of the most dangerous creatures in the animal kingdom. To understand just how dangerous they are, it is necessary to fully appreciate the hippo’s sheer size. The average hippo can weigh anywhere between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds, and scientists have recorded some individuals with twice that weight. With the ability to open its mouth at a 180-degree angle, the hippopotamus has a bite that exerts around 1,800 pounds of force per square inch. It is a creature that can tussle with even the fiercest predators.

Learn more about the hippopotamus here.

Intense Defensive Strength: Rhinoceros

The rhinoceros is another fearsome herbivore with a penchant for rather violent displays of self-defense. Although under threat by humans, the white rhino is the world’s largest rhino species at around 13 feet long and weighing 5,000 pounds — sometimes much more. They can also make a harrowing charge of 30 to 40 mph. Although not particularly aggressive, these strong creatures will defend their territory from threats, and they have been known to rock or tip over entire vehicles. Their intimidating horn is composed of keratin — the same substance as hair, fingernails, and feathers.

Find out more interesting rhinoceros facts here!

Fiercely Strong Feline: Jaguars

The jaguar is a powerful cat native to an enormous range throughout Central and South America. Weighing up to 350 pounds at its maximum, the jaguar is not the largest cat, but with a powerful bite force of approximately 1,500 pounds per square inch, it only needs one quick strike to subdue its prey. The jaguar can open its mouth wide and pierce the skull or armored shell with its enormous teeth. It also has the strength to drag a huge carcass about equal to its own body size up into the trees. Jaguars will feed on almost anything, including deer, capybaras, boars, primates, and ungulates.

Read more about the hunting skills of the jaguar.

Unexpectedly Powerful Beast: Bovines

Bovines are defined as a group of ungulates that includes bison, buffalo, yaks, and cattle. Due to their immense strength, bovines were domesticated by humans thousands of years ago for the purpose of towing carts, plows, and other materials. As one of the largest bovines, the African buffalo is an immense beast that can weigh up to 2,000 pounds. When they feel threatened, buffaloes have been known to tip over large vehicles or charge at animals or people. With their powerful muscles, intimidating horns, and defensive posture, more people die of bovine attacks every year than almost any other animal.

Read more about the mighty buffalo here.

Most Powerful Bird: Harpy Eagle

 If you were wondering who the king of the air is, look no further than the harpy eagle. Experts have found that this fierce bird of prey is the strongest, pound for pound, in the world. The force of grip of its talons is incredible, able to crush the bones of its prey, which are typically monkeys, sloths, and opossums. The harpy eagle typically weighs in at 13 pounds, has a wingspan of 5.7 feet, and can fly up to 50mph. They’re found in rainforests in South America, but spotting one in the wild is rare.

27 Prehistoric Animals That Are Still Alive Today
27 Prehistoric Animals That Are Still Alive Today

27 Prehistoric Animals That Are Still Alive Today

Awe-inducing creatures like mastodons, giant ground sloths, saber-toothed cats and even dire wolves (yep, they were a real thing — not just a “Game of Thrones” fantasy) have sadly gone extinct since the last ice age ended about 11,700 years ago. But that doesn’t mean you’re out of luck in seeing prehistoric animals today. There are still plenty of wildlife species that predate recorded history, and they even exist as they did when roaming with our loincloth-clad ancestors.

Some of these animals can only be found in zoos and protected nature preserves because their populations are starting to fall, or they are already endangered. Others can still be found in the wild — and maybe even in your own backyard.

Wherever you see them, these ancient animals are sure to inspire wonder.

Gharial

All crocodiles, caimans and alligators are ancient species, and they look the part. But one species of crocodilian — the gharial, sometimes called a gavial — beats them all in the prehistoric-looking beauty contest. Gharials have long, narrow, sword-like mouths full of buzzy teeth. Males develop a huge bulbous nose at the end of their snout, making them look rather comical.

Gharials in some form or another have been around for tens of millions of years, but the modern gharial is the last remaining species of this lineage. Alas, it too is heading towards extinction, with fewer than 200 individual reproducing gharials left in the wilds of India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The IUCN has listed it as a “critically endangered” species.

Fortunately, the Kukrail breeding center at Kukrail Forest Reserve in Lucknow, India has been playing a massive role in gharial conservation efforts, by breeding the creatures and sending them out to zoos all over the world. The center is also open to the public, so you can get up close and personal with these spectacular beasts. Small populations are also present at Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park in Nepal.

Komodo Dragon

You can find Komodo dragons in Indonesia today, but that might not be where these iconic lizards came from originally. Scientists recently unearthed a series of Komodo dragon fossils in eastern Australia dating back as far as four million years ago.

These gigantic lizards can weigh as much (or more) than a human — and, in fact, they have been known to attack humans. Which is not ideal, since these giant reptiles are somewhat venomous.

However, if you’re still feeling brave, you can see Komodo dragons by booking with one of several outfitters leading excursions to Komodo National Park. The small Indonesian islands that make up this park are stunning, and offer many amenities for curious tourists.

Shoebill Stork

No one’s quite sure how the shoebill stork is related to other birds since different collections of data point to different living relatives, but one thing scientists agree on is that this is a very, very old bird. And it looks the part: Grayish and big-beaked, it looks like it walked right off the set of “The Flintstones.”

Shoebill storks are classified as “vulnerable to extinction” due to habitat destruction and poaching. But you can still see them in a protected area of the Mabamba Bay Wetland in Uganda, where several outfitters offer bird-spotting tours. As you paddle through the shallow lakes and ponds reminiscent of prehistoric swamps, you just might forget your place in time.

It may not be easy to get there, but this is an unusual animal you have to see before you die.

Bactrian Camel

You already know about the one-humped camels used as transport in the Middle East before automobiles existed. But did you know that they evolved from the two-humped Bactrian camel, which still roams the wilds of the Gobi Desert in Mongolia?

Bactrian camels — which sort of look like a cross between Chewbacca and a llama — evolved to withstand temperatures below 0°F and above 100°F some two million years ago. Its two humps are used to store fat, which the camel breaks down into energy and water to sustain it during long, dry, food-free periods (if only we could lose fat that easily too).

Bactrian camels are critically endangered in the wild, with fewer than 1,000 left, according to the IUCN. However, domesticated Bactrian camels are an important part of Mongolian culture, and numerous tour operators offer camel-riding expeditions. In addition, visitors can check out the annual Thousand Camels Festival, held in early March in Umnugovi, Mongolia.

Echidna

Echidnas are an amazing and bizarre creature that look like a cross between a badger, a porcupine and an anteater. They’re a monotreme, a type of primitive mammal that lays eggs instead of giving birth to live babies, just like their famous relative, the platypus.

These animals can also be hard to find in the wild, since they’re small, mostly nocturnal, and live a spaced-out and solitary life. Several species of echidna are also highly endangered — a sad fact, considering that these animals have been roaming the earth for an estimated 17 or so million years.

If you want to see a live echidna up close, your best bet is to visit one of the many zoos throughout New Zealand, Tasmania and Australia that house them. They can be found at the Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary in Hobart, Tasmania, the Australia Zoo in Queensland, and the Taronga Zoo in Sydney.

Musk Oxen

Musk oxen can be quite a sight (and smell) to behold, especially during the fall rutting season. During this time, bull musk oxen fight for control of harems by sprinting towards each other and bashing their heads with such force that it can shake the ground from a long distance away.

It’s a wonder how these animals still survive, but it’s estimated they’ve been around for 187,000 to 129,000 years. In the 1800s they were extirpated from Alaska, but after they were successfully reintroduced in the 1930s, the populations grew. Currently there are several thousand musk oxen in Alaska, though their populations have been declining in recent years.

It can still take some time to find these animals in the wild, but one of the best places to see them is in Nome, Alaska, where they regularly wander near the small tundra town. Nome is also the famous end point of the Iditarod dogsled race, which you can watch in early-to-mid March.

Make sure to also check out Nome vendors selling qiviut, the delicately soft underwool harvested from captive or even wild muskoxen. This wool is some of the finest and warmest in the world (what would you expect from an arctic animal?), and is even rarer than cashmere.

Vicuña

Speaking of luxury wool, another prehistoric animal known for its fiber is the vicuña, the ancestor of the modern-day alpaca. The two animals look very similar indeed, though vicuñas have a distinctive color pattern, with white undersides and a brown saddle across most of their body.

Although vicuñas were treasured by the Incas and protected, they were nearly driven to extinction by hunting after the Inca empire fell. Happily, thanks to the work of many dedicated conservationists, there are hundreds of thousands of vicuñas in the wild today.

You can see them throughout rural roads in south-central Peru, but one of the best places is in Huascarán National Park, north of Lima. There are all sorts of other treasures to see hidden away here, in the world’s highest tropical mountain range, including spectacled bears, Andean condors and the amazing Queen of the Andes flower.

Chambered Nautilus

The chambered nautilus normally lives in the deep ocean around Australia and Indonesia, but if you happen to be in the area of the famous Monterey Bay Aquarium in California, you can see the ancient creatures up-close.

These alien-looking corkscrew-shaped animals are among the oldest in the world. Fossils of this animal have been found from 500 million years ago, and they still look exactly the same as today’s descendants.

They’re difficult to breed in captivity, and due to declining populations in the wild (are you sensing a trend yet?), the Monterey Bay Aquarium is at the forefront of research efforts. In fact, in Spring 2018, researchers successfully bred some of the first baby nautiluses in captivity.

Babirusa

Babirusas are just like your everyday slightly irritable pig — except for the fact that males have gigantic tusks that grow upwards right through their snouts and curve back towards their heads. In fact, if unchecked for long enough, the tusks can pierce their foreheads. The lower tusks of babirusas grow upwards as well, making the animal look somewhat like a pig version of an orc.

Babirusa are old enough to appear on Indonesian cave paintings some 35,000 years ago. Today, there are several tour operators offering babirusa-watching safaris in the Nantu Forest and Tangkoko Nature Reserve in Indonesia.

Tapir

Like babirusas, tapirs also resemble pigs except for one key feature: a short, elephant-like proboscis that they use for roping food into their mouths. Tapirs also use their long snouts as snorkels while walking around underwater, one of their favorite pastimes.

While tapirs look rather porcine, they’re actually more closely related to horses and rhinoceroses. In fact, tapirs have a long, proud history in the fossil record, having first evolved in the Miocene epoch, as late as 23 million years ago. They’ve evolved into numerous species since then, although today there are only five remaining tapir species left across Asia, Central and South America.

One of the best places to see wild tapirs in the Americas is at Corcovado National Park in breathtaking Costa Rica. They can also be found throughout the Amazon rainforest — keep your eyes peeled!

White Rhinoceros

Want to know some incredible rhino facts?

The ancient species of white rhinos is actually composed of two subspecies: the northern white rhinoceros and the southern white rhinoceros. Unfortunately, the northern white rhino population is down to just two individuals, both of them female — meaning that the population will almost certainly go completely extinct within our lifetimes. The beautiful creatures are mother and daughter, living together in a reserve in Kenya, which you can visit on a special tour with Unforgettable Travel.

The southern white rhino is more of a conservation success story, however. The IUCN currently lists this subspecies as “Near Threatened,” with over 17,000 individuals worldwide.

Still, all rhino species are under constant threat from poachers, who harvest the horns for traditional Asian medicinal uses. This has led some conservationists to take drastic measures, such as surrounding especially important animals with armed guards, or even removing and destroying the rhino’s horns to remove the incentive for poachers to kill.

One of the best places you can see the Southern White Rhino today is in Kruger National Park in South Africa, home to hundreds of the majestic creatures (the most in any one place in Africa). Kruger National Park is one of the most popular destinations for safaris, and you’ll be guaranteed to see tons of other iconic African wildlife species as well.

Wobbegong Shark

If you’re not looking carefully while on a tropical Pacific reef dive, you might miss seeing a wobbegong shark. In fact, these creatures are specifically trying to hide from you, using their flattened bodies, frilly edges and camouflage patterns to blend in with algae-covered rock. But once they start swimming and you see their smooth white bellies, the gig is up. There’s no mistaking a swimming wobbegong.

These sharks — which have been around since the Miocene epoch, some 11 million years ago — are still found in a couple different species, and most are too small to harm people. A few wobbegong shark attacks have been reported, but there have been no fatalities, and it’s likely that the injured parties just accidently stepped on them or got too close while diving.

You might get lucky and spot these animals while on a reef dive (just don’t get too close). If not, you can check them out at the Sydney Aquarium in Australia, where you can go on a guided shark swim even if you have no previous diving experience.

Horseshoe Crab

Horseshoe crabs are one of the oldest species on earth, having been around in more or less the same form since the Ordovician period, some 445 million years ago. Back in those days, the continents still hadn’t formed yet — there was one single supercontinent called Gondwanaland, and horseshoe crabs could be found in abundance around its shores even then.

Today, you can find millions of horseshoe crabs in Delaware Bay each May as the clunky, helmet-shaped creatures return to the beaches to breed. It’s the single largest concentration of horseshoe crabs in the world.

While you’re there, keep an eye out for rarely-seen shorebirds like the Red Knot and Ruddy Turnstone, which make a deliberate bee-line here during their annual northward migration to feast on the abundance of horseshoe crab eggs.

Polar Bear

Everyone’s familiar with the iconic polar bear these days. But when you step back and think about it, they really do look like something that could have wandered in off a glacier during the last ice age.

Actually, polar bears are a lot older than that. In 2010, scientists used a fossilized polar bear jawbone found in arctic Norway to discover that the animal lived around 120,000 years ago. These animals have been lumbering around in the white North since at least that time.

Churchill, Manitoba in Canada is one of the hotspots for tourists seeking a glimpse of these rare creatures, whose populations are currently declining. The town specializes in polar bear tourism, and outfitters even have special raised and reinforced tundra buggies that allow you to get right up next to the polar bears while still remaining safe (they are known predators of people, after all).

Tuatara

Sure, the tuatara might look like your everyday iguana-esque lizard, but don’t let the superficial appearance deceive you. This ancient reptile is believed to have existed at the same time as the dinosaurs, some 225 million years ago.

Today, the tuatara’s body contains clues of this ancient history. Indeed, they actually have a primitive third eye on the top of their head, although it’s hard to see and sometimes grown over with scales in adults. Scientists believe this is an archaic sort of light sensor, which the reptiles use to set their daily and seasonal biological functions. In addition, tuataras can still hear sounds, even though they have no outside ears, like modern-day reptiles. This is similar to how fish hear sounds underwater.

Tuataras can be found in New Zealand. You can’t really see them very easily in the wild, unfortunately, since they mostly live on predator-free islands nowadays. Still, you can view them up-close in many New Zealand zoos, such as the National Aquarium of New Zealand in Napier or Zealandia in Wellington.

Cassowary

Cassowaries are about the closest-looking thing we have to a “Jurassic Park” velociraptor. These tall, colorful, bipedal birds have a huge slab-like ornament on the top of their head and a sharp, dagger-like claw on their feet. In fact, these birds have been known to attack and even (very rarely) kill people.

Ratites (large, flightless birds) like cassowaries and emus have been around for around 60 million years. These days, you can find cassowaries in northern Queensland and Papua New Guinea.

If you’re lucky, quiet and careful, you can spot them while walking through forest trails in the Cape Tribulation, Daintree and Mission Beach areas in Australia, where several guided outfits offer birdwatching tours. Remember to keep your distance, and not to feed them!

Chinese Giant Salamander

“Jurassic Park” may be a fantastical story, but there actually are animals from that time period that still roam the earth today. The Chinese Giant Salamander, which is an estimated 170 million years old, is one of them. It’s also the largest amphibian in the world; it can grow even larger than some people, up to 110 pounds and six feet in length.

These giant salamanders used to be found widespread in chilly Chinese mountain streams, but there are hardly any left in the wild at all now due to poaching for food and traditional medicine.

But if we’ve piqued your interest, you can still see one amazing example of this animal in the Prague Zoo. Karlo, one of the world’s largest living Chinese giant salamanders (weighing in at a whopping 77 pounds), is currently quite healthy and will hopefully be around for decades to come.

Chamois

No, we’re not talking about the cloth. The animal chamois (pronounced sham-wah) first showed up on the map in western Europe during the last ice age, and they’ve been there ever since. In fact, they’ve even been found in cave paintings and carvings made by humans from this chilly time. The chamois looks like a goat with the face of an antelope. It has dark fur, and a lighter face with a dark streak across it.

Happily, the chamois is a conservation success story, unlike so many of their ancient comrades. Chamois are widespread throughout the Alps and the Pyrenees, where you can often see them along hiking trails.

One of the best trails to see wild chamois is along the Haute Route from Chamonix, France, to Zermatt, Switzerland. This two-week hike has also been rated as one of the top trails in the world, as it meanders through mountain meadows and breathtaking high-altitude lakes.

Whale Shark

The name “whale shark” is a bit of a misnomer. This animal is not a whale at all; in fact, it’s the largest shark — the largest fish, even — in the world. What’s more, it’s been swimming around in the ocean for at least 28 million years.

These gigantic sharks can actually be found all around the equator, but seeing them isn’t as simple as that ubiquity suggests. First, you have to rent a boat. And since these animals are endangered, finding them even while out on the water is a tall order.

A better option is to visit the Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta. It’s home to some of the world’s only captive whale sharks, and you can even swim with them for a fee. (Don’t worry; whale sharks are filter feeders and not dangerous to humans at all.)

Lake Sturgeon

Speaking of old fish, another amazing aquatic animal to check out is the lake sturgeon. This ancient fish actually swam around with the dinosaurs, having shown up on the map some 150 million years ago, and it still swims around the United States today.

It’s also a bizarre animal in its own right. Lake sturgeon have no scales — only rubbery skin and a few rows of bony scutes — and can grow up to be over 7 feet long and weigh 300 pounds (imagine seeing that swim by while you’re dipping your toes in a lake this summer!).

As with whale sharks, lake sturgeon populations are dwindling, but you can see them reliably by visiting Shedd Aquarium along Chicago’s Lake Michigan coastline. The aquarium even has an interactive sturgeon touch pool, where you can feel the creature’s bony scutes for yourself.

Okapi

The fossil record is a bit spotty for the okapi, so information is spare, but one thing scientists can all agree on is that these animals are very old, perhaps even the oldest mammals left on Earth. They’re also very weird-looking, resembling a cross between a deer, a zebra and a giraffe — and in fact, they’re the only living relative of the latter.

Okapi evolved to live relatively solitary lives in the jungle, where a long neck might get caught in the dense trees. In fact, they’re so secretive that Western scientists didn’t even know they existed until 1900.

Up until relatively recently, it was possible to see okapi in the wild at the Okapi Wildlife Reserve in Democratic Republic of Congo. But due to a spate of deadly attacks, that’s not exactly recommended at the moment. Instead, you can see them in a wide range of zoos around the world that the Okapi Wildlife Reserve has partnered with.

Saiga Antelope

Another odd-looking animal is the saiga antelope. This creature looks more like a pronghorn antelope than a pig, and indeed it is more closely related to the pronghorn.

Saiga antelope were widespread across the northern hemisphere throughout the Pleistocene, but time has not been kind to them, unfortunately. After the Pleistocene ended they died off in North America, and they can only be found in a few scattered pockets around central Asia today.

There are even recent concerns about massive mysterious die-offs. Today, these animals are critically endangered with around 50,000 animals left, according to the IUCN. Few zoos have these animals and it’s even harder to see them in the wild, although the Askania Nova biosphere reserve in the Ukraine does have a small herd you can see.

Alligator Gar

The freshwater alligator gar is another fish that you definitely do not want to find yourself staring at while swimming in the southern U.S. Even though they pose no threat to humans (so far…) these fish are as formidable as their namesake, alligators, with flat snouts full of razor-sharp teeth and a body size that can range up to 300 pounds.

This interesting animal also swam with the dinosaurs, and is believed to be 100 million years old. Today, one of the best spots to see alligator gar (aside from serene southern waterways) is at the Tennessee Aquarium. It’s even home to an all-white alligator gar, which you can see here.

Caribou

Caribou look like they walked straight out of the ice age — and indeed, they did. These unique animals evolved as long as two million years ago. Caribou were already present by the time humans arrived to cross the Bering land bridge and were surely a big part of their diets, just as they are today for Native Alaskans.

One of the really unique things about caribou is that they’re the only species of deer in which females also grow antlers. They’re usually not as big as the male’s ornate head wear, but females do keep them throughout the winter to guard pits in the snow that they’ve dug to get to their food. Then, in the springtime, they fall off.

Caribou can be found in remote areas throughout Alaska and Canada. One of the best ways to see them, however, is by taking a park-operated bus trip through Denali National Park. This massive park is home to a resident herd of caribou that are often spotted from the road. Keep an eye out for Dall sheep and brown bears as well, since these two species have also been here since the the last ice age.

Siberian Musk Deer

Imagine crawling through the thick brush of a remote primeval forest in northeastern Asia and coming face-to-face with a tiny deer…with 4-inch-long fangs.

Siberian musk deer are a real thing, and commonly called “vampire deer” due to their scary dentition, but in reality, these animals are strict herbivores. The tusks are only used for fighting, since the wee beasties lack the antlers of most of their distant cousins.

Siberian musk deer aren’t endangered yet, but they’re getting there. They’re often poached for their odiferous musk glands, which can fetch a high price on the black market. It’d be a shame to see them go extinct, especially considering they’ve been around for some three and a half million years. It’s hard to find them in the wild since they’re so rare and secretive in their forests, but you can see two male musk deer at Ranua Wildlife Park in the Finnish Lapland.

Sandhill Crane

These tall, beautiful birds have long legs that stick far out behind them when they fly, making their silhouette resemble a pointy-tailed dragon when aloft. And while they’re common and not often seen as ancient birds, they actually are: The oldest fossil sandhill crane is at least two-and-a-half million years old.

Each spring, sandhill cranes migrate en masse to their arctic breeding grounds, and Kearney, Nebraska, is one of their biggest stopover points. Over half a million birds will gather here at one time and fatten up in the cornfields for the long journey ahead. Then, according to some unknown and mysterious signal, the birds will seemingly all depart at once. It’s one of the greatest shows in the entire wildlife world.

Walrus

With their long whiskers and bulbous couch-potato shapes, walruses can sometimes resemble human family members. They’re also perfect snorkelers of the sea floor, vacuuming up clams, crabs and anything else that happens to be located near their mouths (which are also strangely human-like).

Walruses, which date back about 600,000 years, spend a lot of their time hanging out on ice floes, but from May to August they can be found on shore in huge concentrations called haulouts. It’s here that their big tusks come into play, as the males fight for control of the females.

It’s definitely not a place you want to walk up to very closely, but you can watch these big groups from afar. There are a few reliable haulouts located in Alaska, although you’ll need to book an air taxi or a boat to go visit them.

These Are the Best Pets for Kids at Each Age
These Are the Best Pets for Kids at Each Age

These Are the Best Pets for Kids at Each Age

As many adults know, caring for a pet is a rewarding and satisfying experience. And, adopting a pet that a child can also help take care of can be an enriching experience for your kid.

“It teaches empathy and responsibility. Being responsible for another animal … understanding that other things are relying on you to stay healthy and survive,” says Dr. Laurie Hess, DVM and owner of the Veterinary Center for Birds and Exotics in Bedford Hills, New York. She adds, “Many of these animals are very smart and will give that unconditional love back to you.”

Make Sure Your Kids are on Board With the Type of Pet and Work Involved

As with any pet, when you are looking for the best pets for kids, you want to have a very clear idea of the pet care requirements.

“You have to be educated,” says Dr. Hess. Particularly with exotic pets, you need to know what you are getting into and what to expect from them. Dr. Hess explains, “Often people get frustrated and very disappointed in these animals because [the experience] isn’t what they expected.”

When it comes to choosing the best pets for the kids in your family, it is important that everyone is on the same page. Everyone in the family needs to be willing to actively help with the care of the pet.

Dr. Elizabeth Mackey, veterinarian and owner of Mackey Exotic Animal Clinic in Watkinsville, Georgia, explains that it is important that your children are on board with the pet you decide to get. They need to be just as invested in the well-being and happiness of the pet as you are.

And most importantly, you need to be comfortable with whichever pet you decide to get. So if you are deathly afraid of snakes, they probably are not the best pets for your kids, even if the kids have their heart set on one.

What to Consider When Choosing Pets for Kids

So, how should you go about finding a good match? Both Dr. Mackey and Dr. Hess recommend booking a consultation appointment with a veterinarian who is experienced in the care of the species you are considering.

Consider bringing a list of animals you’re interested in so you can discuss each one and determine what the best pet for your family would be. Some factors to take into consideration include:

  1. Life span of the pet. Kids can get very attached to their pets, so you will need to consider your child’s emotional attachment when choosing pets for kids. However, by a choosing a pet with a longer life span, you will also need to keep in mind that once your child leaves for college or work, you may have to become the sole provider for your family pet.
  2. Space needs. Do you have adequate room (e.g., living space, yard space, etc.) for your chosen pet? You will also need to consider how a pet will grow and if you can accommodate them at their largest adult size.
  3. Care requirements and needs. Talk with your veterinarian about the care requirements for each pet you are considering. Can your family share pet care tasks in a manageable way? Are you financially prepared to take good care of the pet?
  4. Health care costs. All pets require veterinary care. You will need to make sure there is a veterinarian in your area that can help with your chosen pet. If you choose an exotic pet, you can start by looking at the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians. You will also need to make sure that you are financially ready to take on a pet’s health care costs.
  5. What does your child want when it comes to interactions with their pet? “Some of them want [a pet] that they can play with. And, most children want that hands-on interaction,” says Dr. Mackey. “There are some children who would rather have the cool, unique [pet] and not so much the hands-on.”
  6. Is your potential new pet nocturnal or diurnal? This could influence where you want to your pet’s enclosure to reside.
  7. Consider your child’s personality. Is your child calm enough to handle a more fragile creature? You have to consider the pet’s needs and your child’s ability to respect those needs.
  8. What are you going to do if your child loses interest in the pet? It is never acceptable to let an animal suffer because a child cannot or will not take care of it anymore. Are you going to be able to take on all responsibility for the pet’s care (including their emotional needs) or will you find the pet a new, loving home?

You’ll also want to meet your pet in person so you can get a feel for each other. Dr. Mackey cautions that while some pet store employees are highly knowledgeable, others are not, so your veterinarian is the best resource when it comes to determining care requirements for your pet.

After you bring your pet home, you’ll want to book an appointment with your veterinarian immediately so they can assess your pet and then provide you with recommendations on how to best care for them.

Best Pets for Kids Ages 4-7

Parakeet

Parakeets (also called budgies) can be a good option when it comes to pets for kids. “They’re fairly low-maintenance, not super messy and don’t take up a lot of space,” says Dr. Hess. She explains that by the age of 7, children start to understand how to be gentle with pets and can actively engage in their bird’s care.

Parakeets are known to be very affectionate, and they respond well to regular, gentle handling. With training, a parakeet can learn dozens or more words, so your child can actively engage with them in a fun and unique way.

A parakeet is a great pet for kids who are able to respect the small bird’s size. They will not do well with children who handle them roughly or act unpredictably and startle them frequently.

However, if you are willing to work with your child to help them learn how to positively interact with their pet parakeet, Dr. Hess says that these birds can help teach children how to be calm and patient.

When it comes to the everyday care of a parakeet, the parents should take care of the daily cage cleanings, but children can help out with other tasks like washing and filling up the food and water dish and feeding vegetables as a treat.

It is important to remember that parakeets can live into their teens, so this pet would be a long-term commitment.

Crested Gecko

If you are comfortable with lizards in your home, then a fun and unique pet to consider is the crested gecko.

“Little kids love the gecko because he just sits there in your hand,” says Dr. Mackey. “They’re a cool, cool lizard. They’re the softest animal you will ever touch. Feet stick to the glass on the container. But, they’re nocturnal. You can see them during the daytime, but the evening/early morning is the best time to see them.”

While these little guys can be handled and have some quirky characteristics, you will need to work with your child to be gentle with them. A young crested gecko will need time to adapt to their living situations before you can start conditioning them to be handled, which can take three to four weeks.

Once you do start handling them, you must teach your child to be very gentle, because crested geckos will “drop” (lose) their tails if startled or made to feel threatened.

The care of the crested gecko can be split up between family members. Children can help with mixing a crested gecko’s powdered food with water and how to measure it out. Dr. Mackey says that a child can also help with setting up their terrarium.

Keep in mind that you will need to teach your children to wash their hands after handling their gecko because reptiles tend to carry Salmonella bacteria more frequently than some other species of pets.

Best Pets for Kids Ages 8-11

Rats

They may not be your immediate thought when it comes to pets, but rats can be great pets for kids. “Rats are phenomenal animals,” says Dr. Hess. “Rats are generally very loving and bonded to their owners. They’re gentle. They’re a little tougher.” Dr. Hess explains that once kids have a longer attention span, rats can be an ideal pet.

A pet rat can help an older child to “understand that there’s some kind of schedule to their day,” says Dr. Hess. They can add structure and responsibilities that can help children grow to be more thoughtful. For instance, they might have a morning task to feed the rat before going to school.

Pet rats are also affectionate pets that, when socialized, love interactions with their humans. They can show excitement when they sense (sight, smell and sound) their human’s presence, and some will even cuddle. But they also like to have a cage mate, so you should be prepared to have more than one.

When it comes to caring for pet rats, there are many activities that kids can get involved with. Besides helping feed their pet rats pellets and small veggies, kids can replenish water, clean the water bottle and spot-clean the cage.

Kids can help with the mental and physical enrichment of pet rats by setting up mazes for them to explore. They can also create foraging toys and places to hide using toilet paper tubes, which the rats can also chew on.

Rats are very intelligent and can be trained, so your child can actively bond with their pet rat and try to teach them a whole host of tricks.

Dr. Mackey does caution that rats tend to eat everything you give them and can easily become overweight, so you will have to work with your child to ensure you find the right balance between food and exercise.

However, rats tend to only live for about three years, so you will have to be prepared to have a tough conversation with your child if you choose to have a pet rat while they are still very young.

Canaries and Finches

Canaries and finches are ideal pets for kids because they don’t have to be handled a lot. However, they usually prefer the company of others, so you will need to be prepared to have multiple birds. These birds are flock animals and tend to do better when they’re in a group, says Dr. Mackey.

Canaries “can be a little skittish. But if they’re kept happy, they’ll sing, and it’s beautiful,” says Dr. Hess. “Many people appreciate small birds for their beauty.” She explains, “Finches are fun to watch. They’re very active.” But finches will not sing, like the canary, so if you are looking for a quiet bird, finches may be a good option.

Canaries and finches can be great options for kids who would like to observe more than interact with their pets. While, with patience, canaries can be taught to perch on a finger, most finches prefer not to be handled, so your child will have limited opportunities to physically interact with their finches.

Canaries are not the hardiest of pets, either; they “have to be kept safe and away from other pets. They’re fragile,” says Dr. Hess.

Kids can help out with cage cleaning and providing fresh food and water for the bird. Your child can also be responsible for removing the bird cage cover in the mornings, changing the paper at the bottom of the cage and vacuuming around the cage.

Canaries and finches have a long life span—10-15 years in captivity—so you and your child will need to be prepared to provide care for them well into their teen years.

Guinea Pigs

Everyone has heard about guinea pigs as pets, and some even consider them to be good class pets. Guinea pigs are popular pets for kids because of their size and manageable care requirements. “They’re pretty calm. They’re adorable,” says Dr. Hess. “They’re not high maintenance. They’re fairly hardy.”

Guinea pigs generally enjoy being around humans and will actively engage and interact with you. They are willing to sit calmly in a child’s lap and will even vocalize their excitement when their favorite human is around.

There are also a wide variety of guinea pig breeds to choose from, so your family can find one that fits what you are all looking for in a pet.

If your child can handle additional responsibility, you can consider getting a long-haired guinea pig; they can help with brushing the guinea pig and making sure the hair doesn’t get matted, says Dr. Hess. Children can also actively participate in keeping the cage tidy and providing the guinea pig with fresh hay, salad and pellets.

“Guinea pigs are really social animals. They do better when there’s more than one,” says Dr. Mackey. But if you get another guinea pig, that’s twice the cage space and twice the expense.

Guinea pigs tend to live 5-7 years, so they are an option if you are looking for a moderate commitment in terms of life span.

Best Pets for Kids Ages 12-15

Rabbits

Rabbits can be great pets for kids, but you have to be prepared to be very involved in your rabbit’s care.

“They’ve very, very loving,” says Dr. Hess. “They live a long time. They can be very bonded to their owners. They can be gentle.”

Both Dr. Mackey and Dr. Hess point out that rabbits can startle easily and can be very fragile; they can bite and jump and injure themselves, so they should only be handled by a child with a calm demeanor.

Despite their reputation as low-maintenance starter pets, rabbits are actually better suited for older children that understand how to be responsible with the care of their pet. They are very social creatures that crave attention from their owners and will require a significant time and care commitment.

If your family is ready to take on the care of a rabbit, then you will find that they make great companions. They are curious and playful and will provide your child with a loving pet that enjoys their company.

Since these pets are best for older children, your child can be actively involved in their care. They can ensure the litter box is cleaned, provide the rabbit with fresh hay, replace paper-based bedding and clean their cages. They can also help you pick out vegetables for your rabbit.

Rabbits also need to spend time out of their cages, so you can use this as an opportunity to bond with your child as you both watch the rabbit explore his surroundings safely.

Keep in mind that rabbits could potentially be attacked or harmed by other animals and will probably need to be kept in their own separate space.

Domestic rabbits tend to live 8-12 years, so they will be long-term commitments for your family.

Cats and Dogs

Cats and dogs, while common, are major commitments when it comes to time, money and responsibility.

When children are taught how to properly interact with cats and dogs, they can play a very active role in the care of these pets. “They understand responsibilities and consequences. They have to participate in the care. That’s part of the deal,” says Dr. Hess. “Picking up dog poop isn’t so much fun. It’s something that you have to do.”

Children can take responsibility for a variety of care tasks for a pet dog or cat. Younger kids can give fresh food and water and wash towels and bedding, and tweens and teens can take dogs out on walks, change the cat litter, and even help out with teeth brushing.

Dogs and cats can live to be well over 10 years old (some for 20 years or even more), so they are long-term commitments.

Bearded Dragons

If you have older children who are looking for a more unique pet, consider a bearded dragon. According to Dr. Mackey, bearded dragons are the “world’s greatest lizards… because they’re fairly hardy [and] because they don’t bite often. I won’t say that they won’t, but they don’t, typically.”

Bearded dragons are reptiles that enjoy being handled and held, so if your child is looking for a reptile that they can actively engage with, they are a great option.

In terms of responsibilities, your older child can take an active role in the care of their bearded dragon, from feeding and cleaning to socialization and enrichment.

One thing to keep in mind is that the housing requirements for a bearded dragon’s well-being are a bit more intricate. They require special UV lighting and temperature controls, and sometimes live feedings.

But luckily, your older child can help with changing the bulbs before they burn out, measuring the temperature of the cage (which needs to be kept at specific levels) and feeding insects to your bearded dragon.

Be aware that bearded dragons tend to be more expensive to care for than other pets, due in part to the insect diet and special lighting, says Dr. Mackey.

Bearded dragons tend to live 5-8 years but can live to be up to 10 years old when provided with optimal care.

Corn Snakes

Both vets praised corn snakes as being easy to handle and a good option for a family prepared to care for a pet snake. “Corn snakes can be very gentle,” says Dr. Hess.

The corn snake can grow to be 2.5-5 feet, so you will need to adjust their terrarium size as they grow. They are great starter reptiles for older children because they do not mind being handled. They do require rodents as food, but they should be freshly deceased or frozen, because live mice can injure your pet snake.

They’re also relatively low-maintenance pets when it comes to daily chores. However, because they have special care requirements, they are best suited for older children.

With all reptiles, you’ll want to check the humidity and temperature of the cage and keep the space clean—all activities your older child can assist with. Your child can also take an active role in the layout of the cage and the accessories it contains.

Corn snakes have a life span of 5-10 years, so they are also long-term commitments.

Greek Tortoises

Dr. Hess prefers Greek tortoises to other types of turtles, tortoises and terrapins because they’re small and eat vegetables.

Greek tortoises will grow to be about 5-8 inches, and they should be kept in a large naturalistic enclosure made of plywood (this helps them to learn their boundaries, whereas glass and plastic will have them constantly trying to escape).

When it comes to the care of your tortoise, you will want to work with your veterinarian to meet their individual needs and discuss their nutritional requirements.

Your kids can help out with checking the temperature, humidity, light and heat inside the enclosure. Kids can also cut vegetables, administer vitamins and replenish water dishes.

“Some of the reptiles are great for kids on the spectrum because they’re slow-moving and they’re quiet and they’re not overstimulating. And, there are plenty of detail-oriented children who can participate in care by keeping track of daily feedings,” says Dr. Hess.

Greek tortoises do not particularly care for being held, so they are a great pet for kids that like to watch and observe their pets go about their business. However, this does not mean they will not interact with you. They are known to be very responsive and interactive. They will approach their caretakers for food and will be friendly and interactive.

Are Komodo Dragons Poisonous or Dangerous?
Are Komodo Dragons Poisonous or Dangerous?

Are Komodo Dragons Poisonous or Dangerous?

Komodo dragons are undoubtedly one of the world’s largest and most dangerous lizards. With their huge, muscular bodies and highly venomous bites, komodo dragons can take down prey many times larger than them, such as deer, pigs, water buffalo, and even humans. Komodo dragons are extremely dangerous and venomous, and the best thing to do is stay away from them.

They are not the best idea to keep pets as they are fierce hunters and difficult to tame. They can be very dangerous to keep around children or even adult humans, especially animals. Their name suits them well, as Komodo dragons are true carnivores that attack all sorts of animals in the wild, even humans. While the Komodo is not known to feed on humans, attacks have been reported.

Komodo Dragon Bite

The Komodo dragon seems terrifying because of its 60 sharp, serrated teeth. However, the komodo dragon’s bite is relatively weak compared to other animals. Like other lizard species, Komodo dragons can generate a bite force of only 500 to 600 PSI or 39 Newtons, which is weak compared to an Australian saltwater crocodile of the same size that can generate a bite force of 252 Newtons. Technically, the Komodo dragon’s bite should not be enough to create colossal damage or impact on animals or humans. So what makes a Komodo dragon’s bite lethal? Komodo dragons possess a potent venom delivered through their razor-sharp teeth. This venom can kill humans within a few hours.

Are Komodo Dragons Dangerous to Humans?

You might think that lizards are all harmless and non-venomous, but not the Komodo. The Komodo is the largest lizard on the planet and is extremely dangerous. Komodo dragons are known to hunt and take down even massive mammals, but more importantly, they can also take down and kill humans. These giant lizards have a ferocious bite that injects venom into their victim, sending them into a state of shock as the venom speeds up blood loss, decreases blood pressure, causes massive bleeding, and prevents wound clotting. These events weaken and incapacitate victims, including humans, hindering them from fighting back.

Komodo dragons have a natural predator mouth with shark-like teeth and strong venom. Studies say that a Komodo’s venom can kill an adult human within hours. Apart from that, the Komodo dragon’s bite itself can leave deep wounds that can cause excruciating pain.

Because of the recorded fatalities, the Komodo dragon has been a fearsome reptile in Indonesia, inducing terror in its natives. Yet, experts claim that Komodo attacks are still rare. For decades, scientists believed in the myth that Komodo dragons were not venomous and instead killed with their saliva filled with bacteria. However, in 2009, Bryan Fry and his colleagues proved that Komodo dragons possess venom glands loaded with toxins and therefore use the venom to kill their victims. The Komodo dragon’s venom glands are located between their teeth and are designed to “exaggerate the blood loss and shock-inducing mechanical damage caused by the bite.”

Komodo Dragon Human Attacks

Although rare, Komodo attacks on humans have been reported. Unlike most lizard species, Komodo dragons are aggressive and may track even when unprovoked. Some Komodo dragon attacks have left villagers with deep bite wounds and some others dead. Both in captivity and the wild, the Komodo National Park has gathered 24 reported attacks from 1974 to 2012. Unfortunately, five of these attacks were fatal.

The fatal attacks include the death of an 8-year-old boy on Komodo Island in 2007 after being attacked by the giant lizard. The boy succumbed to his injuries and massive bleeding. In 2009, on the other hand, a 31-year-old man gathering sugar apples on Komodo Island fell from a tree. He fell on two Komodo dragons, which ravaged him. The victim was reported to have bites on his hands, legs, neck, and all over his body. The man died shortly after the attack. Some other reports of Komodo attacks have left individuals gravely injured.

Are Komodo Dragons Poisonous?

Contrary to popular belief, Komodo dragons are incredibly venomous. Their venom is highly poisonous and enough to kill animals in a few hours, even humans. Scientists have believed that Komodo dragons have killed their victims through bacterial infection for decades. These lizards were said to have extremely dirty saliva that could poison the blood within a few hours with the help of their teeth. However, the Komodo’s venom glands are discovered to be oozing with toxins, not bacteria, that are capable of speeding up the bleeding of wounds and preventing it from clotting. This is why most of Komodo’s victims die of blood loss.

Komodo dragons uniquely deliver their venom. They tear the flesh and forcefully pull them back using their strong neck muscles, weakening the victim and sending it into a state of shock. These giant lizards may have been living only in a specific region, but they have the potential to be one of the most dangerous animals on the planet. Equipped with 60 shark-like teeth and snake-like venom, the Komodo dragon is an apex predator in the wild and a dangerous threat to humans.

What Do Komodo Dragons Eat?

Komodo dragons are carnivores who will eat anything that crosses their path, including humans. They prefer to hunt live prey, but as they have huge appetites if they find any dead animals they will consume them, too. Large adult Komodo dragons typically eat large mammals introduced to the habitat by humans, including pigs, goats, deer, dogs, horses, and water buffalo. Animals that are indigenous to their habitat, such as small rodents, deer, wild boar, and monkeys, are also on the menu. Smaller or younger Komodo dragons target prey closer to their own size and eat insects, smaller lizards, rodents, birds, and snakes.

A Komodo dragon will eat another Komodo dragon, with the bigger of the species hunting the smaller like any other prey. The threat from other Komodos begins immediately after they are born. The juvenile pups begin hunting their own following hatching. Due to larger Komodos preferring mammals on the ground, the smaller ones are more inclined to use their climbing abilities and scale trees to hunt for food and evade any attacks from their bigger counterparts. Young Komodo dragons will also roll in the fecal matter of larger dragons in order to cover their scent and try to avoid detection.

The species remarkably has a stomach that is able to expand when needed, so it’s possible for them to consume up to 80% of their body weight. If a large Komodo dragon weighs 330 pounds, it is capable of eating 264 pounds of meat in one meal! Find out more about Komodos’ diets here.A Komodo dragon will eat another Komodo dragon, with the bigger of the species hunting the smaller like any other prey. The threat from other Komodos begins immediately after they are born. The juvenile pups begin hunting their own following hatching. Due to larger Komodos preferring mammals on the ground, the smaller ones are more inclined to use their climbing abilities and scale trees to hunt for food and evade any attacks from their bigger counterparts. Young Komodo dragons will also roll in the fecal matter of larger dragons in order to cover their scent and try to avoid detection.

The species remarkably has a stomach that is able to expand when needed, so it’s possible for them to consume up to 80% of their body weight. If a large Komodo dragon weighs 330 pounds, it is capable of eating 264 pounds of meat in one meal! Find out more about Komodos’ diets here.

Komodo Dragon vs Crocodile

Historically, saltwater crocodiles were competitive predators with the Komodo dragon when they shared the same hunting grounds of coastal areas and mangrove swamps within the Komodo State Park. Crocodiles no longer exist in the area and would not normally face off with this reptile in the wild but if they did, what would happen in a fight between a Komodo dragon and a crocodile?

Both are about equal when considering their physical defenses. However, as crocodiles can reach up to 20 feet long and weigh in at 2,000 pounds, they have the size advantage over Komodo dragons, who grow up to 10 feet long and weigh 300 pounds. Crocs are also faster, achieving speeds of 22 mph on land and 15 mph in water, while Komodos’ top speed is 11 mph.

When it comes to senses, Komodo dragons have the advantage as their very keen sense of smell allows them to detect prey from miles away.

While both have dangerous sets of teeth that they put to deadly use, crocodiles win out when it comes to the bite factor, as they have one of the most powerful bites on Earth measured at a force of 3,700PSI, compared to Komodos’ weaker bite power of roughly 100-300PSI.

Overall, crocodiles are bigger, stronger, and faster than Komodo dragons. A crocodile would win a fight against a Komodo dragon. You can read more about what would happen in a battle between the two here.